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  1. Our study aimed to explore the clinical therapeutic effects of ultrasound-guided five-point injection of botulinum toxin type A for patients with trapezius hypertrophy.

    Authors: Wanying Chen, Xiaoyu Zhang, Yingying Xu, Zemin Xu, Haiyan Qin and Lianbo Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:634

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Which technique, gap balancing or measured resection, can obtain better femoral component alignment and soft tissue balance in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is still controversial. This study aimed to determin...

    Authors: Yanhui Hu, Da Song, Yi Liu, Yong Zhao, Wenpu Ma, Yiqun Yang and Zhenfeng Yuan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:633

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The management of an infected nonunion of long bones is difficult and challenging. A staged procedure comprising radical debridement followed by definitive internal fixation was favored. However, no standard t...

    Authors: Yong-Cheol Yoon, Chang-Wug Oh, Jae-Woo Cho and Jong-Keon Oh

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:632

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Although proximal and diaphyseal humerus fractures are frequent, the optimal management remains controversial. Antegrade nailing prevents further damage to the soft tissues and to the vascularization, but it h...

    Authors: Fabrizio Mocini, Giuseppe Rovere, Domenico De Mauro, Edoardo Giovannetti De Sanctis, Amarildo Smakaj, Giulio Maccauro and Francesco Liuzza

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:631

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic degenerative joint disorder globally that is characterized by synovitis, cartilage degeneration, joint space stenosis, and sub-cartilage bone hyperplasia. However...

    Authors: Zheng-yuan Wu, Gang Du and Yi-cai Lin

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:630

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The present means of confirming the cure of intra-operative polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) cement are to wait for the remainder cement to harden. To our knowledge, there is no available technique to determine ...

    Authors: Daniel A. Funk, Quang-Viet Nguyen and Michael Swank

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:629

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The preoperative diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) in patients undergoing re-revision arthroplasty is crucial, so we evaluated whether plasma levels of D-dimer and fibrin degradation product (F...

    Authors: Hong Xu, Jinwei Xie, Duan Wang, Qiang Huang, Zeyu Huang and Zongke Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:628

    Content type: Research article

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  8. While many factors involved in the etiology of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), one of which is the hormone relaxin. Relaxin concentrations in patients with DDH may lead to pathodynamic changes during...

    Authors: Semih Ayanoğlu, Haluk Çabuk, Fatmagül Kuşku Çabuk, Kubilay Beng, Timur Yildirim and Süheyla Uyar Bozkurt

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:627

    Content type: Research article

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  9. There are few reports about minimally invasive decompression and fixation for patients with thoracolumbar fracture and neurological symptoms. The previously reported method requires complete laminectomy, and r...

    Authors: Xu Li, Zhiyuan Guan, Xiao Chen, Buzhou Chen, Lei Kong, Jintao Han and Wenzhi Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:626

    Content type: Technical note

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  10. Increasing numbers of posterior pelvic ring fractures, especially in elderly patients, demonstrate the need for soft tissue protecting surgical techniques. Standard of care is iliosacral screw osteosynthesis. ...

    Authors: Niklas Grüneweller, Dirk Wähnert and Thomas Vordemvenne

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:625

    Content type: Technical note

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  11. The purpose of this study was to compare the functional outcomes, activity levels, mortalities, implant survival rates, and complications in revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) of patients with septic loose...

    Authors: Ji-Hoon Baek, Su Chan Lee, Hosun Jin, Jin-Woo Kim, Hye Sun Ahn and Chang Hyun Nam

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:624

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The postoperative complaints of hypoesthesia or a burning sensation due to lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) injury in patients are not yet solved. The present study aimed to identify the three-dimensiona...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Yao Yao, Yexian Wang, Zaikai Zhuang, Ying Shen, Qing Jiang and Dongyang Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:623

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Sciatic nerve injury (SNI), which frequently occurs under the traumatic hip and hip fracture dislocation, induces serious complications such as motor and sensory loss, muscle atrophy, or even disabling. The pr...

    Authors: Liuxun Li, Xiaokang Du, Haiqian Ling, Yuhang Li, Xuemin Wu, Anmin Jin and Meiling Yang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:622

    Content type: Research article

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  14. When performing femoral reconstruction in patients with Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), anatomical deformity presents many technical challenges to orthopedic surgeons. The false acetabu...

    Authors: Yuhui Yang, Weihong Liao, Weiqun Yi, Hai Jiang, Guangtao Fu, Yuanchen Ma and Qiujian Zheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:621

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Novel imaging technologies like 3D stress-MRI of the ankle allow a quantification of the mechanical instability contributing to chronic ankle instability. In the present study, we have tested the efficacy of a...

    Authors: Helge Eberbach, Dominic Gehring, Thomas Lange, Spartak Ovsepyan, Albert Gollhofer, Hagen Schmal and Markus Wenning

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:620

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is a safe and noninvasive rehabilitative physical therapy with anti-inflammatory effects. The current study investigated the effect of LIPUS on the inflammation of nucle...

    Authors: Weiwei Yi, Qing Chen, Chuan Liu, Kaiting Li, Bailong Tao, Guihua Tian, Lu Zhou, Xiaohong Li, Jieliang Shen, Bo Liu, Zhenming Hu, Dawu Wang and Dingqun Bai

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:619

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a severe articular cartilage disease whose pathogenesis involves the inflammation of chondrocytes. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are considered to be effective inflammation regulators. However, the...

    Authors: Chunyu Wang, Li Wang, Xingfa Guan and Changfeng Yue

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:618

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Collagens are important structural components of intervertebral disc. A number of studies have been performed for association between polymorphisms of collagen genes and risk of intervertebral disc degeneratio...

    Authors: Guohui Xie, Chunhong Liang, Honglin Yu and Qin Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:616

    Content type: Systematic review

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  19. Tendon stem/progenitor cells (TSPCs) play a vital role in tendon repair and regeneration. Previously we found more adipocytes accumulated in the patellar tendon injury sites in aging rats compared with the you...

    Authors: Fan Lai, Jingjing Wang, Hong Tang, Xuting Bian, Kang Lu, Gang He, Pan Huang, Juan Liu, Mei Zhou, Jian Liu, Xu Tao and Kang-lai Tang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:614

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The purpose of the current study was to explore the role and underlying mechanism of FGF-2 in dexamethasone (DEX)-induced apoptosis in MC3T3-E1 cells.

    Authors: Pei Lu, Yi-min Shen, Ting Hua, Ting Pan, Gang Chen, Teng Dai and Ke-qin Shi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:613

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Evidence linking total testosterone and bone mineral density (BMD) in adults is very limited. According to our review of the literature, only a few reports have focused on the relationship between total testos...

    Authors: Nan Wang, Lixiang Wang and Chengcheng Huang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:612

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To explore the influencing factors of age at onset of pain and severe pain in patients with Hartofilakidis type I developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).

    Authors: Yange Gu, Wenshu Jin, Han Zhang, Zhiwei Shi, Yaohui Yue, Zhaolong Yan, Zhang Zhao, Shufeng Li and Xinfeng Yan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:611

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Osteoporosis affects all sections of society, including families with people affected by osteoporosis, government agencies and medical institutes in various fields. For example, it involves the patient and his...

    Authors: Nader Salari, Hooman Ghasemi, Loghman Mohammadi, Mohammad hasan Behzadi, Elham Rabieenia, Shamarina Shohaimi and Masoud Mohammadi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:609

    Content type: Systematic review

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  24. Hip involved secondary to ankylosis spondylitis (AS) had a huge influence on hip function. Cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) can improve hip function. However, no previous study compared the outcomes of ...

    Authors: Ping Mou, Hua Li, An-Jing Chen, Zheng Ji, Xin-Yi Dai and Zong-Ke Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:608

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Periprosthetic joint infection is a grievous complication after arthroplasty that greatly affects the quality of life of patients. Rapid establishment of infection diagnosis is essential, but great challenges ...

    Authors: Zhizhuo Li, Chengxin Li, Guangxue Wang, Lijun Shi, Tengqi Li, Xiaoyu Fan, Xin Xu, Peixu Wang, Fuqiang Gao and Wei Sun

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:606

    Content type: Systematic review

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  26. Excellent outcomes of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair for small and medium tears have been recently reported. However, re-tears after surgery have been a common complication after surgical repair of large and...

    Authors: Takeshi Kataoka, Yutaka Mifune, Atsuyuki Inui, Hanako Nishimoto, Takashi Kurosawa, Kohei Yamaura, Shintaro Mukohara, Takehiko Matsushita, Takahiro Niikura, Yasuhiko Tabata and Ryosuke Kuroda

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:605

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Bilateral sacral fractures result in traumatic disruption of the posterior pelvic ring. Treatment for unstable posterior pelvic ring fractures should aim for fracture reduction and rigid fixation to facilitate...

    Authors: Katharina E. Wenning, Emre Yilmaz, Thomas A. Schildhauer and Martin F. Hoffmann

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:604

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Remarkably little research has been published on chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) of the forearm. This study investigated forearm flexor compartment pressure pre- and post-exercise in elite motor...

    Authors: Dominic P. O’Dowd, Heike Romer, Richard Hughes, Noel Harding, Samantha Ball, Filippo Migliorini and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:603

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Linear blisters (LBs) often occur around dressings when negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is used to cover open wounds. Tension blisters may increase the wound infection incidence rate, delay the start of...

    Authors: Congming Zhang, Qian Wang, Zhimeng Wang, Qiang Huang, Chenchen Zhang, Ning Duan, Hua Lin, Teng Ma, Kun Zhang, Hanzhong Xue and Zhong Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:602

    Content type: Technical note

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  30. The COVID-19 pandemic represents one of the most massive health emergencies in the last century and has caused millions of deaths worldwide and a massive economic and social burden. The aim of this study was t...

    Authors: Gianluca Testa, Marco Sapienza, Fabrizia Rabuazzo, Annalisa Culmone, Fabiana Valenti, Andrea Vescio and Vito Pavone

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:601

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) has become an interest over the last few decades, discovering its understanding in anatomy, pathomechanism, biomechanics, and management in treatments. Currently, TFCC ...

    Authors: Chia-Hung Hung, Yu-Feng Kuo, Yu-Jen Chen, Ping-Chun Yeh, Hsiao-Yun Cho and Yeong-Jang Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:600

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Rehmanniae Radix Preparata (RRP) can effectively improve the symptoms of osteoporosis, but its molecular mechanism for treating osteoporosis is still unclear. The objective of this study is to investigate the ant...

    Authors: Li Ou, Wenqian Kang, Ziyi Liang, Feng Gao, Taiwei Dong, Peifeng Wei and Min Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:599

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Despite a relatively high risk for complications and reoperations, mega prostheses are considered a useful method for reconstruction of bone defects after tumour resections. The total number of reoperations ha...

    Authors: Christina Berger, Sofia Larsson, Peter Bergh, Helena Brisby and David Wennergren

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:598

    Content type: Research article

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  34. This study was aimed to explore (1) location on AP pelvic X-ray that displayed bone stock in anterosuperior acetabulum; (2) whether X-ray could provide enough evidence to evaluate whether bone stock could prov...

    Authors: Jingwei Zhang, Keyu Kong, Yingjun Chi, Xiaoliang Liu, Yiming Zeng and Huiwu Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:597

    Content type: Research article

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  35. To evaluate the influence of Nordic walking (NW) on hip joint loads in order to determine whether it can be safely performed during postoperative physiotherapy in patients after orthopeadic surgery of the hip.

    Authors: Yannick Palmowski, Srdan Popovic, Simone G. Schuster, Sebastian Hardt and Philipp Damm

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:596

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by joint pain and joint function limitation. Hsa_circ_0045714 (circ_0045714) is a novel OA-related circular RNA. However, its repertoire remains to be further clarified in ...

    Authors: Ran Ding, Jinsong Zhou, Jianguo Xu, Huajie Lu, Tingting Zhang, Xiong Xiang and Zhen Shi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:595

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Varieties of animals were used to study osteoarthritis pathogenesis. The Diannan small-ear pig, which is native to Yunnan, China, is thought to have an articular anatomy similar to that of humans and is more l...

    Authors: Di Jia, Ruixian Zhang, Yinghong He, Guofeng Cai, Jiali Zheng, Yuye Yang and Yanlin Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:594

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To evaluate the biomechanical influence after percutaneous endoscopic lumbar facetectomy in different diameters on segmental range of motion (ROM) and intradiscal pressure (IDP) of the relevant segments by est...

    Authors: Yin Shi, Yi-Zhou Xie, Qun Zhou, Yang Yu and Xiao-Hong Fan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:593

    Content type: Research article

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  39. With the increasing incidence of osteoporosis, vitamin K and calcium have been linked to bone mineral density (BMD) and undercarboxylated osteocalcin (UcOC) in many studies, but the results of studies of the c...

    Authors: Liyou Hu, Jindou Ji, Dong Li, Jing Meng and Bo Yu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:592

    Content type: Systematic review

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  40. Adductor canal block (ACB) with additional nerve blocks (ANBs) is reported to provide adequate analgesia and enhanced functional rehabilitation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The present study aims to evalu...

    Authors: Qianhao Li, Qinsheng Hu, Mohammed Alqwbani, Donghai Li, Zhouyuan Yang, Qiuru Wang and Pengde Kang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:591

    Content type: Research article

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  41. To determine the long-term effects (a minimum follow-up time 8.8 years) of cemented and cementless fixations used for total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

    Authors: Cheng Chen, Yanyan Shi, Zhanpo Wu, Zengxin Gao, Youmin Chen, Changzheng Guo and Xianguo Bao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:590

    Content type: Systematic review

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  42. Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is a common non-structural muscle injury which can disrupt training and impair performance in elite athletes. Vibration therapy reduces inflammation and improves neuromuscu...

    Authors: Harold Akehurst, John E. Grice, Manuela Angioi, Dylan Morrissey, Filippo Migliorini and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:589

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Ultrasound examination can be applied to the diagnosis of pediatric elbow fracture. This study aims to analyze the application value of ultrasound in the surgical treatment of supracondylar humeral fractures.

    Authors: Yang Wu, Rongbin Lu, Shijie Liao, Xiaofei Ding, Wei Su and Qinjun Wei

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:588

    Content type: Research article

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  44. In complex injuries, external fixation device represents a challenge to maintain negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT). In this trial, we compared a combination of bone wax and colostomy paste versus bone wax...

    Authors: Wei Fan, Fushan Hou, Kun Xi, Chen Hao, Xiangdong Lu and Bin Zhao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:587

    Content type: Research article

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  45. We investigated the safety of primary hip and knee replacements with same day discharge (SDD) and their effect on length of stay (LOS) of traditional inpatient arthroplasties at our elective orthopaedic ward.

    Authors: Gyorgy Lovasz, Attila Aros, Ferenc Toth, John Va Faye and Marco La Malfa

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:585

    Content type: Research article

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