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  1. Content type: Research article

    Previous research has identified separate sagittal plane instantaneous centers of rotation for the metatarso-phalangeal and metatarso-sesamoid joints, but surprisingly, it does not appear that any have integra...

    Authors: Michael Durrant, Lara Durrant and Tucker McElroy

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:107

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  2. Content type: Correction

    In the original publication of this article [1], the word “place” should be changed to “plate”.

    Authors: Jia Li, Zhe Zhao, Pengbin Yin, Licheng Zhang and Peifu Tang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:106

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    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:76

  3. Content type: Research article

    Microfracture and scaffold application in the treatment of osteochondral defects is still one of the most frequently used methods in the clinic. The most important step in this treatment method is the stabiliz...

    Authors: Erdem Degirmenci, Kutay Engin Ozturan, Abdullah Alper Sahin, Fahri Yilmaz and Yasin Emre Kaya

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:105

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  4. Content type: Research article

    It is believed that direct odontoid screw fixation preserves the physiological cervical range of motion following surgery. However, there are no clinical studies confirming the motion sparing value of this tec...

    Authors: Andżelina Wolan-Nieroda, Andrzej Maciejczak, Agnieszka Guzik, Grzegorz Przysada, Ewa Szeliga and Mariusz Drużbicki

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:104

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Osteosarcoma was locally aggressive and frequently metastasizes to the lung. However, the etiology of osteosarcoma was unknown. Thus, exploring the mechanisms behind the occurrence of osteosarcoma was importan...

    Authors: Hongwei Yu, Guofan Qu, Yuxue Wang, Wei Mai, Jun Jie Bao, Chunyu Song and Meng Yao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:103

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  6. Content type: Research article

    With the development of indirect three-dimensional (3D) printing technology, it is possible to customise individual scaffolds to be used in bone transplantation and regeneration. In addition, materials previou...

    Authors: Ji-Qi Wang, Bing-Jie Jiang, Wei-Jun Guo and You-Ming Zhao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:102

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  7. Content type: Systematic review

    Both adductor canal block (ACB) and local infiltration analgesia (LIA) are effective procedures for postoperative pain control in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) without motor blockade. However, whether ACB comb...

    Authors: Wei Zuo, Wanshou Guo, Jinhui Ma and Wei Cui

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:101

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Spondylodiscitis is a chameleon among infectious diseases due to the lack of specific symptoms with which it is associated. It is nevertheless a serious infection, with 7% mortality of hospitalized patients, i...

    Authors: Lars Homagk, Daniel Marmelstein, Nadine Homagk and Gunther O. Hofmann

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:100

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  9. Content type: Research article

    It is not exactly known whether guided growth or definitive epiphysiodesis techniques are superior in treating limb length discrepancy (LLD). The purpose of the present study was therefore to find out if defin...

    Authors: Paul Borbas, Christoph A. Agten, Andrea B. Rosskopf, Andreas Hingsammer, Karim Eid and Leonhard E. Ramseier

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:99

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Compressive-flexion type cervical spine fracture is typically accompanied by apparent dislocation of the facet joints, undesirable cervical alignment, and devastating neurological dysfunction, which provides s...

    Authors: Kazuya Yokota, Takeshi Maeda, Osamu Kawano, Eiji Mori, Tsuneaki Takao, Hiroaki Sakai, Muneaki Masuda, Yuichiro Morishita, Tetsuo Hayashi, Kensuke Kubota and Yasuharu Nakashima

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:98

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  11. Content type: Systematic review

    Postoperative knee flexion protocol has been widely recognized as a highly attractive, simple, and cost-effective tactic to improve patient’s outcomes after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, opti...

    Authors: Hai-yang Wang, Guang-shu Yu, Jie-hui Li, Shou-xiong Zhang and Yan-bin Lin

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:97

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  12. Content type: Systematic review

    An intramedullary guide is an instrument that surgeons use to align the distal femoral cut. The opening may become a channel that drains intramedullary blood to the knee joint after surgery if left open during...

    Authors: Varah Yuenyongviwat, Pakjai Tuntarattanapong, Khanin Iamthanaporn, Theerawit Hongnaparak and Boonsin Tangtrakulwanich

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:96

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (BIS) are potent therapeutics in osteoporosis, but their use may result in osteonecrotic side-effects in the maxillofacial region. Periosteal microcirculatory reactions may ...

    Authors: Levente Pócs, Ágnes Janovszky, Imre Ocsovszki, József Kaszaki, József Piffkó and Andrea Szabó

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:95

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and risk factors for axial neck pain in patients undergoing multilevel anterior cervical decompression with fusion surgery.

    Authors: Sen Liu, Da-Long Yang, Ruo-Yu Zhao, Si-Dong Yang, Lei Ma, Hui Wang and Wen-Yuan Ding

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:94

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a complication following surgery. Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) or direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are efficacious but come with inherent bleeding risk. Mechanical prop...

    Authors: Rafael Torrejon Torres, Rhodri Saunders and Kwok M. Ho

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:93

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In contemporary total knee arthroplasty (TKA), most often, the goal is to align the femoral component to the epicondylar axis (EA). The posterior condylar axis (PCA) is easier to define than the EA, and thus t...

    Authors: Daniel A Cohen, Ali C Gursel and Adrian K Low

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:92

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is common among patients receiving hemodialysis and deeply influences their daily life. Amyloid deposits are considered the main reason for median nerve compression, but its preval...

    Authors: Koji Fujita, Kenji Kimori, Akimoto Nimura, Atsushi Okawa and Yoshikazu Ikuta

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:91

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Posterior lumbar spinal fusion has been widely used in degenerative lumbar stenosis, but adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) was common. Researchers have found many risk factors for ASD after one or two levels...

    Authors: Zhaoxin Ma, Shilei Huang, Jianguang Sun, Feng Li, Jianhao Sun and Guofu Pi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:89

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Knee extension deficit or loss of extension (LOE) is a potential complication following ACL reconstruction (ACLR); however, the change in postoperative knee extension during rehabilitation is not well defined....

    Authors: Nalan Ektas, Corey Scholes, Selin Kulaga, Garry Kirwan, Binglong Lee and Christopher Bell

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:88

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Recently, the AMADEUS (Area Measurement And DEpth Underlying Structures) grading system has been introduced to evaluate and grade osteochondral lesions prior to cartilage surgery. The AMADEUS score has not bee...

    Authors: Armin Runer, Pia Jungmann, Götz Welsch, Danica Kümmel, Franco Impellizzieri, Stefan Preiss and Gian Salzmann

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:87

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Chronic low back pain is a common public health problem all over the world. Conservative therapy is prescribed as the initial treatment strategy in chronic low back pain. The cornerstone of conservatism in bac...

    Authors: Shiju Majeed A, Anish TS, Asha Sugunan and Arun MS

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:86

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  22. Content type: Research article

    We compared autografts and allograft using partial and complete transphyseal anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction techniques among skeletally immature individuals.

    Authors: Mohammad Razi, Amin Moradi, Afsane Safarcherati, Alireza Askari, Peyman Arasteh, Elaheh Ziaei Ziabari and Haleh Dadgostar

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:85

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The extent of postoperative changes in the coracoid process grafted during the modified Bankart and Bristow procedure remains unclear. The purpose of the present study was to quantify the postoperative changes...

    Authors: Takeshi Makihara, Masayuki Abe, Masashi Yamazaki and Kenji Okamura

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:84

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is known to increase morbidity and mortality after orthopedic surgery. The purpose of this study is to investigate how CKD affects perioperative complications in hip surgery patients.

    Authors: Yongqing You, Yijian Zhang, Lei Qiang, Ye Sun, Junxin Zhang, Emily Bou, Moqi Yan, Kerong Dai and Muliang Ding

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:82

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of proximal radioulnar derotational osteotomy followed by internal fixation for the treatment of congenital radioulnar synostosis (CRUS).

    Authors: Xinjian Pei and Jiuhui Han

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:81

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  26. Content type: Research article

    In the ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) prosthetic environment, fibroblasts affected by wear particles have the capacity of osteogenesis to reduce osteolysis. We aimed to assess the effects of ...

    Authors: Pengfei Lei, Zixun Dai, Yu Shrike Zhang, Hua Liu, Wanting Niu, Kun Li, Long Wang, Yihe Hu and Jie Xie

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:80

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  27. Content type: Research article

    This study was performed to investigate the morphological changes of contralateral intervertebral foramen (IVF) based on computed tomography images of patients with lumbar spinal stenosis after unilateral tran...

    Authors: Kai Zhu, Shuaifeng Yan, Song Guo, Jinyu Tong, Cong Li, Jun Tan and Weiping Wan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:79

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Two-stage exchange arthroplasty is still the preferred treatment choice for chronic PJI. However, the results remain unpredictable. We analyzed the treatment success of patients with an infected hip prosthesis...

    Authors: Doruk Akgün, Michael Müller, Carsten Perka and Tobias Winkler

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:78

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  29. Content type: Systematic review

    There is an increased interest in enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) minimizing adverse events after orthopedic surgery. Little consensus supports the effectiveness of these interventions. The purpose of p...

    Authors: Zhi-Chao Hu, Lin-Jie He, Dong Chen, Xiao-Bin Li, Zhen-Hua Feng, Cheng-Wei Fu, Jiang-Wei Xuan, Wen-Fei Ni and Ai-Min Wu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:77

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Current surgical interventions for the femoral neck fracture are using either cannulated screws (CCS) or a single large screw at a fixed angle with a side-plate (i.e., a sliding hip screw, AKA dynamic hip scre...

    Authors: Jia Li, Zhe Zhao, Pengbin Yin, Licheng Zhang and Peifu Tang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:76

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:106

  31. Content type: Research article

    Atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) is characterized by excessive movement at the junction between the atlas (C1) and axis (C2) as a result of either a bony or ligamentous abnormality. Surgical intervention is a th...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Yamada, Toshitaka Yoshii, Yu Matsukura, Takuya Oyaizu, Masato Yuasa, Takashi Hirai, Kyohei Sakaki, Hiroyuki Inose, Ichiro Torigoe, Kenichiro Sakai, Atsushi Okawa and Yoshiyasu Arai

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:75

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The extensile lateral approach (ELA) has been widely used to treat displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACFs) and remains the gold standard procedure. Orthopedic surgeons are extremely concerned of...

    Authors: Yang Yang, Xiaoxiao Zhou, Mengqin Zhang, Yichi Zhou, Bin Wang and Chiting Yuan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:74

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Hyperlactatemia is known to be associated with adverse outcome in critical illness. In this study, we attempted to identify if hyperlactatemia on emergency department (ED) arrival is a reliable predictor for i...

    Authors: Chia-Peng Chang, Wen-Chih Fann, Shu-Ruei Wu, Chun-Nan Lin and Cheng-Ting Hsiao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:73

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Osteoporosis is often not recognized until one or more fractures occur, yet post-fracture screening remains uncommon. Orthopedic surgeons are well situated to address this care gap. Both a protocol-based appro...

    Authors: David W. Barton, Daniel C. Griffin and Jonathan J. Carmouche

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:72

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Cervical spondylotic radiculopathy is a common spinal disease. The traditional surgical treatment consists of anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF), but it presents problems such as trauma and fusi...

    Authors: Jiabin Ren, Rui Li, Kai Zhu, Xuexin Han, Xin Liu, Yu He and Zhaozhong Sun

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:71

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Fracture reduction quality is of paramount importance for osteosynthesis. The aim of this study was to report the outcome of an inferior cortical buttress non-anatomic reduction pattern and internal fixation f...

    Authors: Wen-Feng Xiong, Shi-Min Chang, Ying-Qi Zhang, Sun-Jun Hu and Shou-Chao Du

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:70

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The objective of the current study is to compare reliability, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evaluation of anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) among the routine axi...

    Authors: Shengxuan Cao, Chen Wang, Xin Ma, Xu Wang, Jiazhang Huang, Chao Zhang and Kan Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:69

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  38. Content type: Systematic review

    To explore whether bone turnover biomarkers (BTMs), i.e., C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) and procollagen type I aminoterminal propeptide (PINP), are associated with fracture.

    Authors: Aixian Tian, Jianxiong Ma, Kaiqiang Feng, Zhaojie Liu, Lei Chen, Haobo Jia and Xinlong Ma

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:68

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Ultrasonography is a fast and patient-friendly modality to assess cartilage thickness. However, inconsistent results regarding accuracy have been reported. Therefore, we asked what are (1) the accuracy, (2) re...

    Authors: Simon Damian Steppacher, Markus Simon Hanke, Corinne Andrea Zurmühle, Pascal Cyrill Haefeli, Frank Michael Klenke and Moritz Tannast

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:67

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Prior studies reported ambivalent effects of bisphosphonates on the fixation of cementless stem in hip arthroplasty patients. To set up the postoperative guide of bisphosphonate use after cementless hip arthro...

    Authors: Young-Kyun Lee, Tae-Young Kim, Yong-Chan Ha and Kyung-Hoi Koo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:66

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of mesh technique in the reconstruction of the extensor mechanism after resection of proximal tibial tumors.

    Authors: Bin Liu, Jia Chang Tan, Hui Lin Wang, Zhenjie Wu, Zhen Chao Yuan and Chang Yuan Wei

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:64

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  42. Content type: Systematic review

    Adult acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD) represents a spectrum of deformities affecting the foot and the ankle. The optimal management of AAFD remains controversial. We evaluated the efficacy of surgical treat...

    Authors: Xu Tao, Wan Chen and Kanglai Tang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:62

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Monitoring results regarding the effectiveness of knee and hip arthroplasties may be useful at the clinical, economic and patient level and help reduce the number of prosthesis revisions. In Spain, and specifi...

    Authors: Jorge Arias-de la Torre, Laia Domingo, Olga Martínez, Laura Muñoz, Noemí Robles, Elisa Puigdomenech, Miquel Pons-Cabrafiga, Francesc Pallisó, Xavier Mora and Mireia Espallargues

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:61

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Alternative grafts are needed to improve the healing of bone non-union. Here, we assessed a bovine bone product which retains the inorganic and organic components of bone, as an alternative bone graft.

    Authors: David S. Musson, Ryan Gao, Maureen Watson, Jian-Ming Lin, Young-Eun Park, Donna Tuari, Karen E. Callon, Mark Zhu, Nicola Dalbeth, Dorit Naot, Jacob T. Munro and Jillian Cornish

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:60

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Proinflammatory cytokines, which can upregulate the expression of matrix-degrading enzymes in chondrocytes, play important roles in the development of osteoarthritis. BET family proteins, acting as the “reader...

    Authors: Jin Dai, Sheng Zhou, Qiting Ge, Jinzhong Qin, Jianxin Li, Huangxian Ju, Yi Cao, Minghao Zheng, Chaojun Li, Xiang Gao, Huajian Teng and Qing Jiang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:59

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  46. Content type: Systematic review

    Recently, many studies have shown the role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) expression in the outcome of bone tumor. However, the results remain inconclusive. It is necessary to carry out a meta-analysi...

    Authors: Deqing Luo, Hongyue Ren, Wenjiao Zhang, Hang Xian, Kejian Lian and Hui Liu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:56

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