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Table 2 Clinical outcomes

From: The effects of cages implantation on surgical and adjacent segmental intervertebral foramina

  Group A Group B Group C P value
JOA scores     
 Preoperation 9.539±1.266 9.487±1.677 9.455±1.440 0.957
 Postoperation 13.231±1.739* 13.189±2.196* 12.909±2.700* 1.000
 Follow-up 13.231±1.878* 13.243±1.571* 12.545±1.753* 0.301
JOA recovery rate (%)     
 Preoperation 51.200±15.464 51.193±23.040 49.350±25.398 0.981
 Postoperation 50.690±18.321 50.243±17.529 43.035±15.395 0.186
VAS scores     
 Preoperation 5.231±1.641 4.973±1.756 5.273±1.679 0.861
 Postoperation 3.000±1.225* 2.730±1.170* 2.909±1.221* 0.804
 Follow-up 2.615±0.768*B 1.919±1.064* 2.727±1.104*B 0.034
  1. *P < 0.05 compared with preoperative value
  2. BP < 0.05 compared with group B
  3. JOA scores, Japanese Orthopaedic Association Scores, on a scale from 0 to 17
  4. VAS scores, visual analog scales, on a scale from 0 to 10