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Table 4 Overall complications

From: Magnetically controlled growing rods in the management of early onset scoliosis: a systematic review

Complications Frequency Reference
Proximal screw out of the rod 29% (4 of 14) [33]
Loss initial height 21% (3 of 14) [23]
Proximal pull out of the hooks 19% (11 of 59) [41]
Screw/plug loosening 18% (10 of 57) [7, 28]
Reoperation for rod malposition 17% (1 of 6) [42]
Fail distraction 12% (25 of 216) [14, 19, 26, 28, 33, 34, 38, 39]
Painful out patient distraction 12% (7 of 60) [36]
Connector breakage 11% (4 of 38) [7]
Progressive trunk shiftiness 11% (2 of 18) [14]
complete blockage/rod breakage 10% (20 of 197) [7, 14, 19, 27,28,29, 33, 34, 39, 40]
Proximal junctional kyphosis 9% (16 of 183) [7, 24, 26, 28, 33, 36, 39]
Infection 8% (11 of 142) [7, 19, 23,24,25,26,27, 29, 34, 39, 40]
Coronal imbalance 8% (3 of 38) [7]
Pleural effusion 6% (1 of 17) [30]
Back pain 5% (3 of 56) [14]
Detachment of pedicle screw hand/screw misplaced 5% (2 of 38) [7]
Pelvic obliquity 5% (1 of 19) [28]
Pulmonary complications 4% (3 of 68) [7]
Fracture 4% (2 of 56) [14]
Delayed wound healing 3% (2 of 61) [39]
Secondary scoliosis 3% (1 of 30) [36]
Wound dehiscence 3% (1 of 30) [36]
Pulmonary embolism 3% (1 of 30) [36]
  1. The number of events is reported on the number of observations reported by each study