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Table 2 Perioperative glucose levels of the primary total joint arthroplasty population

From: Fluctuation of fasting blood glucose in patients who underwent primary or revision total joint arthroplasty: a retrospective review

Day Cases (n) Glucose level (mg/dL) CV (%)b
Mean ± SD Median Range Normala (< 100 mg/dL) Elevateda (100-126 mg/dL) Stricta (> 126 mg/dL) Intermediatea (> 137 mg/dL) Lenienta (> 180 mg/dL)
Total
 PRD 1463 93 ± 26 88 47-367 1133 (77.4%) 229 (15.7%) 101 (6.9%) 69 (4.7%) 20 (1.4%)  
 POD1 1158 117 ± 35 110 40-383 388 (33.5%) 429 (37.0%) 341 (29.4%) 228 (19.7%) 58 (5.0%) 7.14
 POD2 470 104 ± 26 97 45-227 255 (54.3%) 154 (32.8%) 61 (13.0%) 45 (9.6%) 10 (2.1%)
 POD3 217 105 ± 29 97 67-239 119 (54.8%) 66 (30.4%) 32 (14.7%) 22 (10.1%) 9 (4.1%)
 POD4 205 100 ± 24 94 54-202 132 (64.4%) 46 (22.4%) 27 (13.2%) 18 (8.8%) 4 (2.0%)
 POD5 177 96 ± 21 94 61-238 126 (71.2%) 40 (22.6%) 11 (6.2%) 7 (4.0%) 2 (1.1%)
 POD6 143 99 ± 38 92 52-391 99 (69.2%) 26 (18.2%) 18 (12.6%) 13 (9.1%) 4 (2.8%)
Diabetic
 PRD 194 118 ± 45 109 47-317 81 (41.8%) 53 (27.3%) 60 (30.9%) 45 (23.2%) 14 (7.2%)  
 POD1 153 144 ± 47 139 40-364 23 (15.0%) 35 (22.9%) 95 (62.1%) 77 (50.3%) 26 (17.0%) 9.02
 POD2 59 132 ± 40 131 58-227 15 (25.4%) 14 (23.7%) 30 (50.8%) 26 (44.1%) 7 (11.9%)
 POD3 29 127 ± 41 115 79-230 10 (34.5%) 6 (20.7%) 13 (44.8%) 8 (27.6%) 5 (17.2%)
 POD4 36 116 ± 35 114 54-202 13 (36.1%) 8 (22.2%) 15 (41.7%) 9 (25.0%) 3 (8.3%)
 POD5 19 113 ± 26 103 83-182 6 (31.6%) 9 (47.4%) 4 (21.1%) 3 (15.8%) 1 (5.3%)
 POD6 17 125 ± 77 101 52-391 8 (47.1%) 4 (23.5%) 5 (29.4%) 5 (29.4%) 2 (11.8%)
Non-diabetic
 PRD 1269 90 ± 18 86 52-367 1052 (82.9%) 176 (13.9%) 41 (3.2%) 24 (1.9%) 6 (0.5%)  
 POD1 1005 113 ± 30 108 58-383 365 (36.3%) 394 (39.2%) 246 (24.5%) 151 (15.0%) 32 (3.2%) 6.85
 POD2 411 100 ± 21 97 45-205 240 (58.4%) 140 (34.1%) 31 (7.5%) 19 (4.6%) 3 (0.7%)
 POD3 188 101 ± 24 95 67-239 109 (58.0%) 60 (31.9%) 19 (10.1%) 14 (7.4%) 4 (2.1%)
 POD4 169 97 ± 20 94 65-191 119 (70.4%) 38 (22.5%) 12 (7.1%) 9 (5.3%) 1 (0.6%)
 POD5 158 94 ± 20 90 61-238 120 (75.9%) 31 (19.6%) 7 (4.4%) 4 (2.5%) 1 (0.6%)
 POD6 126 96 ± 28 90 63-306 91 (72.2%) 22 (17.5%) 13 (10.3%) 8 (6.3%) 2 (1.6%)
  1. PRD pre-operative day, POD post-operative day, SD standard deviation
  2. aData are presented as the number (percentage) of measurement
  3. bPost-operative glycemic variability was assessed using a coefficient of variation (the ratio of the standard deviation to the mean glucose level)