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  1. When spinal kyphosis increases, the compensatory mechanism activates and the pelvic position changes. Increasing the pelvic tilt, which is the orientation of the pelvis with respect to the femoral head, is kno...

    Authors: Toshio Doi, Osamu Tono, Kiyoshi Tarukado, Katsumi Harimaya, Yoshihiro Matsumoto, Mitsumasa Hayashida, Seiji Okada and Yukihide Iwamoto

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:115

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The thoracolumbar junction is the transition from a stiff (thoracic spine) to a mobile zone (lumbar spine) and is relatively unstable compared with the thoracic and lumbar portions of the spine. The need for a...

    Authors: Chien-Chun Chang, Yen-Jen Chen, Da-Fu Lo, Hsien-Te Chen, Horng-Chaung Hsu and Ruey-Mo Lin

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:113

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion procedure with percutaneous pedicle screws was adopted in clinical practice, but the choice between a unilateral pedicle screw (UPS) or bilateral p...

    Authors: Chen Chen, Xuecheng Cao, Lin Zou, Guangliang Hao, Zhenyu Zhou and Guichun Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:112

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and coralline hydroxyapatite (HA) or biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) as a bone substitute for posterolateral spinal fusion has been reported. However, the genes and mo...

    Authors: Chi-Chien Niu, Song-Shu Lin, Wen-Jer Chen, Shih-Jung Liu, Lih-Huei Chen, Chuen-Yung Yang, Chao-Jan Wang, Li-Jen Yuan, Po-Han Chen and Hsiao-Yang Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:111

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of microfracture and intraarticular autologous conditioned plasma (ACP) injection on cartilage regeneration in a focal full-thickness chondral defect mod...

    Authors: Mustafa Karakaplan, Nurzat Elmalı, Efe Mirel, Nurhan Şahin, Emre Ergen and Candan Elmalı

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:110

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Reconstruction of chronic ruptures of the Achilles tendon poses a great challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon both technically and functionally. The aim of this study was to assess the results of a new techniq...

    Authors: Ahmed F. Sadek, Ezzat H. Fouly, Mohammed A. Laklok and Mohammed F. Amin

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:109

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Dorsally displaced distal radius fractures (DDDRF) are frequent injuries in clinical practice. Traditional percutaneous Kirschner wires (K-wire) and open reduction with volar locking plate (VLP) are the two mo...

    Authors: Shuang-Le Zong, Shi-Lian Kan, Li-Xin Su and Bin Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:108

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The management of severe patellofemoral arthritis in young patients remains a significant problem. For many, patellofemoral replacement is not a desirable option. Current surgical techniques for patellectomy d...

    Authors: Vipin Asopa, Charles Willis-Owen and Greg Keene

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:107

    Content type: Technical note

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  9. This study evaluates the effects of three surgical procedures in the treatment of pronation deformities of the forearm in cerebral palsy patients; namely the transposition of pronator teres to extensor carpi r...

    Authors: Goran Čobeljić, Stanislav Rajković, Zoran Bajin, Aleksandar Lešić, Marko Bumbaširević, Marko Aleksić and Henry Dushan Atkinson

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:106

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Reports of dislocation after bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) abound in literature, and several studies have mentioned the factors that are associated with an increased risk of dislocation. However, there is no ...

    Authors: Takeshi Shoji, Yuji Yasunaga, Takuma Yamasaki, Soutarou Izumi, Susumu Hachisuka and Mitsuo Ochi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:105

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Recent studies suggest that nanosecond pulsed electric field (nsPEF) is a novel minimal invasive and non-thermal ablation method that can induce apoptosis in different solid tumors. But the efficacy of nsPEF o...

    Authors: Xudong Miao, Shengyong Yin, Zhou Shao, Yi Zhang and Xinhua Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:104

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Elcatonin (ECT) is used to prevent and treat osteoporosis. However, little is known about its effect on the disuse osteoporosis (DOP). The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of ECT on DOP caused by fr...

    Authors: Zhe Ji, Chao Shi, Shengli Huang, Xiaoqian Dang, Kunzheng Wang and Binshang Lan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:103

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Hallux valgus (HV) is a complex deformity of the forefoot altering the kinematics of walking. Many different treatment alternatives exist for the correction of hallux valgus, but to date, none has been shown t...

    Authors: Carlo Biz, Marco Corradin, Ilaria Petretta and Roberto Aldegheri

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:102

    Content type: Research article

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  14. To date, there has been no adequate biomechanical model that would allow a quantitative comparison in terms of stability/stiffness between a corpectomy with the posterior column preserved and a total spondylec...

    Authors: Jung-Hoon Kim, John M. Rhee, Yoshio Enyo, William C. Hutton and Sung-Soo Kim

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:99

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The traditional posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) technique usually involves implantation of two cages through a bilateral approach and bilateral laminectomy, which requires bilateral transpedicle screw...

    Authors: Chen Bingqian, Xue Feng, Shen Xiaowen, Zhang Feng, Fang Xiaowen, Qian Yufeng and Dong Qirong

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:98

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Hypothermia related to anaesthesia and operating theatre environment is associated with increased blood loss in a number of surgical disciplines, including total hip arthroplasty. The influence of patient temp...

    Authors: Michael Dan, Sara Martinez Martos, Elaine Beller, Peter Jones, Ray Randle and David Liu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:97

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) is accepted widely for treatment of diaphyseal femur fractures in children. However, complication rates of 10 to 50 % are described due to shortening or axial devia...

    Authors: Marion Rapp, Nina Gros, Gregor Zachert, Maaike Schulze-Hessing, Christina Stratmann, Robert Wendlandt and Martin Michael Kaiser

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:96

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The choice between intramedullary (IM) nailing or plating of distal tibia fractures without articular involvement remains controversial. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational...

    Authors: Zhi Mao, Guoqi Wang, Lihai Zhang, Licheng Zhang, Shuo Chen, Hailong Du, Yanpeng Zhao and Peifu Tang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:95

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) may increase the risk of spinal cord injury (SCI) with various neurological deficits after minor trauma. However, few studies have investigated the in...

    Authors: Soon Young Kwon, Jun Jae Shin, Ji Hae Lee and Woo Ho Cho

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:94

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Application of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) is limited by long fluoroscopy time and a steep learning curve. Herein, MI-TLIF was modified using a trans-multifidus approach...

    Authors: Wenzhi Zhang, Xu Li, Xifu Shang, Xiang Xu, Yefeng Hu, Rui He, Liqun Duan, Xiaodong Ling and Feng Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:93

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The aim of this study was to analyze the pattern and types of sensory nerve endings in ankle collateral ligaments using histological techniques, in order to observe the morphology and distribution of mechanore...

    Authors: Xiaochuan Wu, Weidong Song, Cuihuan Zheng, Shixiong Zhou and Shengbin Bai

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:92

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Open reduction and plate fixation is the standard operative treatment for displaced midshaft clavicle fracture. However, sometimes it is difficult to achieve anatomic reduction by open reduction technique in c...

    Authors: Hyong Nyun Kim, Xiao Ning Liu and Kyu Cheol Noh

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:91

    Content type: Technical note

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  23. In Indian patients, in view of language plurality and illiteracy, self-reporting of English version of Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) is not practical. Our study aim was to find out to what extent self-report...

    Authors: Janardhana P Aithala

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:90

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Lubrication function is impaired and the lubricant content of synovial fluid (SF) changes immediately after plateau tibia fractures. Here, we aimed to analyze the lubricant content of SF at chronic term follow...

    Authors: Hasan H. Ceylan, Mehmet Erdil, Gokhan Polat, Deniz Kara, Elif Kilic, Abdurrahim Kocyigit and Ibrahim Tuncay

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:89

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Few studies compared radiographic and clinical outcomes between posterior dynamic stabilization (PDS) and posterior lumbar intervertebral fusion (PLIF) in treating degenerative disc disease (DDD).

    Authors: Haodong Fei, Jiang Xu, Shouguo Wang, Yue Xie, Feng Ji and Yongyi Xu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:87

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The major disadvantage of using a stem cell-based bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP4) gene therapy for skull defect is the overgrowth of generated bone tissue in situ. In the present study, to overcome bony ov...

    Authors: Ke Tian, Min Qi, Limin Wang, Zhifu Li, Jianzhong Xu, Yi Li, Guanlei Liu, Bing Wang, Johnny Huard and Guangheng Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:86

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of posterior indirect reduction and pedicle screw fixation without laminectomy for the treatment of Denis type B thoracolumbar burst fractures with incomplete ...

    Authors: Zhigang Zhang, Guangdong Chen, Jiajia Sun, Genlin Wang, Huilin Yang, Zongping Luo and Jun Zou

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:85

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Tear conversion followed by repair and trans-tendon techniques have been widely used for partial-thickness rotator cuff tears. Both of them showed favorable results with regard to the management of articular-s...

    Authors: Lin Sun, Qiang Zhang, Heng’an Ge, Yeqing Sun and Biao Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:84

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The goal of this study is to explore the effects of A-W MGC (apatite-wollastonite magnetic bioactive glass-ceramic) loaded with BMP2 (bone morphogenetic protein 2)- and HIF1αmu (hypoxia-inducible factor 1 mutatio...

    Authors: Yuzhong Gao, Chen Li, Hao Wang and Guangyu Fan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:83

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Collagen acts as a scaffold for healing damaged cartilage. This study evaluated the results of an in vivo animal study and provides short-term clinical results on a mixture of atelocollagen and fibrin glue-enh...

    Authors: Jinsu Kim, Hunki Cho, Kiwon Young, Jaehyun Park, Junkeun Lee and Dongsam Suh

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:82

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The regeneration of articular hyaline cartilage remains an elusive goal despite years of research. Recently, an aragonite-hyaluronate (Ar-HA) biphasic scaffold has been described capable of cartilage regenerat...

    Authors: Elizaveta Kon, Giuseppe Filardo, Jonathan Shani, Nir Altschuler, Andrew Levy, Ken Zaslav, John E. Eisman and Dror Robinson

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:81

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Pedicle screw insertions are commonly used for posterior fixation to treat various spine disorders. However, the misplacement of pedicle screws can lead to disastrous complications. Inaccurate pedicle screw pl...

    Authors: Toshitaka Yoshii, Takashi Hirai, Tsuyoshi Yamada, Satoshi Sumiya, Renpei Mastumoto, Tsuyoshi Kato, Mitsuhiro Enomoto, Hiroyuki Inose, Shigenori Kawabata, Kenichi Shinomiya and Atsushi Okawa

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:79

    Content type: Technical note

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  33. Acetabular revision arthroplasty with major bone loss is one of the most difficult operations in orthopedic surgery. The goal of the study was to evaluate midterm clinical results of the use of morselized allo...

    Authors: Huifeng Ding, Yuanqing Mao, Bin Yu, Zhenan Zhu, Huiwu Li, Baoqing Yu and Jianming Huang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:77

    Content type: Research article

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  34. We developed a simplified Chinese version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire (shorthand for DASH-CHNPLAGH) by conducting cross-cultural adaptation and evaluating its reliab...

    Authors: Hua Chen, Xinran Ji, Wei Zhang, Yiling Zhang, Lihai Zhang and Peifu Tang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:76

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been reported to be the most successful treatment for patients with advanced osteoarthritis, however, early postoperative pain has become an unresolved issue. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Xinyu Zhao, Jun Qin, Yang Tan, Rahul Mohanan, Dongcai Hu and Liaobin Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:75

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This study aimed to develop a simple method of creating an animal model of non-trauma femoral head osteonecrosis and collapse using African ostriches with weights similar to those of humans.

    Authors: Wenxue Jiang, Pengfei Wang, Yanlin Wan, Dasen Xin and Meng Fan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:74

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The X-ray films of the patients with Marfan syndrome scoliosis (MSS) look like those with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). In literature, there are many reports on the correction results of AIS, while th...

    Authors: Weiqiang Liang, Bin Yu, Yipeng Wang, Zhengyao Li, Guixing Qiu, Jianxiong Shen and Jianguo Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:73

    Content type: Research

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  38. The standard treatment to enhance fracture healing of scaphoid nonunions is surgery. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is gaining in popularity as an alternative treatment to improve fracture healing; ho...

    Authors: Uri Farkash, Orit Bain, Arnon Gam, Meir Nyska and Paul Sagiv

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:72

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The rotational position of the leg substantially influences measurements in ankle radiographs after total ankle replacement (TAR). The aim of our study was to further specify the influence of different project...

    Authors: Matthias Braito, Michael Liebensteiner, Dietmar Dammerer, Martin Krismer, Martin Pfurner and Rainer Biedermann

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:71

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Tendinopathy is a common clinical pathology, with mixed treatment results, especially when chronic. In this study, we examine the effects of an ultrasonic debridement modality in a rabbit tendinopathy model.

    Authors: Srinath Kamineni, Timothy Butterfield and Anthony Sinai

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:70

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Blood loss following total knee arthroplasty is a serious side-effect of surgery and impacts on patient recovery and quality of life. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of postoperative knee positi...

    Authors: Jun Liu, Yao-min Li, Jian-gang Cao and Lei Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:69

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Following treatment of a posterior pelvic disruption, residual deformity or associated injuries can adversely affect functional recovery. No study has been performed on gait and functional outcome after closed...

    Authors: Pooria Salari, Lisa K Cannada and Berton R Moed

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:68

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The purpose of this study was to determine errors in measurement of torsional profiles (TP) (torsional femoral angle, torsional tibial angle, and femoral ankle angle) among four orthopedic surgeons, experts, a...

    Authors: Artemisia Panou, Dedorah Faith Stanitski, Carl Stanitski, Andrea Peccati and Nicola Marcello Portinaro

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:67

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Here, we describe the design and characterization of a novel, cryopreserved, viable osteochondral allograft (CVOCA), along with evidence that the CVOCA can improve outcomes of marrow stimulation for articular ...

    Authors: Sandra Geraghty, Jin-Qiang Kuang, Dana Yoo, Michelle LeRoux-Williams, C. Thomas Vangsness Jr and Alla Danilkovitch

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:66

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Bone loss leading to aseptic loosening of the prosthesis and periprosthetic fracture is a mode of failure in cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of...

    Authors: Xinyu Zhao, Dongcai Hu, Jun Qin, Rahul Mohanan and Liaobin Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:65

    Content type: Research article

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