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Table 1 Changes in the measurements from the pre-operative films to the latest follow-up. Values are presented as mean ± SD (range)

From: Complications of dual growing rod with all-pedicle screw instrumentation in the treatment of early-onset scoliosis

  Pre-operative Latest follow-up P value
Major curve coronal Cobb angle 42.9 ± 10.7 (29–78) 28.8 ± 9.6 (10–53) < 0.001
Thoracic kyphosis 30.3 ± 7.1 (15–48) 17.6 ± 5.6 (6–36) < 0.001
Proximal junctional angle 5.4 ± 1.5 (3–10) 6.7 ± 3.0 (3–18) < 0.001
Pelvic incidence 41.0 ± 9.3 (19–63) 43.1 ± 8.9 (23–64) 0.24
Pelvic tilt 14.9 ± 7.1 (4–34) 15.4 ± 5.7 (6–35) 0.43
Sacral slope 29.4 ± 6.6 (17–52) 30.1 ± 7.0 (20–52) 0.34
  1. Significant P values are indicated in bold