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Table 3 Model validation results

From: Biomechanical effects of interbody cage height on adjacent segments in patients with lumbar degeneration: a 3D finite element study

Motion state L3/4 RoM L4/5 RoM
Model of this study Hao et al. Shim et al. Model of this study Hao et al. Shim et al.
Flexion 4.21 4.90 4.36 ± 0.78 4.91 6.10 5.48 ± 0.88
Extension 2.97 2.70 2.97 ± 0.37 2.61 3.90 2.79 ± 0.42
Left lateral 1.19 2.10 1.76 ± 0.72 1.27 2.60 2.23 ± 1.01
Right lateral 1.31 2.30 1.76 ± 0.72 1.27 2.80 2.23 ± 1.01
Left rotation 1.23 1.20 1.45 ± 0.58 1.43 2.30 1.90 ± 0.99
Right rotation 1.19 1.60 1.45 ± 0.58 1.04 2.10 1.90 ± 0.99