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Letter to editor regarding “The morphology of the proximal femur in cementless short-stem total hip arthroplasty: no negative effect on offset reconstruction, leg length difference and implant positioning”

Dear Editor,

Recently, we read with great interest the article “The morphology of the proximal femur in cementless short-stem total hip arthroplasty: No negative effect on offset reconstruction, leg length difference and implant positioning” by Luger et al. [1]. We much appreciate the authors’ work in this field; however, we have some of our concerns regarding the article and would like to discuss them with the authors.

Firstly, Dorr and Noble classification are the most classical classification standards for anatomical shape of the proximal femur [2, 3]. The authors reported that the anatomical shape of the proximal femur was determined according to the Dorr classification by two reviewers. As we all know, the classical Dorr classification is judged by the visual judgment according to the reviewers. However, several reports [4,5,6] have shown that the proximal femoral shape can be grouped according to the femoral cortical index (FCI): > 0.6 were Dorr type A, ≤ 0.6 and ≥ 0.5 were Dorr type B, and < 0.5 were Dorr type C. Why not use a more objective and quantifiable method than visual judgment? Noble classification [3] is also a good choice.

Secondly, leg length difference (LLD) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) does not only mean lengthening of operative limb, but also the shortening of operative limb. Lim et al. [4] conducted statistical analysis was made not only for LLD > 5 mm or > 10 mm, but also for LLD < -5 mm or < -10 mm. However, in the authors' report, logistic regression for LLD ≥ 5 mm or ≥ 10 mm showed no difference in Dorr type and concluded that proximal femur morphology had no negative effect on LLD. We don't think this conclusion is appropriate. Whether the LLD in the author's article stands for lengthening, shortening, or absolute value, it would be better to discuss it separately.

Finally, the postoperative LLD was least obvious in Dorr A and most obvious in Dorr C. This is the opposite of what previous studies have shown [4, 7, 8]. However, we found no explanation or discussion of this phenomenon in the discussion section of this article.

Availability of data and materials

All data generated or analyzed during this study are included in this published article.

Abbreviations

FCI:

Femoral cortical index

LLD:

Leg length difference

THA:

Total hip arthroplasty

References

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Acknowledgements

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Funding

This work was supported by the Key Projects of the Department of Education of Anhui Province (No. KJ2019A0261).

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JM and JL analyzed the data and were the major contributor in writing the manuscript; LC, KS, and HY were contributors in writing the manuscript; HF was responsible for reviewing and editing the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Haitao Fan.

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Ma, J., Li, J., Cao, L. et al. Letter to editor regarding “The morphology of the proximal femur in cementless short-stem total hip arthroplasty: no negative effect on offset reconstruction, leg length difference and implant positioning”. J Orthop Surg Res 17, 213 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13018-022-03119-z

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