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Table 1 Comparison of general information, operation information, and results relating to the navigation template group and conventional surgery group. Operation time is from clear exposure to the fixed Kirschner wire

From: Clinical application of individualized 3D-printed navigation template to children with cubitus varus deformity

 CasesAgeGenderSideOperation time (min)Postoperative appearanceCarrying angle (degrees, °)Maximum elbow motion (degrees, °)Bellemore criteria [26]
(year, X ± S)MFLRSatisfiedNot satisfiedAffected side before operationNormal sideAffected side after operationDifference in range between affected and normal elbowExtensionFlexionEGP
Navigation template group166.86 ± 1.84978811.69 ± 2.21160− 23.50 ± 5.755.19 ± 2.794.94 ± 1.531.13 ± 1.201.00 ± 6.24126.3 ± 5.331420
Conventional surgery group197.79 ± 2.5112791022.89 ± 3.94163− 25.26 ± 5.355.21 ± 2.373.94 ± 3.254.21 ± 2.272.00 ± 6.51126.8 ± 5.081270
p value 0.2240.6780.877< 0.0010.2340.3550.9790.272< 0.0010.6480.7890.101
  1. M male, F female, L left, R right, E excellent, G good, P poor)