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  1. Lumbar spondylolysis and isthmic spondylolisthesis are common conditions. However, double-level lumbar spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis are rare. We report 24 cases of it along with a review of literature a...

    Authors: Shengtao Zhang, Conglin Ye, Qi Lai, Xiaolong Yu, Xuqiang Liu, Tao Nie, Haibo Zhan, Min Dai and Bin Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:55
  2. The ATTUNE Knee by DePuy Synthes was introduced in 2013. It is designed to provide better range of motion and address patient-reported instability. The PFC Sigma Knee, an earlier prosthesis by DePuy Synthes, i...

    Authors: Brian W. Carey and James Harty
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:54
  3. Contaminated traumatic open orthopedic wounds are frequently complicated by polymicrobial contamination and infection. In high-risk wounds, the standard of care comprises debridement and irrigation combined wi...

    Authors: David J. Tennent, Stefanie M. Shiels, Jessica A. Jennings, Warren O. Haggard and Joseph C. Wenke
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:53
  4. Diabetes mellitus (DM) and low back pain which is mainly caused by degeneration of the intervertebral discs (IVDs) both are major public health problem worldwide. The present study was designed to investigate ...

    Authors: Xiaoming Liu, Fumin Pan, Zhaoyu Ba, Shanjin Wang and Desheng Wu
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:52
  5. Both single-bundle (SB) and double-bundle (DB) techniques were widely used in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction recently. Nevertheless, up to now, no consensus has been reached on whether the DB ...

    Authors: Haitao Chen, Biao Chen, Kai Tie, Zhengdao Fu and Liaobin Chen
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:50
  6. This meta-analysis aimed to assess whether the specific nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) naproxen has a role in reducing the occurrence of heterotopic ossification after hip surgery.

    Authors: Ran Ma, Guan-Hong Chen, Liu-Jing Zhao and Xi-Cheng Zhai
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:48
  7. An increasing number of studies have investigated associations between collagen IX alpha 2 chain (COL9A2) and collagen IX alpha 3 chain (COL9A3) gene polymorphisms and the risk of lumbar disc degeneration (LDD...

    Authors: Huihong Wu, Siting Wang, Weiyou Chen, Xinli Zhan, Zengming Xiao, Hua Jiang and Qingjun Wei
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:47
  8. Intertrochanteric hip fractures are common and devastating injuries especially for the elderly. Surgical treatment is the optimal strategy for managing intertrochanteric fractures as it allows early rehabilita...

    Authors: Leo Nherera, Paul Trueman, Alan Horner, Tracy Watson and Alan J. Johnstone
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:46
  9. Achilles tendon injuries are one of the most common tendon injuries. Surgical treatment is preferred in young and active patients. Although there are studies which evaluate the repair area with magnetic resona...

    Authors: Yavuz Selim Karatekin, Bedri Karaismailoglu, Gokhan Kaynak, Tahir Ogut, Atilla Suleyman Dikici, Emel Ure Esmerer, Onder Aydingoz and Huseyin Botanlioglu
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:45
  10. The original publication of this article [1] contained the wrong versions of tables 1, 2 and 3. In this correction the updated tables are published. The original publication has been updated.

    Authors: Youngrak Choi, Young-woo Kwon, Young-suk Sim, Taeho Kim, Dayoung Song and Soohyun Lee
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:44

    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2017 12:192

  11. Posterior short-segment pedicle screw fixation is used to treat thoracolumbar burst fractures. However, no randomized controlled studies have compared the efficacy of the two approaches––the Wiltse’s paraspina...

    Authors: Zhi-da Chen, Jin Wu, Xiao-tao Yao, Tao-yi Cai, Wen-rong Zeng and Bin Lin
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:43
  12. Decompressive laminectomy (DI) is a standard operation for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) patient with severe claudication symptoms for many years. However, patients whose symptom severity does not meet undergoi...

    Authors: He Zhao, Li-Jun Duan, Yu-Shan Gao, Yong-Dong Yang, Ding-Yan Zhao, Xiang-Sheng Tang, Zhen-guo Hu, Chuan-Hong Li, Si-Xue Chen, Tao Liu and Xing Yu
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:42

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:138

  13. Most of the current available cervical disc prostheses present a flat surface instead of an arcuate surface which is most similar to the morphology of cervical endplate. Therefore, we designed a novel prosthes...

    Authors: Jigang Lou, Yuanchao Li, Beiyu Wang, Yang Meng, Quan Gong and Hao Liu
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:41
  14. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common and severe complication of total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Inflammation has been proved to play a role in DVT. The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the platelet t...

    Authors: Chen Yao, Zhe Zhang, Yao Yao, Xingquan Xu, Qing Jiang and Dongquan Shi
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:40
  15. S1-AI technique may be used as a salvage technique in pelvic fixation of complex spinal deformity surgery. However, the proper detailed parameters in the Chinese population has not been analyzed before to inst...

    Authors: Yao Wang, Wenhao Hu, Fanqi Hu, Hao Zhang, Tianhao Wang, Yan Wang and Xuesong Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:39
  16. Oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) offers the solution to problems of anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) and lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF). However, OLIF technique for degenerative spinal di...

    Authors: Chengzhen Jin, Milin S. Jaiswal, Sin-Soo Jeun, Kyeong-Sik Ryu, Jung-Woo Hur and Jin-Sung Kim
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:38

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:102

  17. In the original publication of this article [1] there was an error in one of the author names. In this publication the correct and incorrect name are indicated.

    Authors: Carlos G. Helguero, Vamiq M. Mustahsan, Sunjit Parmar, Sahana Pentyala, John L. Pfail, Imin Kao, David E. Komatsu and Srinivas Pentyala
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:37

    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2017 12:195

  18. Early detection followed by prompt intervention is essential for the treatment of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). D-dimer, a fibrin degradation product, characteristically changes rapidly during early po...

    Authors: Yong Seuk Lee, Young-Kyun Lee, Seung Bum Han, Chang Hyun Nam, Javad Parvizi and Kyung-Hoi Koo
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:36
  19. Reports of diverse outcomes in modular mini-keel tibial componentry for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have raised concerns about early aseptic loosening. Cruciate-retaining (CR) prostheses, using mini-keel imp...

    Authors: Cheng-Pang Yang, Kuo-Yao Hsu, Yu-Han Chang, Yi-Sheng Chan, Hsin-Nung Shih and Alvin Chao-Yu Chen
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:35
  20. To investigate the distribution and characteristics of the lumbar intervertebral disc height (IDH) in asymptomatic Asian population and to determine whether the lumbar IDH is related to the lumbar spine sagitt...

    Authors: Feng Zhang, Kai Zhang, Hai-Jun Tian, Ai-Min Wu, Xiao-Fei Cheng, Tang-Jun Zhou and Jie Zhao
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:34
  21. Clinical results have shown that different vertebral heights have been restored post-augmentation of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) and the treatment results are consistent. However, no s...

    Authors: Wen-Tao Zhao, Da-Ping Qin, Xiao-Gang Zhang, Zhi-Peng Wang and Zun Tong
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:32
  22. Thyroid cartilage is an important barrier in anterior cervical approach surgery. The objective of this study is to establish normative values for thyroid cartilage at three planes and to determine their signif...

    Authors: Ying-zhao Yan, Chong-an Huang, Qi Jiang, Yi Yang, Jian Lin, Ke Wang, Xiao-bin Li, Hai-hua Zheng and Xiang-yang Wang
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:31
  23. Surgeries performed for metastatic spinal tumor are mostly palliative and are controversial for patients with short life expectancy. We investigated whether palliative posterior spinal stabilization surgery wi...

    Authors: Hiroshi Uei, Yasuaki Tokuhashi, Masafumi Maseda, Masahiro Nakahashi, Hirokatsu Sawada, Enshi Nakayama and Hirotoki Soma
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:30
  24. Hospital length of stay (LOS) after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has decreased obviously following the implementation of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program in the last few years. However, ...

    Authors: Shaoyun Zhang, Qiang Huang, Jinwei Xie, Bin Xu, Guorui Cao and Fuxing Pei
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:29
  25. The aim of this study is to determine the functional long-term outcome after non-operative and operative treatment of radial neck fractures in adults.

    Authors: Holger Keil, Marc Schnetzke, Arpine Kocharyan, Sven Yves Vetter, Nils Beisemann, Benedict Swartman, Paul-Alfred Grützner and Jochen Franke
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:28
  26. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and causes of non-fusion segment disease (NFSD), both adjacent and non-adjacent to a fused segment, after anterior cervical arthrodesis.

    Authors: Ziqiang Wang, Liangliang Zhou, Bin Lin, Keran Song, Qinghe Niu, Dongfeng Ren and Jiaguang Tang
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:27
  27. Little data is available about comparison of the incidence and clinical characteristics of the C5 palsy between patients of cervical myelopathy with occupying ratio greater than 50% and those with occupying ra...

    Authors: Guangdong Chen, Yifan Wang, Zhidong Wang, Ruofu Zhu, Huilin Yang and Zongping Luo
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:26
  28. Nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is treated with a series of methods. High-energy extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is an option with promising mid-term outcomes. The objective of t...

    Authors: Kai Xie, Yuanqing Mao, Xinhua Qu, Kerong Dai, Qingwei Jia, Zhenan Zhu and Mengning Yan
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:25
  29. Proximal humeral fracture is a common fracture. Different approaches have been utilized in the surgical intervention of three-part fractures. Our study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes and effectiveness of...

    Authors: Zhuo Zhang, Gongzi Zhang, Ye Peng, Xiang Wang, Hui Guo, Wei Zhang, Peifu Tang and Lihai Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:24
  30. Polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK), cobalt-chromium-molybdenum (CoCrMo), and highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) are biomaterials used in orthopedic implants; their wear particles are considered to induce peri...

    Authors: Zhe Du, Zhonglin Zhu and You Wang
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:23
  31. The unilateral biportal endoscopic (UBE) technique is a minimally invasive procedure for spinal surgery, while open microscopic discectomy is the most common surgical treatment for ruptured or herniated discs ...

    Authors: Seung-Kook Kim, Sang-Soo Kang, Young-Ho Hong, Seung-Woo Park and Su-Chan Lee
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:22
  32. The anatomical axis of the femur is crucial for determining the correct alignment in corrective osteotomies of the knee, total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and retrograde and antegrade femoral intramedullary naili...

    Authors: Hamidreza Yazdi, Ara Nazarian, John Y. Kwon, Mary G. Hochman, Reza Pakdaman, Poopak Hafezi, Morteza Ghahremani, Samad Joudi and Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:21
  33. The cervicothoracic junction (CTJ) site accounts for approximately 10% of all spinal metastases. The complex anatomical and biomechanical features increase the difficulty in surgical treatment of the CTJ metas...

    Authors: Zemin Li, Houqing Long, Rui Guo, Jinghui Xu, Xiaobo Wang, Xing Cheng, Yangliang Huang and Fobao Li
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:20
  34. It is difficult to repair cartilage damage when cartilage undergoes trauma or degeneration. Cartilage tissue engineering is an ideal treatment method to repair cartilage defects, but at present, there are stil...

    Authors: Shilei Wang, Yan Bao, Yinjie Guan, Chunqiu Zhang, Haiying Liu, Xu Yang, Lilan Gao, Tongtong Guo and Qian Chen
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:19
  35. The function of the endplate (EP) is the most important factor influencing nutritional supply to the avascular intervertebral disc (IVD). It is desired to have a non-invasive method to assess functional EP cha...

    Authors: Hanna Hebelka, Andreia Miron, Izabela Kasperska, Helena Brisby and Kerstin Lagerstrand
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:18
  36. Hip fracture is commonly associated with an overwhelming inflammatory response, which may lead to high rates of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the functions ...

    Authors: Xiaobin Chen, Jianzheng Zhang, Zhi Liu, Simeng Zhang and Tiansheng Sun
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:17
  37. The aim of the study is to compare the effects of exercise therapy with chondroitin sulfate (CS) therapy in an experimental model of osteoarthritis (OA).

    Authors: Ning Ma, Tingting Wang, Lianyu Bie, Yang Zhao, Lidong Zhao, Shai Zhang, Li Gao and Jianhua Xiao
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:16
  38. To conduct radiologic anatomical study on the relation between S1 sacroiliac screws’ entry points and the route of the pelvic outer superior gluteal artery branches with the aim to provide the anatomical basis...

    Authors: Yong Zhao, Libo You, Wei Lian, Dexin Zou, Shengjie Dong, Tao Sun, Shudong Zhang, Dan Wang, Jingning Li, Wenliang Li and Yuchi Zhao
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:15
  39. An increased perioperative complication rate has been a concern with one-stage bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the perioperative safety and...

    Authors: Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Arata Watanabe, Tetsuya Komatsuzaki, Tomonori Kinugasa and Kotaro Ikeda
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:14
  40. Very severe osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (vsOVCFs) are osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with vertebral body collapse to less than one third of their original height. Few data are av...

    Authors: Heng Wang, Zongyu Zhang, Yijie Liu and Weimin Jiang
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:13
  41. Proximal tibia fractures are one of the most familiar fractures. Surgical approaches are usually needed for anatomical reduction. However, no single treatment method has been widely established as the standard...

    Authors: Fancheng Chen, Xiaowei Huang, Yingsun Ya, Fenfen Ma, Zhi Qian, Jifei Shi, Shuolei Guo and Baoqing Yu
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:12
  42. Incomplete sesamoid reduction is a potential risk factor for the recurrence of hallux valgus. The purpose of this study was to radiologically investigate changes in sesamoid position after chevron osteotomy an...

    Authors: Young Rak Choi, Sang-June Lee, Jun Hyun Kim, Tae Ho Kim and Chi Hoon Oh
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:11
  43. No clear trend has emerged from the literature regarding three-dimensional (3D) translations of the humerus relative to the scapula in shoulders with rotator cuff tears (RCTs). The purpose of this study was to...

    Authors: Naoya Kozono, Takamitsu Okada, Naohide Takeuchi, Satoshi Hamai, Hidehiko Higaki, Takeshi Shimoto, Satoru Ikebe, Hirotaka Gondo, Yoshitaka Nakanishi, Takahiro Senju and Yasuharu Nakashima
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:9
  44. The onset of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA) may expand or enlarge and subsequently lead to significant mortality. The objective of this study was to investigate poten...

    Authors: Ju Tang, Wei Zhu, Xiaoliang Mei and Zhenxiang Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:8
  45. Evaluation of infection persistence during the two-stage exchange of the hip is challenging. Joint aspiration before reconstruction is supposed to rule out infection persistence. Sensitivity and specificity of...

    Authors: Sebastian Philipp Boelch, Manuel Weissenberger, Frederik Spohn, Maximilian Rudert and Martin Luedemann
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:7
  46. This study investigated the risk factors for postoperative complications requiring revision surgery within 3 years after transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy (TRO) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH).

    Authors: Kazuyuki Karasuyama, Goro Motomura, Satoshi Ikemura, Jun-ichi Fukushi, Satoshi Hamai, Kazuhiko Sonoda, Yusuke Kubo, Takuaki Yamamoto and Yasuharu Nakashima
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:6

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