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  1. In this study, we investigated the epidemiological characteristics and predictors of preoperative new-onset deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in adult patients with closed distal femur fractures (DFFs).

    Authors: Junzhe Zhang, Kuo Zhao, Junyong Li, Hongyu Meng, Yanbin Zhu and Yingze Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:559

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Several methods have been proposed to reduce plate construct stiffness and promote secondary bone healing. In this study, we explored the stiffness and strength of the new carbon fiber-reinforced poly-ether-et...

    Authors: Kaihua Zhou, Xiaojian He, Xingguang Tao, Fugen Pan and Huilin Yang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:558

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Although literature provides evidence regarding the superiority of surgery over conservative treatment in patients with lumbar disc herniation, recurrent lumbar disc herniation (RLDH) was the indication for re...

    Authors: Min-Seok Kang, Jin-Ho Hwang, Dae-Jung Choi, Hoon-Jae Chung, Jong-Hwa Lee, Hyong-Nyun Kim and Hyun-Jin Park

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:557

    Content type: Technical note

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  4. Many studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and local corticosteroid injection (LCI) for the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), and some studies showed ...

    Authors: Wenhao Li, Chunke Dong, Hongyu Wei, Zhencheng Xiong, Liubo Zhang, Jun Zhou, Yanlei Wang, Jipeng Song and Mingsheng Tan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:556

    Content type: Systematic review

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  5. Hereditary multiple exostosis (HME) often involves forearm deformities. The aim of this study was to present the clinical results of 37 children who underwent ulnar lengthening with two different types of unil...

    Authors: Chao Zheng, Huanli Han and Yujiang Cao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:555

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Patients with greater tuberosity fractures of the humerus often require surgery. Therefore, there is a need to find a minimally invasive and effective surgical procedure with great patient outcomes.

    Authors: Xiaocong Lin, Xiuxi Huang, Kaibin Fang and Zhangsheng Dai

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:554

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) is a dynamic system of psychometrically sound patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures. There has been a recent increase in the use of PROMIS...

    Authors: Maggie E. Horn, Emily K. Reinke, Logan J. Couce, Bryce B. Reeve, Leila Ledbetter and Steven Z. George

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:553

    Content type: Systematic review

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  8. Osteoarthritis (OA), a refractory disease, is one of the leading contributors for disability worldwide. Since chondrocyte is the only resident cell in cartilage, this study aims to explore the roles of miR-129...

    Authors: Ruixiong Chen, Baoqing Ye, Han Xie, Yuliang Huang, Zhehui Wu, Hongbo Wu, Xiaofeng Wang, Haixiong Miao and Weiguo Liang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:552

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Posterior cervical pedicle screw (CPS) internal fixation has better biomechanical stability than other posterior cervical fixation methods. However, this technique is limited in clinical practice due to the co...

    Authors: Hang Shi, Lei Zhu, Jun Ma, Yu-Cheng Zhu and Xiao-Tao Wu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:551

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Due to atypical clinical symptoms, it is difficult to diagnose joint tuberculosis infection, which often results in misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis. It is easy to cause joint disability. And there are few re...

    Authors: Yanwei He, Juncai Liu, Zhi Wang, Peng Zhou, Xiangtian Deng, Li Yang, Zan Chen and Zhong Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:550

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence, location, and related factors of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the bilateral lower extremities after intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly.

    Authors: Jinzeng Zuo and Yongcheng Hu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:549

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The objective of this study was to predict the function of the forearm rotation on the basis of the articular surface of the sigmoid notch from three-dimensional reconstruction images.

    Authors: Lingde Kong, Meng Fu, Jian Lu, Yanqing Zhou, Zuzhuo Zhang and Bing Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:548

    Content type: Research article

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  13. During the posterior approach, it has been shown that a significant reduction in dislocation rate can be achieved with the repair of the posterior soft tissue. However, no consensus exists about the best way t...

    Authors: Changjiao Sun, Xiaofei Zhang, Qi Ma, Ruiyong Du, Xu Cai and Huadong Yang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:547

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Anemia is one of severe complications in the perioperative period of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Erythropoietin (EPO) has been considered to improve patients’ anemia state, but its efficiency and safety rema...

    Authors: Ru-xin Ruan, Chao-wen Bai, Le Zhang, Chao-ran Huang, Sheng Pan, Xing-chen Zhang, Zheng-ya Zhu, Xin Zheng and Kai-jin Guo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:546

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Both compartmental knee arthroplasty (CKA) and open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) may be used to treat patients older than 50 years of age with advanced compartmental osteoarthritis (OA) secondary to leg a...

    Authors: Filippo Migliorini, Arne Driessen, Francesco Oliva, Gayle D. Maffulli, Markus Tingart and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:545

    Content type: Systematic review

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  16. The objective of this study was to retrospectively compare initial procedure and 12-month follow-up hospitalization charges and resource utilization (lengths of stay; LOS) for lumbar fusion surgeries using eit...

    Authors: Bradley Wetzell, Julie B. McLean, Mark A. Moore, Venkateswarlu Kondragunta and Kimberly Dorsch

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:544

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Muscle weakness is associated with osteoarthritis pathology. A recent study demonstrated that measuring muscle volume using computed tomography (CT)-based analysis and comparing bilateral muscles in the same p...

    Authors: Ayumi Tsukada, Kentaro Uchida, Jun Aikawa, Shotaro Takano, Dai Iwase, Manabu Mukai, Masayuki Miyagi, Yuta Nanri, Gen Inoue and Masashi Takaso

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:543

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The differences in the clinical and functional outcomes of closed reduction and percutaneous pin fixation and open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF) using plate and screws have been systematically synthe...

    Authors: Xiangting Zhu, Hongwei Zhang, Jingying Wu, Shiwei Wang and Lin Miao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:542

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) can cause considerable blood loss and perioperative transfusion in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. This study aimed to identify the factors related to blood loss in AS patien...

    Authors: Liangliang Li, Jun Fu, Chi Xu, Haitao Guan, Ming Ni, Wei Chai, Libo Hao, Yonggang Zhou and Jiying Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:541

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The Ganz’ periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) consists of four technically challenging osteotomies (OT), namely, supraacetabular (saOT), pubic (pOT), ischial (iOT), and retroacetabular OT (raOT).

    Authors: Pascal Kiarostami, Cyrill Dennler, Simon Roner, Reto Sutter, Philipp Fürnstahl, Mazda Farshad, Stefan Rahm and Patrick O. Zingg

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:540

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Collapse risk of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is estimated mainly based on static indicators, including lesion size and lesion location, but bone repairing is a dynamic process that lasts for years...

    Authors: Zeqing Huang, Biao Tan, Hengli Ye, Fanyu Fu, Rongtian Wang and Weiheng Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:539

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Although serum albumin levels are increasingly used as an indicator of nutritional status in the clinic, the relationship between perioperative hypoalbuminemia and wound complications after posterior lumbar in...

    Authors: Zhongyuan He, Kai Zhou, Ke Tang, Zhengxue Quan, Shaoyu Liu and Bao Su

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:538

    Content type: Research article

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  23. To evaluate the biomechanical properties of short-segment Schanz screw implanted in an oblique downward direction for the treatment of lumbar 1 burst fracture using a finite element analysis.

    Authors: Jifeng Liu, Sheng Yang, Fei Zhou, Jianmin Lu, Chunyang Xia, Huanhuan Wang and Chao Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:537

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Instrumentation failure (IF) is a common complication after total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) in spinal tumors. This study aims to evaluate the clinical outcomes of TES combined with the satellite rod techniqu...

    Authors: Hongyu Wei, Chunke Dong, Jun Wu, Yuting Zhu and Haoning Ma

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:536

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Cemented vertebrae frequently re-fracture after vertebroplasty to treat osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) with large clefts. We compared the efficacy of planned and central-clefted puncture,...

    Authors: Chi Li, Yang Zhou, Min-yu Zhu, Yu Wang, Zheng-mao Zhang, Hong-lin Teng and Jing Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:535

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Local treatment in pelvic Ewing sarcoma (ES) consists of operation, radiation therapy, or a combination of both. Reported outcomes vary depending on the treatment modality performed. It is the objective of thi...

    Authors: Wiebke K. Guder, Jendrik Hardes, Markus Nottrott, Anne Juliane Steffen, Uta Dirksen and Arne Streitbürger

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:534

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The role of cement-augmented screw fixation for calcaneal fracture treatment remains unclear. Therefore, this study was performed to biomechanically analyze screw osteosynthesis by reinforcement with either a ...

    Authors: Konrad F. Fuchs, Philipp Heilig, Miriam McDonogh, Sebastian Boelch, Uwe Gbureck, Rainer H. Meffert, Stefanie Hoelscher-Doht and Martin C. Jordan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:533

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The months prior to elective surgery may present an opportunity for patients to initiate behavior changes that will simultaneously ready them for surgery and improve their overall health status. An upcoming el...

    Authors: Michael W. Seward, Brielle J. Antonelli, Nancy Giunta, Richard Iorio, Wolfgang Fitz, Jeffrey K. Lange, Vivek M. Shah and Antonia F. Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:531

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. There are various techniques to reduce blood loss in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), including the use of a tourniquet and tranexamic acid (TXA). In this study, we studied the combined effect of TXA with a tour...

    Authors: Yimin Zhang, Bao Lang, Guifeng Zhao and Fengming Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:530

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) works in association with the medial patellotibial ligament (MPTL) and the medial patellomeniscal ligament (MPML) to impart stability to the patellofemoral joint. The ...

    Authors: Rocco Aicale and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:529

    Content type: Systematic review

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  31. High tibial osteotomy (HTO) has a history of nearly 60 years and has been widely used in clinical practice. Biplanar open wedge high tibial osteotomy (BOWHTO), which evolved from HTO, is an important therapy f...

    Authors: Zheng Li, Yannong Wang, Guanglei Cao, Shuai An, Mingli Feng, Liwei Wang, Xi Wang, Guangzhong Yang, Guanghan Gao, Shuai Wang, Xufeng Jiao and Lei Ding

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:528

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Musculoskeletal injuries and conditions affect millions of individuals. These ailments are typically managed by immobilization, physiotherapy, or activity modification. Regenerative medicine has experienced tr...

    Authors: Benjamin J. Main, Josiah A. Valk, Nicola Maffulli, Hugo C. Rodriguez, Manu Gupta, Ian W. Stone, Saadiq F. El-Amin III and Ashim Gupta

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:527

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. The aim of the study was to evaluate the change of subchondral bone collagen and trabecular bone in the weight-bearing area of femoral head from patients with osteoarthritis (OA) or osteonecrosis of femoral he...

    Authors: Zongyi Wu, Bingzhang Wang, Jiahao Tang, Bingli Bai, Sheji Weng, Zhongjie Xie, Zijian Shen, Deyi Yan, Liang Chen, Jingdong Zhang and Lei Yang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:526

    Content type: Research article

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  34. To assess the clinical effect of staged joint replacement for the treatment of septic arthritic knee and the therapeutic differences between antibiotic cement beads and the tibial plateau spacer.

    Authors: Ming Ni, Jun Fu, Tao Deng, Erlong Niu, Chi Xu, Xiang Li, Wei Chai, Guoqiang Zhang and Jiying Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:525

    Content type: Research article

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  35. This study aimed to investigate the three-dimensional (3D) anatomical relationship between the suprascapular nerve and scapula, and the method of protecting the suprascapular nerve in reverse total shoulder ar...

    Authors: Jianfeng Li, Junlin Zhou, Dong Wang, Dacun Li and Wentong Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:524

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair is a painful procedure, and treatment of emetic events associated with drugs used in the current multimodal pain management remains challenging. This study aimed to evaluate th...

    Authors: Sang-Uk Lee, Hyo-Jin Lee and Yang-Soo Kim

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:523

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In cases of prosthetic joint infections, culture of sonication fluid can supplement culture of harvested tissue samples for correct microbial diagnosis. However, discrepant results regarding the increased sens...

    Authors: Erik T. Sandbakken, Eivind Witsø, Bjørnar Sporsheim, Kjartan W. Egeberg, Olav A. Foss, Linh Hoang, Geir Bjerkan, Kirsti Løseth and Kåre Bergh

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:522

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Despite improvements in treatment options and techniques, articular cartilage repair continues to be a challenge for orthopedic surgeons. This study provides data to support that the 2-year Cryopreserved, Thin...

    Authors: Carolyn B. Rorick, Jordyn A. Mitchell, Ruth H. Bledsoe, Michael L. Floren and Ross M. Wilkins

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:521

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Avascular necrosis (AVN) after pediatric femoral neck fracture (PFNF) showed poor prognosis, but its clinical and radiographic characteristics remained unclear.

    Authors: Pengfei Xin, Yonggang Tu, Zhinan Hong, Fan Yang, Fengxiang Pang, Qiushi Wei, Wei He and Ziqi Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:520

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Surgical treatment is necessary for scaphoid nonunion. Open surgery with a combined volar and dorsal approach is thought to have poor functional outcomes and a prolonged recovery course. However, the detailed ...

    Authors: Chen-Wei Yeh, Cheng-En Hsu, Wei-Chih Wang and Yung-Cheng Chiu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:519

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The surgical treatment of osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVF) is generally associated with a high risk of complications due to an aging population with osteoporosis; however, the detailed risk factors for s...

    Authors: Shingo Morishita, Toshitaka Yoshii, Atsushi Okawa, Hiroyuki Inose, Takashi Hirai, Masato Yuasa, Kiyohide Fushimi and Takeo Fujiwara

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:518

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is an effective treatment for end-stage, symptomatic unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee joint. However, patellofemoral joint degeneration is a contraindication...

    Authors: Hyuck Min Kwon, Jin-Ah Lee, Yong-Gon Koh, Kwan Kyu Park and Kyoung-Tak Kang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:517

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Osteoporosis (OP) has the characteristics of the decline in bone mineral density and worsening of bone quality, contributing to a higher risk of fractures. Some microRNAs (miRNAs) have been validated as possib...

    Authors: Huiqing Zhao, Yexiang Yang, Yang Wang, Xiaolei Feng, Adi Deng, Zhaolan Ou and Biying Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:515

    Content type: Research article

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  44. There is a controversy about the management of patients with a thoracolumbar burst fracture. Despite the success of the conservative treatment in most of the cases, some patients failed the conservative treatm...

    Authors: Ehsan Alimohammadi, Seyed Reza Bagheri, Paniz Ahadi, Sahar Cheshmehkaboodi, Homa Hadidi, Shokofeh Maleki and Alireza Abdi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:514

    Content type: Research article

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  45. No validated pre-operative cardiac risk stratification tool exists that is specific for total hip and total knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA, respectively). To reduce the risk of post-operative cardiac complicat...

    Authors: Yassin Elsiwy, Tristan Symonds, Kenji Doma, Kaushik Hazratwala, Matthew Wilkinson and Hayley Letson

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:513

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The purpose of this study is to comprehensively analyze the global application trend of high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and identify promising research hotspots of HTO based on bibliometrics and visual analysis.

    Authors: Haitao Zhang, Yinuo Fan, Rui Wang, Wenjun Feng, Jinlun Chen, Peng Deng, Xinyu Qi, Pengcheng Ye, Yijin Li, Jiahao Li, Jianchun Zeng and Yirong Zeng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:512

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Although many available surgical procedures for displaced femoral neck fractures in young patients, there are still many challenges to achieve satisfactory results. The incidence of avascular necrosis and nonu...

    Authors: Kai Huang, Xiaohui Fang, Guijun Li and Jiajun Yue

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:511

    Content type: Research article

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  48. The outcomes of patients with lung metastases from giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB) vary from spontaneous regression to uncontrolled growth. To investigate whether observation is an appropriate first-line manag...

    Authors: Shinji Tsukamoto, Giovanni Ciani, Andreas F. Mavrogenis, Cristina Ferrari, Manabu Akahane, Yasuhito Tanaka, Michele Rocca, Alessandra Longhi and Costantino Errani

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:510

    Content type: Research article

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