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Table 3 Univariate analysis of risk factors for poor outcome

From: Surgical outcomes and risk factors for poor outcomes in patients with cervical spine metastasis: a prospective study

Factors Good outcome (n = 28) Poor outcome (n = 18) P
Age    0.639
 ≥ 65 years 19 (41.3) 11 (23.9)  
 < 65 years 9 (19.6) 7 (15.2)  
Sex    0.039*
 Male 13 (28.2) 3 (6.5)  
 Female 15 (32.6) 15 (32.6)  
Revised Tokuhashi score, points 7.4 ± 2.7 5.2 ± 1.4 0.002*
New Katagiri score, points 4.1 ± 2.2 5.6 ± 1.2 0.013*
SINS, points 11.7 ± 2.8 10.9 ± 2.4 0.335
Level of the main lesion    0.006*
 Upper cervical spine (C1–2) 8 (17.3) 1 (2.2)  
 Middle cervical spine (C3–6) 13 (28.3) 5 (10.9)  
 Cervicothoracic junction (C7, T1) 7 (15.2) 12 (26.1)  
ESCC grade at baseline    0.732
 Grade ≥ 2 20 (43.5) 12 (26.1)  
 Grade ≤ 1 8 (17.4) 6 (13.0)  
ECOGPS at baseline    0.953
 PS ≥ 3 20 (43.5) 13 (28.3)  
 PS ≤ 2 8 (17.4) 5 (10.9)  
Frankel grade at baseline    0.016*
 Grades A and B 0 (0.0) 1 (2.2)  
 Grades C and D 14 (30.4) 15 (32.6)  
 Grade E 14 (30.4) 2 (4.3)  
Preoperative chemotherapy    0.142
 Yes 8 (17.4) 9 (19.6)  
 No 20 (43.5) 9 (19.6)  
Preoperative radiotherapy    0.466
 Yes 8 (17.4) 7 (15.2)  
 No 20 (43.5) 11 (23.9)  
  1. Data are presented as n (%) or mean ± standard deviation
  2. SINS, Spinal Instability Neoplastic Score; ESCC, Epidural Spinal Cord Compression; ECOGPS, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status
  3. *Statistically significant at P < 0.100