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Table 2 The top 10 HTO research papers with the most citation frequency

From: Research trends and hotspots of high tibial osteotomy in two decades (from 2001 to 2020): a bibliometric analysis

Rank Topic First author Year Journal Impact factor Citations Major conclusion
1 OARSI recommendations for the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis, part II: OARSI evidence-based, expert consensus guidelines Zhang, W. 2008 Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 4.879 1569 They developed 25 expert consensus recommendations for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip and knee (OA)
2 Human autologous culture expanded bone marrow mesenchymal cell transplantation for repair of cartilage defects in osteoarthritic knees Wakitani, S 2002 Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 4.879 631 This procedure highlights the availability of autologous culture expanded bone marrow mesenchymal cell transplantation for the repair of articular cartilage defects in humans
3 Improvements in surgical technique of valgus high tibial osteotomy Lobenhoffer, P 2003 Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 3.149 270 They present four technical modifications of high tibial osteotomy which improve its safety and reproducibility
4 Treatment of anterior cruciate ligament injuries, part I Beynnon, BD 2005 American Journal of Sports Medicine 6.093 260 They review the treatment of anterior cruciate ligament injuries
5 Joint injury causes knee osteoarthritis in young adults Roos, EM 2005 Current Opinion in Rheumatology 3.851 249 Knee injury prevention, rehabilitation after knee injuries, regular exercise, maintaining body weight, and a changed locomotion pattern may prevent osteoarthritis initiation and progression in young adults
6 Control of frontal plane knee laxity during gait in patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis Lewek, MD 2004 Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 4.879 219 The presence of medial laxity in patients with knee OA is likely contributing to the altered gait patterns observed in those with medial knee OA
7 TomoFix: a new LCP-concept for open wedge osteotomy of the medial proximal tibia—early results in 92 cases Staubli, AE 2003 Injury-International Journal of the Case of the Injured 1.834 214 A new fixation device (TomoFix (TM)) with an adapted surgical technique allows stable fixation of the osteotomy without the need to fill the osteotomy gap with bone grafts
8 Meniscal allograft transplantation: long-term clinical results with radiological and magnetic resonance imaging correlations Verdonk, Peter C. M. 2006 Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 3.149 212 Long-term results after viable meniscus allograft transplantation are encouraging in terms of pain relief and improvement of function
9 Tibial osteotomy for the treatment of varus gonarthrosis—survival and failure analysis to twenty-two years Sprenger, TR 2003 Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery American Volume 4.716 206 There is a role for tibial osteotomy, as an alternative to total knee arthroplasty, in patients who are less than 60 years old
10 Decreased knee adduction moment does not guarantee decreased medial contact force during gait Walter, Jonathan P. 2010 Journal of Orthopaedic Research 3.043 199 Future studies that evaluate the effectiveness of gait modifications for offloading the medial compartment of the knee should consider the combined effect of these two knee moments