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  1. Content type: Research article

    Best surgical of recurrent anterior shoulder instability remained controversial. We knew little about the superiority and choice between traditional open and modern arthroscopic techniques. We hypothesized tha...

    Authors: Yingjie Xu, Kailun Wu, Qianli Ma, Lei Zhang, Yong Zhang, Wu Xu and Jiong Jiong Guo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:326

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  2. Content type: Research article

    TLR2 (Toll-like receptor 2) signaling and its downstream proinflammatory cytokines are considered to be important in the progression of peri-implantitis. A natural medicine, mangiferin has exhibited modulatory...

    Authors: Hao Li, Zhiyong Chen, Xinghua Zhong, Jiaquan Li and Wei Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:325

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Although there are several different kinds of fixation techniques for displaced comminuted patellar fracture, the treatment remains a challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. The purpose of this study is to evaluat...

    Authors: Yangyang Sun, Kuisheng Sheng, Qinghu Li, Dawei Wang and Dongsheng Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:324

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  4. Content type: Research article

    It was previously reported that pelvises with developmental dysplasia of the hip are tilted anteriorly, which increases bony coverage of the femoral head. This study aimed to investigate the correlation betwee...

    Authors: Norio Imai, Hayato Suzuki, Asami Nozaki, Yuki Hirano and Naoto Endo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:323

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Cervical kyphosis has been pointed out in asymptomatic populations. The purposes of this study were (1) to investigate the incidence of cervical kyphosis in asymptomatic populations, (2) to identify risk facto...

    Authors: Shuang Ao, Yu Liu, Yu Wang, Hao Zhang and Hui Leng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:322

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    Increased spinal cord motion has been proven to be a relevant finding within spinal canal stenosis disclosed by phase-contrast MRI (PC-MRI). Adapted PC-MRI is a suitable and reliable method within the well del...

    Authors: Katharina Wolf, Axel J. Krafft, Karl Egger, Jan-Helge Klingler, Ulrich Hubbe, Marco Reisert and Marc Hohenhaus

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:321

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Although internal fixation has been the main treatment option for elderly patients with an undisplaced femoral neck fracture, it is associated with a high reoperation rate. Some surgeons have discussed the use...

    Authors: Hsuan-Hsiao Ma, Te-Feng Arthur Chou, Shang-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Fong Chen, Po-Kuei Wu and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:320

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Laminectomy is usually classed as a common orthopedic surgery, but postoperative epidural fibrosis often leads to less-than-desirable clinical outcomes. As demonstrated by prior studies, emodin (EMO) exerts an...

    Authors: Guirun Xiong, Hui Chen, Qi Wan, Jihang Dai, Yu Sun, Jingcheng Wang and Xiaolei Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:319

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  9. Content type: Research article

    With over 2.35 million records, the National Joint Registry (NJR) is the largest arthroplasty registry in the world. It provides a powerful tool to monitor implant survivorship and influence different surgical...

    Authors: Irrum Afzal, Sarkhell Radha, Tomislav Smoljanović, Giles H. Stafford, Roy Twyman and Richard E. Field

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:318

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  10. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to develop a core outcome set (COS) for clinical trials of joint-preserving treatment for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), that is, to define a minimal set of outcomes that should be ...

    Authors: Zhipeng Xue, Jigao Sun, Taixian Li, Zeqing Huang and Weiheng Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:317

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Since the early 1990s, opioids have been used as a mainstay for pain management surrounding fracture injuries. As opioid dependence has become a major public health issue, it is important to understand what fa...

    Authors: Vani Janaki Sabesan, Kiran Chatha, Lucas Goss, Claudia Ghisa and Gregory Gilot

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:316

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  12. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to investigate the incidence and risk factors of postoperative urinary retention (POUR) among elderly patients who underwent hip fracture surgery and to evaluate the effect of indwelling cathe...

    Authors: Dae-Kyung Kwak, Chul-Young Oh, Jeong-Seop Lim, Hyung-Min Lee and Je-Hyun Yoo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:315

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid (HA) and a novel, on-site conjugate of HA with autologous fibrinogen in platelet-rich plasma (HA-PRP) in ...

    Authors: Mun-Ik Lee, Jun-Hyung Kim, Ho-Hyun Kwak, Heung-Myong Woo, Jeong-Hee Han, Avner Yayon, Yun-Chan Jung, Jin-Man Cho and Byung-Jae Kang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:314

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  14. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to assess the efficacy of water-filtered infrared A (wIRA) in sacroiliitis in male patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and the effect of wIRA therapy on serum vascular endothelial growth...

    Authors: Jian Xu, Yao Deng, Chun-Yan Yu, Zhao-Meng Gao, Xi-Rui Yang, Qi Zhang and Lei Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:313

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  15. Content type: Research article

    There are no published studies of the influence of geometry of the scapula on the postoperative recovery of rotator cuff injuries. Our aim was to explore the relationship between the critical shoulder angle (C...

    Authors: Xuchao Shi, Yuanlin Xu, Bo Dai, Weilong Li and Zhennian He

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:312

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In recent years, short segment internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty (SSF + VP) has provided a new option for the treatment of Kummell disease (KD). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effica...

    Authors: Wei Lu, Long Wang, Chunlin Xie, Zhaowei Teng, Gonghai Han, Rongmao Shi, Jinlong Liang and Sheng Lu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:311

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  17. Content type: Research article

    A novel hemipelvic endoprosthesis with a sacral hook was introduced previously, and its clinical outcome with midterm follow-up showed decreased prosthesis-related complications, especially decreased rate of a...

    Authors: Bo Wang, Peidong Sun, Hao Yao, Jian Tu, Xianbiao Xie, Jun Ouyang and Jingnan Shen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:309

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Partial or incomplete osteotomy (IO) of the phalanx is recently described in the literature. However, the clinical outcome and the rate of complications when applied to lesser toe deformities (LTD) have been n...

    Authors: Eduardo Nieto-García, Javier Ferrer-Torregrosa, Leonor Ramírez-Andrés, Elena Nieto-González, Alfonso Martinez-Nova and Carlos Barrios

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:308

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is the common chronic degenerative joint bone disease that is mainly featured by joint stiffness and cartilage degradation. Icariin (ICA), an extract from Epimedium, has been preliminarily pro...

    Authors: Yan Zu, Yue Mu, Qiang Li, Shu-Ting Zhang and Hong-Juan Yan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:307

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  20. Content type: Systematic review

    Core decompression (CD) is an important method for the treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). Few articles investigate the influence of core decompression on outcomes of ONFH. This study was ca...

    Authors: Kun-chi Hua, Xiong-gang Yang, Jiang-tao Feng, Feng Wang, Li Yang, Hao Zhang and Yong-cheng Hu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:306

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) has the potential to opportunistically cause infectious diseases, including osteomyelitis, skin infections, pneumonia, and diarrhea. We previously reported that ASyycG RNA reduce...

    Authors: Shizhou Wu, Yunjie Liu, Hui Zhang and Lei Lei

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:305

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Osteomyelitis is a challenge for orthopedic surgeons due to its protracted treatment process. Microwaves (MWs) can increase blood perfusion due to their thermal effect. Furthermore, MWs demonstrated significan...

    Authors: Xiao-yang Qi, Xu-sheng Qiu, Jiang-yun Jiang, Yi-xin Chen, Li-ming Tang and Hong-fei Shi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:286

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) and bilateral percutaneous pedicle fixation are valuable, minimally invasive lateral approaches used to treat symptomatic degenerative disc disease. In the current proced...

    Authors: Akihiko Hiyama, Daisuke Sakai, Masato Sato and Masahiko Watanabe

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:304

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation Method (SANEM) is a holistic patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) that includes all aspects involving the shoulder. It is simple and easy to administer. It consists ...

    Authors: Dieuwertje M. J. Theeuwen, Maria C. van der Steen, Inge F. M. Bonneux, Anouk M. E. Giesberts, Henk W. J. Koot and Max Reijman

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:303

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The management of cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) has changed drastically in the last decades, and surgery is the primary treatment. However, the optimum timing of early surgical treatment (within 24 h or 72...

    Authors: Chie Tanaka, Takashi Tagami, Junya Kaneko, Reo Fukuda, Fumihiko Nakayama, Shin Sato, Akiko Takehara, Saori Kudo, Masamune Kuno, Masayoshi Kondo and Kyoko Unemoto

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:302

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    To date, few knowledge is available about safety and effectiveness of one-staged combined hip and knee arthroplasty. The aim of our study was to evaluate, in a comparative fashion, complications and outcomes i...

    Authors: Stefano Petrillo, Matteo Marullo, Michele Corbella, Paolo Perazzo and Sergio Romagnoli

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:301

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  27. Content type: Research article

    This study evaluated the influence of meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT) on knee joint mechanics during normal walking using finite element (FE) analysis and biomechanical data.

    Authors: Yong-Gon Koh, Jin-Ah Lee, Yong-Sang Kim and Kyoung-Tak Kang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:300

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Our purpose was to combine intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted MR imaging (IVIM-DWI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to differentiate osteoporotic fractures from osteolytic metastatic ver...

    Authors: Hui Tan, Hui Xu, Feifei Luo, Zhaoguo Zhang, Zhen Yang, Nan Yu, Yong Yu, Shaoyu Wang, Qiuju Fan and Yue Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:299

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  29. Content type: Research article

    There are few studies to investigate changes in imaging parameters of Modic changes (MCs). The imaging studies examining the distinctions in the lumbar sagittal parameters between MCs and lumbar disc degenerat...

    Authors: Mindong Lan, Yufu Ou, Chenglong Wang, Wei Wei, Xianwei Lu, Jianxun Wei and Xiaoping Mu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:298

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Due to our aging population, an increase in proximal femur fractures can be expected, which is associated with impaired activities of daily living and a high risk of mortality. These patients are also at a hig...

    Authors: Carl Neuerburg, Lena M. Mittlmeier, Alexander M. Keppler, Ines Westphal, Änne Glass, Maximilian M. Saller, Philipp K. E. Herlyn, Heiko Richter, Wolfgang Böcker, Matthias Schieker, Attila Aszodi and Dagmar-C. Fischer

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:297

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Osteosarcoma is aggressive and prognostic biomarkers are important to predict the outcomes of surgery and chemotherapy. Here, we investigated the potential of transferrin receptor-1 (TfR1) and vascular endothe...

    Authors: Hongzeng Wu, Jinming Zhang, Ruoheng Dai, Jianfa Xu and Helin Feng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:296

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  32. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the incidence of postoperative overall complications or secondary procedures following distal radius fractures treated by volar locking plate (VLP)

    Authors: Yansen Li, Yanqing Zhou, Xiong Zhang, Dehu Tian and Bing Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:295

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Fast-track and outpatient arthroplasty methodologies combine evidence-based clinical features with organizational optimization resulting in a streamlined pathway from admission to discharge and beyond. This qu...

    Authors: Miia Marika Jansson, Marja Harjumaa, Ari-Pekka Puhto and Minna Pikkarainen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:294

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have great potential for the repair and regeneration of bone fracture, but their optimal origins remain controversial.

    Authors: Cong Zhu, Mo Sha, Huixiang Jiang, Jianbiao Lin, Weibin Lin, Wenchang Li, Xiaoshan Chen, Guofeng Huang and Zhenqi Ding

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:293

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Nearly half of elderly patients with hip fracture were malnourished, indicated with a serum marker of hypoalbuminemia. Malnutrition was a risk factor for poor outcomes in geriatrics after hip replacement. The ...

    Authors: Yaoquan He, Jun Xiao, Zhanjun Shi, Jinwen He and Tao Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:292

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Therapeutic intervention has recently been actively performed for metastatic spine tumor even though spinal cord paralysis is not clearly observed, but there has been no report in which the degree of spinal co...

    Authors: Masafumi Maseda, Hiroshi Uei, Masahiro Nakahashi, Hirokatsu Sawada and Yasuaki Tokuhashi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:291

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  37. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the predictive effect of lumbar lordosis minus thoracic kyphosis (LL-TK) in the surgical outcome of adult degenerative scoliosis (ADS) patients and explore the optimum target base on it.

    Authors: Siyu Zhou, Wei Li, Tong Su, Chengbo Du, Wei Wang, Fei Xu, Zhuoran Sun and Weishi Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:290

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a proven surgical option for patients with end-stage osteoarthritis in terms of improved function and pain relief. A prospective study was conducted to examine and evaluate the ...

    Authors: Hirose Shakya, Duan Wang, Kai Zhou, Ze-Yu Luo, Suraj Dahal and Zong-Ke Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:289

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  39. Content type: Research article

    There was a controversy about bone grafting of spinal tuberculosis treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of a new bone grafting method—transverse bone grafting (TBG)—with iliac ...

    Authors: Zhongyuan He, Ke Tang, Fei Gui, Yuan Zhang, Weiyang Zhong and Zhengxue Quan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:288

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The thumb accounts for 50% of the total hand function. This study reports the functional outcomes and complications of people with traumatic thumb amputations who underwent toe-to-thumb reconstruction.

    Authors: Chunjie Liu, Lei Liu, Guoli Liu, Siyu Tian, Jiangbo Bai, Kunlun Yu and Dehu Tian

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:287

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  41. Content type: Systematic review

    To evaluate the effect of intramedullary nail and locking plate in the treatment of proximal humerus fracture (PHF).

    Authors: Xiaoqing Shi, Hao Liu, Runlin Xing, Wei Mei, Li Zhang, Liang Ding, Zhengquan Huang and Peimin Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:285

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) is a 13-item shoulder-specific patient-reported outcome measure (PROM). The English version is easy to use and has demonstrated excellent measurement properties f...

    Authors: Sudarshan KC, Saurab Sharma, Karen Ginn, Tawfiq Almadi and Darren Reed

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:284

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  43. Content type: Research article

    During primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA), synovectomy as a part of the procedure has been recommended to relieve pain and inflammation of the synovium, but there is a controversy about it due to increased ...

    Authors: Pei Liu, Feifan Lu, Jialiang Chen, Ziqi Xia, Huachen Yu, Qidong Zhang, Weiguo Wang and Wanshou Guo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:283

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Severe anatomical abnormalities exist in proximal femoral deformities (PFDs). Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is associated with drawbacks such as high surgical complexity, long operation time, requirement for hi...

    Authors: Xiaowen Deng, Jun Liu, Tao Qu, Xusheng Li, Ping Zhen, Qiuming Gao, Yun Xue, Peng Liu, Guoding Cao and Xiaole He

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:282

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The guidelines to correct the mechanical axis in high tibial osteotomy (HTO) have changed recently, and some studies have suggested that the correction of the mechanical axis should be based on the severity of...

    Authors: Myung Ku Kim, Bong Sung Ko and Joo Hyun Park

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:281

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  46. Content type: Research article

    In this study, we described a positioner which allows a combination of preoperative plan and intraoperative insertion of the cup to improve the reconstruction of the rotation center of the hip.

    Authors: Liangliang Cao, Yuehui Wang, Shiping Zou and Hui Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:279

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Debridement and irrigation with prosthetic retention followed by antibiotic therapy (DAIR) is one of the treatments of choice in acute infections after a total knee arthroplasty. However, the success rate vari...

    Authors: Kattalin Iza, Xabier Foruria, Jesús Moreta, Iker Uriarte, Ane Loroño, Urko Aguirre and José Luis Martínez de los Mozos

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:278

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  48. Content type: Research article

    The Chevron osteotomy is a frequently used surgical method for hallux valgus correction. This method is often combined with an Akin osteotomy. To date, clear guidelines for the implementation of an additional ...

    Authors: Gerhard Kaufmann, Maximilian Hofmann, Matthias Braito, Hanno Ulmer, Alexander Brunner and Dietmar Dammerer

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:277

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Excessive blood loss in total joint arthroplasty (TJA) usually leads to an allogenic blood transfusion, which may cause adverse outcomes, prolonged length of hospitalization, and increased costs. The purpose o...

    Authors: Kai Song, Pin Pan, Yao Yao, Tao Jiang and Qing Jiang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:273

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