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Table 5 Statistical analysis

From: Enhancement of cartilage repair through the addition of growth plate chondrocytes in an immature skeleton animal model

  t BF10 Z Cohen’s d 95% CI for Cohen’s d CELLS CTRL
Lower Upper M SD SE M SD SE
Tissue morphology 2.97** 4.04 − 2.134* 0.99 0.16 1.78 69.56 19.11 6.37 57.78 9.98 3.33
Cell morphology 2.23 2.23 − 1.96 0.74 − 0.02 1.47 69.56 22.82 7.61 51.11 18.82 6.27
Chondrocytes clustering − 1.00 − 1.00 − 0.91 − 033 − 1.00 0.35 69.11 16.50 5.50 58.67 19.25 6.42
Surface architecture 2.11 2.11 − 1.72 0.70 − 0.05 1.42 53.89 5.40 1.80 56.22 8.18 2.73
Basal integration 3.63** 3.64 − 2.55* 1.21 0.32 2.07 88.11 5.82 1.94 75.56 18.78 6.26
Formation of tidemark 6.29*** 6.29 − 2.67*** 2.10 0.88 3.28 89.11 5.37 1.79 82.44 6.15 2.05
Subchondral bone abnormalities 3.15* 3.15 − 2.43** 1.05 0.21 1.86 36.78 8.09 2.70 24.67 5.43 1.81
Inflammation 1.33 1,33 − 1.15 0.44 − 0.26 1.12 88.67 10.89 3.63 70.67 17.82 5.94
Abnormal calcification/ossification 1.00 − 1.00 92.56 8.95 2.98 88.67 14.01 4.67
Vascularisation 2.28 2.28 − 2.08* 0.76 − 0.01 1.49 100.00 0.00 0.00 98.56 4.33 1.44
Surface/superficial assessment 1.80 1.80 − 1.48 0.60 − 0.13 1.30 78.33 21.71 7.24 58.89 23.46 7.82
Middle/deep zone assessment 1.97 1.97 − 1.72 0.66 − 0.09 1.36 75.56 18.78 6.26 67.11 11.22 3.74
Matrix staining 4.07** 4.07 − 2.38* 1.36 0.41 2.26 79.67 11.05 3.68 70.44 6.89 2.30
Overall assessment 2.59* 2.59 − 1.96* 0.86 0.07 1.62 81.00 12.63 4.21 71.33 6.78 2.26
Overall rating 3.388** 6.606 − 2.310* 1.129 0.259 1.959 76.55 9.83 328 66.91 6.76 2.25
  1. N = 9. Poor effect, D > 0.2; average effect, D > 0.5; good effect, D > 0.8
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. **p < 0.01
  4. ***p < 0.001