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  1. There are various skin suture techniques for wound closure following carpal tunnel release, and well-performed suturing will result in low post-operative scar tenderness. The aim of this study was to compare t...

    Authors: Sitthiphong Suwannaphisit, Wachirakorn Aonsong, Porames Suwanno and Varah Yuenyongviwat

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:565

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The tumor necrosis factor-stimulated gene-6 (TSG-6) has been confirmed to inhibit inflammation. It is now generally accepted that local inflammatory stimulation around shoulder capsule causes proliferative fib...

    Authors: Zhongfan Liu, Yongrong Pei, Hao Zeng, Yibo Yang, Meng Que, Yuhui Xiao, Jing Wang and Xiaojun Weng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:564

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Although femoral neck fractures (FNFs) are common in orthopedic departments, optimal treatment methods remain in dispute. There are few large nationwide studies, including basicervical FNFs (bFNFs), on epidemi...

    Authors: Jonas Sundkvist, Anders Brüggeman, Arkan Sayed-Noor, Michael Möller, Olof Wolf and Sebastian Mukka

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:561

    Content type: Research article

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  4. This study aimed to develop and validate an individualized nomogram to predict the risk of positive hidden blood loss (HBL) in patients with single-level thoracolumbar burst fracture (TBF) during the periopera...

    Authors: Haosheng Wang, Tingting Fan, Zhi-Ri Tang, Wenle Li, Linjing Liu and Qiang Lin

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:560

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Hidden blood loss (HBL) represents an important complication of unilateral biportal endoscopic (UBE) spine surgery. This study aimed to evaluate HBL and its possible risk factors among patients undergoing UBE ...

    Authors: Haosheng Wang, Kai Wang, Bin Lv, Wenle Li, Tingting Fan, Jianwu Zhao, Mingyang Kang, Rongpeng Dong and Yang Qu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:559

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of clozapine use on bone tissue by applying computerized tomography, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and histological and biomechanical analyses in an expe...

    Authors: Bahattin Kerem Aydin, Selim Safali, Memduha Aydin, Umran Egilmez, Hakan Cebeci, Murat Çelik and Ummuhan Abdulrezzak

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:558

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The pathogenesis of hematogenous orthopaedic implant-associated infections (HOIAI) remains largely unknown, with little understanding of the influence of the physis on bacterial seeding. Since the growth veloc...

    Authors: John M. Thompson, Alyssa G. Ashbaugh, Yu Wang, Robert J. Miller, Julie E. Pickett, Daniel L. J. Thorek, Robert S. Sterling and Lloyd S. Miller

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:556

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Cyclops lesion is the second most common cause of extension loss after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. This study focused on the correlation between the anatomy of the intercondylar notch and the in...

    Authors: Krzysztof Ficek, Jolanta Rajca, Jerzy Cholewiński, Agnieszka Racut, Paweł Gwiazdoń, Krzysztof Przednowek and Grzegorz Hajduk

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:554

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Knee anthropometric characteristics were evaluated for different ethnicities; however, data from North African populations are deficient. The primary aim was to investigate the Egyptian knees’ anthropometric c...

    Authors: Mohammad Kamal Abdelnasser, Ahmed A. Khalifa, Micheal Bassem, Mohammed Anter Abdelhameed, Mahmoud Faisal Adam, Hatem M. Bakr and Yaser E. Khalifa

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:552

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Trampoline-related fractures of the proximal tibial metaphysis are common in children and have been linked to subsequent valgus deformity of the tibia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characte...

    Authors: Changhoon Jeong, Sang Uk Lee, Hyun Gyun Kim and Sun Young Joo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:551

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a common degenerative condition of the spine that causes back pain radiating to the lower extremity. Surgical treatment is indicated to treat progressive radical symptoms. Obesi...

    Authors: Henni Myllykangas, Leena Ristolainen, Heikki Hurri, Jouni Lohikoski, Hannu Kautiainen, Ville Puisto, Heikki Österman and Mikko Manninen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:550

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The aim of this study was to quantify the incidence of and identify independent risk factors for decreased range of motion (ROM) of the knee joint after surgery for closed tibial plateau fractures in adults.

    Authors: Junyong Li, Junzhe Zhang, Kuo Zhao, Yanbin Zhu, Hongyu Meng, Zhucheng Jin, Dandan Ye, Wei Chen and Yingze Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:549

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Risk factors for the severity of patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) are poorly understood. This research aims to evaluate the association between patellofemoral joint (PFJ) morphology and alignment with the ...

    Authors: Yike Dai, Heyong Yin, Chongyang Xu, Hongrui Zhang, Ai Guo and Naicheng Diao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:548

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Chronic ruptures, ruptures following total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and re-ruptures of the quadriceps tendon (QT) are rare. A systematic review of the current literature was conducted on their treatment and ou...

    Authors: Francesco Oliva, Emanuela Marsilio, Filippo Migliorini and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:547

    Content type: Systematic review

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  15. Tranexamic acid (TXA) has shown significant reductions in blood loss and transfusion rates in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the optimal administration route continues to be debated. The aim of this t...

    Authors: Hui-ming Peng, Wei Wang, Jin Lin, Xi-sheng Weng, Wen-wei Qian and Wen-da Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:546

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Distal humerus fractures (DHFs) constitute one-third of elbow fractures approximately. In this study, we aim to define and analyze the fracture lines and morphological features of DHFs using mapping technique.

    Authors: Chao Wang, Yong Zhu, Haitao Long, Zhangyuan Lin, Ruibo Zhao, Buhua Sun, Shushan Zhao and Liang Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:545

    Content type: Research article

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  17. We aimed to evaluate risk factors and develop a nomogram for reoperation after internal fixation of nondisplaced femoral neck fractures (FNFs) in elderly patients.

    Authors: Jian Zhu, Hongzhi Hu, Xiangtian Deng, Yiran Zhang, Xiaodong Cheng, Zhanchao Tan, Yanbin Zhu and Yingze Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:544

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Focal chondral defects of the knee are common. Several surgical techniques have been proposed for the management of chondral defects: microfractures (MFX), osteochondral autograft transplantation (OAT), autolo...

    Authors: Filippo Migliorini, Jörg Eschweiler, Hanno Schenker, Alice Baroncini, Markus Tingart and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:543

    Content type: Systematic review

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  19. Pain catastrophizing and self-efficacy are useful for predicting pain; these are associated with pain intensity and facilitate evaluation of psychological factors. However, it remains unclear whether the effec...

    Authors: Junya Hirata, Minori Tomiyama, Yasuhiro Koike, Manabu Yoshimura and Keiko Inoue

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:542

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Ankle-subtalar joint complex instability is not uncommonly presented in the clinic, but symptoms and signs similar to other conditions can easily lead to its misdiagnosis. Due to the lack of appropriate animal...

    Authors: Peixin Liu, Kaiwen Chen, Shuo Wang, Chunzhuo Hua, Hongtao Zhang and Jia Yu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:541

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In-brace correction and brace compliance with thoraco-lumbo-sacral orthotic (TLSO) braces are associated with successful treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). This paper compares patients who had...

    Authors: Isabel Alvarez, Kiley Poppino, Lori Karol and Amy L. McIntosh

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:540

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The rotator cuff undergoes natural degeneration with age, leading to age-related rotator cuff tear; however, the precise mechanism remains unclear. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) concentrations rise w...

    Authors: Ryo Tazawa, Kentaro Uchida, Tomonori Kenmoku, Mitsufumi Nakawaki, Kyoko Muneshige, Daisuke Ishii, Gen Inoue and Masashi Takaso

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:539

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Fracture of the medial malleolus is one of the most frequent injuries treated surgically; however, the classification of the fracture has not attracted much attention and a good classification system is still ...

    Authors: Fangke Hu, Guoyun Bu, Jun Liang, Haijing Huang and Jinquan He

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:538

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Musculoskeletal disorders, especially in the feet, are common in people with Down syndrome (DS). Evaluation of podiatric footprints is important to prevent and manage orthopedic symptoms. The reliability of a ...

    Authors: Lourdes Gutiérrez-Vilahú and Myriam Guerra-Balic

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:537

    Content type: Systematic review

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  25. The prevalence of anaemia in patients planned for total hip and knee arthroplasty is about 20%. Optimising pre-operative haemoglobin levels by iron supplementation has been shown to decrease transfusion rates,...

    Authors: Viju Daniel Varghese, David Liu, Donald Ngo and Suzanne Edwards

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:536

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Free flaps have been a useful modality in the management of lower extremity osteomyelitis particularly in limb salvage. This study aimed to determine the factors affecting the outcome of free flap reconstructi...

    Authors: Duy Quang Thai, Yeon Kyo Jung, Hyung Min Hahn and Il Jae Lee

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:535

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a common problem. When surgical treatment is required, the intervention is typically decompression without fusion. Successful return-to-work (RTW) is a standard expectation with...

    Authors: Lauren A. Protzer, Steven D. Glassman, Praveen V. Mummaneni, Mohamad Bydon, Erica F. Bisson, Mladen Djurasovic and Leah Y. Carreon

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:534

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Osteoporosis affects mostly postmenopausal women, leading to deterioration of the microarchitectural bone structure and low bone mass, with an increased fracture risk with associated disability, morbidity and ...

    Authors: Filippo Migliorini, Nicola Maffulli, Giorgia Colarossi, Jörg Eschweiler, Markus Tingart and Marcel Betsch

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:533

    Content type: Systematic review

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  29. The current surgical treatment of choice is the combination surgical technique, involving tibial intramedullary fixation to maintain the mechanical axis and mechanical stability of tibial pseudarthrosis. In tr...

    Authors: Yaoxi Liu, Ge Yang, Guanghui Zhu, Qian Tan, Jiangyan Wu, Kun Liu, Jin Tang and Haibo Mei

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:532

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Volar locking plating remains a popular method for the surgical management of distal radius fractures. Dorsal metaphyseal comminution (DMC) is a common fracture pattern which weakens the stability during fract...

    Authors: Xue-yang Gui, Zhao-hui Cheng, Hong-fei Shi, Yi-xin Chen, Jin Xiong, Jun-fei Wang, Xu-sheng Qiu and Zi-tao Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:530

    Content type: Research article

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  31. To develop the novel self-reported spine functional scale (SSFS) and conduct reliability and validity analysis, so that the public can better understand their own spine function in a more simple and scientific...

    Authors: Wei Li, Jie Ding, Xiujuan Hao, Wenjun Jiang, Hongqiang Song, Yanming Zhang and Yan Tan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:529

    Content type: Research article

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  32. External fixator (EF) is a popular choice for open tibial fractures, but pin tract infection (PTI) and refracture are common complications. Elastic stable intramedullary nail (ESIN) has been reported in the tr...

    Authors: Pan Hong, Saroj Rai, Xin Tang, Ruikang Liu and Jin Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:528

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Preexisting severe cervical spinal cord compression is a significant risk factor in cervical hyperextension injury, and the neurological function may deteriorate after a slight force to the forehead. There are...

    Authors: Jian-jie Wang, Meng-lei Xu, Hui-zi Zeng, Liang-dong Zheng, Shi-jie Zhu, Chen Jin, Zhi-li Zeng, Li-ming Cheng and Rui Zhu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:527

    Content type: Research article

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  34. This study compared the failure load of the femoral insertion site of the anterior cruciate ligament between different portions and knee flexion angles.

    Authors: Shohei Yamauchi, Kyohei Ishibashi, Eiji Sasaki, Shizuka Sasaki, Yuka Kimura and Yasuyuki Ishibashi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:526

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Postmenopausal osteoporosis is characterized by an imbalance of bone resorption exceeding bone formation, resulting in a net loss of bone mass. Whether a menopause-related excess of iron contributes to the dev...

    Authors: Lu-lin Liu, Gong-wen Liu, Hui Liu, Kai Zhao and You-jia Xu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:525

    Content type: Research article

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  36. To investigate the necessity of nonstructural or structural intraarticular bone grafting in atlantoaxial facet joints via a posterior approach and the influence by the presence of basilar invagination (BI).

    Authors: Jun Zhu, Jian Wu, Keyu Luo, Zhong Wang, Huaijian Jin, Yufei Jin, Yingbo Wang, Mingyong Liu and Peng Liu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:524

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Osteosarcoma is one of the most common malignant neoplasms in children and adolescents. Studies have shown that metabolism-related pathways are vital for the development and metastasis of osteosarcoma. Long no...

    Authors: Xingyin Chen, Zhengyun Ye, Pan Lou, Wei Liu and Ying Liu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:523

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To explore the feasibility of sacral-2-alar (S2-alar) screw placement by measuring the length, diameter, and angle of the screw trajectory on computed tomography (CT).

    Authors: Yulin Zhao, Baisheng Yuan, Yijun Han and Binglei Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:522

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of antirheumatic drug treatment on knee function of stiff knee patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

    Authors: Cheng-Qi Jia, Xiao-Rui Guan, Zhi-Lai Zhao, Ji-Ying Chen and Xiang Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:521

    Content type: Research article

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  40. To evaluate the efficacy of ultra-early rehabilitation on elbow function after Slongo’s external fixation for supracondylar humeral fractures in older children and adolescents.

    Authors: Man He, Qian Wang, Jingxin Zhao and Yu Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:520

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (NONFH) is a devastating disease, and the risk factors associated with progression into collapse after core decompression (CD) remain poorly defined. Therefore, w...

    Authors: En-Ze Zhao, Zun-Han Liu, Wei-Nan Zeng, Zi-Chuan Ding, Zhen-Yu Luo and Zong-Ke Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:519

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Currently, patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are the standard instruments used to compare arthroplasty results. Goodman et al. recently published a well-constructed scale with excellent psychometric pr...

    Authors: Julián Brañes, Maximiliano Barahona, Sebastián Carvajal, Rodrigo Wulf and Cristián Barrientos

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:517

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Musculoskeletal conditions are highly prevalent, and knee OA is most common. Current treatment modalities have limitations and either fail to solve the underlying pathophysiology or are highly invasive. To add...

    Authors: Ashim Gupta, Nicola Maffulli, Hugo C. Rodriguez, R. Justin Mistovich, Kristin Delfino, Craig Cady, Anne-Marie Fauser, Echo D. Cundiff, Marte A. Martinez and Anish G. Potty

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:514

    Content type: Study protocol

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