Skip to main content

Table 3 Direction of torque due to different movements, loading conditions and k-wire blocking of the wrist

From: Wrist movements induce torque and lever force in the scaphoid: an ex vivo study

Specimen No k-wires No k-wires k-wires k-wires No k-wires No k-wires k-wires k-wires
  No loading Loading No loading Loading No loading Loading No loading Loading
  Flexion Flexion Flexion Flexion Extension Extension Extension Extension
1 pron sup sup sup pron sup pron sup
2 sup sup sup sup sup sup pron pron
3 sup sup sup sup sup sup sup sup
4 pron pro pron 0 0 sup sup 0
5 sup sup sup sup sup sup sup sup
6 Pron pron sup sup sup sup sup sup
7 pron pron 0 pron sup sup pron 0
8 sup sup sup sup sup sup sup Sup
  Radial Radial Radial Radial Ulnar Ulnar Ulnar Ulnar
1 pron pron pron pron 0 0 sup sup
2 sup sup sup sup sup sup sup sup
3 sup sup sup sup sup sup sup sup
4 pron pron pron sup 0 sup sup sup
5 sup sup 0 sup sup 0 sup sup
6 sup sup sup sup pron pron sup sup
7 pron 0 pro 0 pron pron sup 0
8 sup sup sup sup sup sup pron sup