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  1. Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) has been reported to be superior to open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in the treatment of different long bone fractures. Nevertheless, in distal fibula ...

    Authors: Cesare Marazzi, Matthias Wittauer, Michael T. Hirschmann and Enrique A. Testa

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:491

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The molecular mechanisms of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) remain to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the autophagy of spinal ligament fibroblasts deri...

    Authors: Yuehua Yang, Zunwen Lin, Jiangwei Chen, Sheng Ding, Weiwei Mao, Sheng Shi and Biru Liang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:490

    Content type: Research article

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  3. A number of minimally invasive sacroiliac (SI) joint fusion solutions for placing implants exist, with reduced post-operative pain and improved outcomes compared to open procedures. The objective of this study...

    Authors: Christopher Payne, Stephen Jaffee, Isaac Swink, Daniel Cook, Matthew Yeager, Michael Oh, Gary Schmidt, Derek P. Lindsey, Scott A. Yerby and Boyle Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:489

    Content type: Research article

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  4. To investigate the clinical efficacy and outcomes of skin stretch suturing with self-locking sliding Nice knots in the treatment of small- or medium-sized wounds.

    Authors: Jianmin Xu, Rui Chang, Wei Zhang, Chengcheng Zhang, Dezhi Zhu, Fanxiao Liu and Yongliang Yang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:488

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Distally based peroneal artery perforator-plus fasciocutaneous (DPAPF) flaps are widely used for reconstructing soft-tissue defects of the lower extremity. However, reports on the reconstruction of the defects...

    Authors: Ping Peng, Zhaobiao Luo, Guohua Lv, Jiangdong Ni, Jianwei Wei and Zhonggen Dong

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:487

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The anatomical sacral slope is considered as an anatomical pelvic parameter independent of femoral head centers for measurement of anatomical sacral slope and was previously described to strongly correlate wit...

    Authors: Norio Imai, Hayato Suzuki, Atsushi Sakagami, Yuki Hirano and Naoto Endo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:486

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Galuteolin (Galu) is a substance extracted and purified from honeysuckle. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of Galu on the TNF-α-induced RA-FLS cells (synoviocytes) and reveal its potential ...

    Authors: Yin Guan, Xiaoqian Zhao, Weiwei Liu and Yue Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:484

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Deep dead space may be thought as an independent risk factor of the poor infection control after flap reconstruction in complex limb wounds. But it can be easily neglected. The conventional skin flap and muscu...

    Authors: Gao-hong Ren, Da-yong Xiang, Xiao-hu Wu, Yun-biao Chen and Runguang Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:483

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Inadequate release of the posterior spinal bone elements may hinder the correction of the lumbosacral fractional curve in degenerative lumbar scoliosis, since the lumbosacral junction tends to be particularly ...

    Authors: Hui Wang, Longjie Wang, Zhuoran Sun, Shuai Jiang and Weishi Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:482

    Content type: Technical note

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  10. Patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis (OA) and presenting with symptoms are seeking conservative treatment options to reduce pain, improve function, and avoid surgery. Sustained acoustic medicine (SAM), a mul...

    Authors: Thomas M. Best, Stephanie Petterson and Kevin Plancher

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:481

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in local infiltration analgesia (LIA) as a technique to control postoperative pain. We compared this technique to the gold standard the 3 in 1 femoral ner...

    Authors: Michael Najfeld, Robert Hube, Ann-Kathrin Kujat, Hermann Otto Mayr and Kathi Thiele

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:480

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Transforaminal percutaneous endoscopic lumbar surgeries (PELS) for lumbar disc herniation and spinal stenosis are growing in popularity. However, there are some problems in the establishment of the working cha...

    Authors: Ning Fan, Shuo Yuan, Peng Du, Wenyi Zhu, Liang Li, Yong Hai, Hui Ding, Guangzhi Wang and Lei Zang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:479

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) are interwoven into our everyday lives and have grown enormously in some major fields in medicine including cardiology and radiology. While these specialt...

    Authors: Nicola Maffulli, Hugo C. Rodriguez, Ian W. Stone, Andrew Nam, Albert Song, Manu Gupta, Rebecca Alvarado, David Ramon and Ashim Gupta

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:478

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. The anatomical distribution of the extraforaminal ligaments in the cervical intervertebral foramina has been well studied. However, detailed descriptions of the biomechanical characteristics of these ligaments...

    Authors: Qinghao Zhao, Yemei Yang, Penghuan Wu, Chengyan Huang, Rusen Zhang, Qingchu Li and Benchao Shi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:477

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Juvenile hip osteoarthritis is often the end result of congenital conditions or acquired hip ailments occurred during the paediatric age. This study evaluated the middle term results of total hip arthroplasty ...

    Authors: Francesco Luceri, Ilaria Morelli, Carlo Maria Sinicato, Alberto Della Grazia, Fabio Verdoni, Nicola Maffulli, Giuseppe M. Peretti and Domenico Curci

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:476

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Growing evidence indicates that homocysteine is a noteworthy marker for general health status. However, research regarding plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) levels and bone mineral density (BMD) is sparse and c...

    Authors: Zhongxin Zhu, Changhua Liu, Xiao’e Li and Xiaocong Yao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:475

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has broken out and spread rapidly nationwide at the beginning of 2020, which has brought huge impacts to people and work. The current situation of prevention and control is ...

    Authors: Hui Zeng, Guoqing Li, Jian Weng, Ao Xiong, Chang Xu, Yifei Yang and Deli Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:474

    Content type: Research article

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  18. To evaluate the mid-long-term outcomes of surgical management of mono-segmental lumbar and lumbosacral spinal tuberculosis (TB) in adults by one-stage posterior debridement, single-segment fixation, and titani...

    Authors: Zhenchao Xu, Xiyang Wang and Zheng Liu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:473

    Content type: Research article

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  19. In total knee arthroplasty (TKA) a flexible intramedullary rod can be used to account for sagittal bowing of the distal femur. Although patients report better post-operative functional outcome when the flexibl...

    Authors: M. R. Bénard, R. F. M. van Doremalen, A. B. Wymenga and P. J. C. Heesterbeek

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:472

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  20. Delivery of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) via animal-derived absorbable collagen materials is used for the treatment of large bone defects. However, the administration of bovine proteins to humans is as...

    Authors: Ryo Tazawa, Kentaro Uchida, Hiroaki Minehara, Terumasa Matsuura, Tadashi Kawamura, Hiroyuki Sekiguchi, Kyoko Muneshige, Sho Inoue, Gen Inoue and Masashi Takaso

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:471

    Content type: Research article

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  21. To evaluate the diagnostic value of transcranial Doppler (TCD) and electroencephalography (EEG) in patients with vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI) during clinical diagnosis and treatment

    Authors: Changmin Ke, Chu-na Zheng, Juan Wang, Dongying Yao, Xiaojuan Fang, Yan Luo, Jianglin Wu, Xiaoqing Zheng and Peiping Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:470

    Content type: Research article

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  22. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Ye Han, Chunying Liu, Ming Lei, Shaosong Sun, Wenkui Zheng, Yanan Niu and Xi Xia

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:469

    Content type: Retraction Note

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    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:416

  23. Thus far, no meta-analysis focusing on the mid- to long-term incidence of adjacent segment disease requiring surgery after cervical total disc replacement and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion has been p...

    Authors: Yifei Deng, Guangzhou Li, Hao Liu, Ying Hong and Yang Meng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:468

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Whether using tissue adhesive alone after subcutaneous suture can close the skin incision with safety as well as cosmetic appearance after total hip arthroplasty was not clear.

    Authors: Li-Shen Wang, Xin-Yu Wang, Hao-tian Tu, Yi-Fan Huang, Xin Qi and Yu-Hang Gao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:467

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Distal tibial tuberosity high tibial osteotomy (DTT-HTO) can prevent distalization of the tibial tuberosity and thus patellar infera. However, no studies on the clinical and radiological effects of DTT-HTO on ...

    Authors: Changxiao Han, Xia Li, Xiangdong Tian, Jiping Zhao, Liqun Zhou, Yetong Tan, Sheng Ma, Yuanyi Hu, Handong Chen and Ye Huang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:466

    Content type: Research article

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  26. A growing number of patients continue to receive total knee replacement (TKR) surgery. Nevertheless, such surgeries result in moderate to severe postoperative pain and difficulty in managing it. Musical interv...

    Authors: Rongguo Yu, Youguang Zhuo, Eryou Feng, Wulian Wang, Wentao Lin, Feitai Lin, Zhanglai Li, Liqiong Lin, Lili Xiao, Haiyang Wang, Yuting Huang, Chunlin Wu and Yiyuan Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:465

    Content type: Systematic review

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  27. In gunshot and shell fragment injuries to the hip joint, orthopedic intervention includes wound assessment and care, osteosynthesis of fractures, and avoiding of infection and osteoarthritis. Individuals injur...

    Authors: Raif Özden, Serkan Davut, Yunus Doğramacı, Aydıner Kalacı, İbrahim Gökhan Duman and Vedat Uruç

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:464

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Bone defects can be seen everywhere in the clinic, but it is still a challenge for clinicians. Bibliometrics tool CiteSpace is based on the principle of “co-citation analysis theory” to reveal new technologies...

    Authors: Haixiong Lin, Xiaotong Wang, Minling Huang, Zige Li, Zhen Shen, Junjie Feng, Huamei Chen, Jingjing Wu, Junyan Gao, Zheng Wen, Feng Huang and Ziwei Jiang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:463

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The conservative management of lateral epicondylitis is known to be a difficult-to-treat annoying condition. A treatment with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is often performed, but its efficacy remains controversial.

    Authors: A. J. Schwitzguebel, M. Bogoev, V. Nikolov, F. Ichane and A. Lädermann

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:462

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. Non-surgical treatment of primary patellar dislocation has a high risk of recurrent dislocation; thus, we tried to identify injuries in which sites of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) were most associ...

    Authors: Boyong Jiang, Chenggang Qiao, Yuting Shi, Yizhong Ren, Changxu Han, Yong Zhu and Yuyan Na

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:461

    Content type: Systematic review

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  31. Equine degenerative suspensory ligament desmitis (DSLD) is a systemic connective tissue disorder first identified in Peruvian Paso horses but afflicting other horse breeds as well. Inappropriate accumulation o...

    Authors: Abigail Haythorn, Madeline Young, James Stanton, Jian Zhang, P. O. E. Mueller and Jaroslava Halper

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:460

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) has been increasingly documented; however, its preoperative accurate diagnosis remains challenging. Furthermore, there is a dire need to identify appropriate and effective ...

    Authors: Yongyu Ye, Weishen Chen, Minghui Gu, Guoyan Xian, Baiqi Pan, Linli Zheng, Ziji Zhang and Puyi Sheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:459

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Microsurgical toe-to-hand transfer is a gold standard when it comes to repairing a thumb defect. Great toenail flap, thumbnail valva flap, free great toe, and second toe transplantation are the common methods ...

    Authors: Yefeng Yin, Xiaomei Tao, Yanzhao Li, Buhe Bao, Ying Ying, Tuya Bao and Jiangning Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:458

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Oral tranexamic acid (TXA) has been demonstrated to reduce the blood loss in primary total knee and hip arthroplasty, but the optimal regimen of oral TXA administration is still unknown. This study aimed to fi...

    Authors: Wei Ye, Yafang Liu, Wei Feng Liu, Xiao Long Li and Jianshu Shao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:457

    Content type: Systematic review

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  35. Even though several studies reported donor autologous nerve grafts for digital nerve defects, there is no report in the literature regarding acceptable graft for thumb nerves. The purpose of this study is to p...

    Authors: Hamid Namazi, Ahmad Sobhani, Saeed Gholamzadeh, Amirreza Dehghanian and Fatemeh Dehghani Nazhvani

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:456

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Full-thickness articular cartilage injury of the knee is a major cause of disability. The aim of this study is to assess the outcome of patients treated with differentiated to chondrocytes bone marrow mesenchy...

    Authors: Rodrigo Mardones, Alessio Giai Via, Gennaro Pipino, Claudio M. Jofre, Sara Muñoz, Edgar Narvaez and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:455

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Osteosarcoma (OS) is one of the most primary malignant bone tumors, mainly attracting children and young adults. The microRNAs are mentioned to play vital roles in many cancers, including OS. The purpose of th...

    Authors: Xijun Yi, Yafei Wang and Shijie Xu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:454

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Olecranon fracture is a common upper limb fracture, and several surgical approaches have been advocated for its fixation. To overcome the complications associated with common techniques, we present a novel sha...

    Authors: Demeng Xia, Panyu Zhou, Lei Li, Yan Xia, Zichen Hao, Yuntong Zhang and Shuogui Xu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:453

    Content type: Technical note

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  39. A large number of cases of pneumonia caused by novel β-coronavirus emerged in Hubei Province, China, at the end of 2019 and demonstrated great potential for transmission. At present, known independent risk fac...

    Authors: Haiying Zhou, Qianjun Jin and Hui Lu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:452

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Motor imagery (MI) is effective in improving motor performance in the healthy asymptomatic adult population. However, its possible effects among older orthopaedic patients are still poorly investigated. Theref...

    Authors: Armin H. Paravlic, Nicola Maffulli, Simon Kovač and Rado Pisot

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:451

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Because there is no single gold standard method for the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), the combination of valuable methods to evaluate infection appears to achieve a better diagnostic resul...

    Authors: Cheng Li, Christina Ojeda Thies, Chi Xu and Andrej Trampuz

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:450

    Content type: Research article

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  42. This study aimed to investigate the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) in elective foot and ankle surgeries and identify the associated risk factors.

    Authors: Jinghong Meng, Yanbin Zhu, Yansen Li, Tao Sun, Fengqi Zhang, Shiji Qin and Haitao Zhao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:449

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Spacer complications may affect final clinical outcome of the two-stage approach in periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) patients. This study aimed to investigate clinical outcomes and complications of augment...

    Authors: Jun Fu, Yi Xiang, Ming Ni, Jiying Chen, Xiang Li, Baozhan Yu, Kan Liu, Yonggang Zhou and Libo Hao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:448

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Cemented or uncemented total hip replacement (CTR or UTR) for femoral neck fractures (AO/OTA type 31B/C) is a relatively common procedure in elderly individuals. The recent literature is limited regarding long...

    Authors: Shuai Mao, Baomin Chen, Ying Zhu, Liang Qian, Jinluan Lin, Xinchao Zhang, Weiguang Yu and Guowei Han

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:447

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Cannulated pedicle screw (CPS) augmented by polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) can achieve satisfactory clinical efficacy in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis with osteoporosis. However, accurate applicatio...

    Authors: Yao-yao Liu, Jun Xiao, Huai-jian Jin, Zhong Wang, Xiang Yin, Ming-yong Liu, Jian-hua Zhao, Peng Liu and Fei Dai

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:446

    Content type: Research article

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  46. With respect to spinal surgeries, elucidating absolute and relative amount of hidden blood loss (HBL) is of great importance in order to avoid aforementioned potential complications. To evaluate HBL and its po...

    Authors: Yuanxing Zhou, Xin Fu, Ming Yang, Song Ke, Bo Wang and Zhonghai Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:445

    Content type: Research article

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  47. There is conflicting evidence regarding the association between cam morphological changes and hip pain, and it remains unclear who with cam morphology will develop hip pain and who will not. This study aimed t...

    Authors: Josefin Abrahamson, Pall Jónasson, Mikael Sansone, Anna Swärd Aminoff, Carl Todd, Jón Karlsson and Adad Baranto

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:444

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Prosthesis of antibiotic-loaded acrylic cement (PROSTALAC) is widely used in two-stage revision arthroplasty in periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total hip arthroplasty (THA). In our institution, we e...

    Authors: Jing-Yao Jin, Taek-Rim Yoon, Kyung-Soon Park, Sheng-Yu Jin, Dong-Min Jung and Qing-Song Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:443

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Lumbar lordosis (LL) can be restored, and screw-related complications may be avoided with the stand-alone expandable cage method. However, the long-term spinopelvic changes and safety remain unknown. We aimed ...

    Authors: Seung-Kook Kim, Ogeil Mubarak Elbashier, Su-chan Lee and Woo-Jin Choi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:442

    Content type: Research article

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