Skip to main content

Table 2 Subgroup analysis for the outcomes

From: Efficacy of proprioceptive training on the recovery of total joint arthroplasty patients: a meta-analysis

Subgroup Early post-operative effects Mid-term effects
Trials Sample SMD (95% CI) P value Trials Sample SMD (95% CI) P value
Preoperative interventions
 Pain 3 158 0.20 (− 0.53, 0.92) 0.593 2 122 0.89 (− 0.86, 2.65) 0.317
 ROM 1 42 − 0.18 (− 0.79, 0.42) 0.553     
 QoL 2 123 0.31 (− 0.50, 1.11) 0.459 2 77 1.40 (− 1.48, 4.27) 0.342
 Self-reported functionality 3 158 0.19 (− 0.12,0.50) 0.236 2 122 0.86 (− 0.78, 2.50) 0.305
 Balance 1 35 1.00 (0.29, 1.71) 0.006     
Postoperative interventions
 Pain 2 148 0.09 (− 0.23, 0.41) 0.575 2 148 0.24 (− 0.08, 0.57) 0.143
 ROM  
 QoL
 Self-reported functionality 3 176 0.61 (0.31, 0.92) 0.000 2 148 0.51 (− 0.13, 1.14) 0.116
 Balance 4 213 1.02 (0.26, 1.77) 0.008 2 148 0.75 (0.41, 1.08) 0.000
Overall effects
 Pain 5 306 0.18 (− 0.21, 0.58) 0.358 4 270 0.56 (− 0.25, 1.36) 0.177
 ROM 1 42 − 0.18 (− 0.79, 0.42) 0.553     
 QoL 2 123 0.31 (− 0.50, 1.11) 0.459 2 78 1.40 (− 1.48, 4.27) 0.342
 Self-reported functionality 6 334 0.38 (0.13, 0.64) 0.003 4 270 0.67 (− 0.04, 1.38) 0.066
 Balance 5 248 1.02 (0.42, 1.63) 0.001 2 148 0.75 (0.41, 1.08) 0.000