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Table 1 Characteristics and scores for each measurement item of the study patients (n = 93)

From: Relationship between pain intensity, pain catastrophizing, and self-efficacy in patients with frozen shoulder: a cross-sectional study

  Mean (SD) Range (possible range)
Gender, n (%)
 Men 31 (33.3%)  
 Women 62 (66.7%)  
Age (years) 61.6 (12.2) 36–85
Disease duration (weeks) 13.5 (15.0) 1–96
NRS 6.4 (2.0) 1–10 (0–10)
PCS
 Total score 22.0 (10.3) 0–47 (0–52)
 Rumination 7.3 (3.9) 0–15 (0–20)
 Helplessness 10.4 (4.5) 0–18 (0–20)
 Magnification 4.5 (2.9) 0–12 (0–12)
PSEQ 44.0 (11.2) 10–60 (0–60)