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Table 2 Baird-Jackson ankle score

From: Cannulated screw and Kirschner fixation for the treatment of medial and lateral malleolar epiphyseal fractures in children: a retrospective study of 36 cases

Criteria Severity Score Cases
Pain Without pain 15 27
Mild pain with strenuous activity 12 9
Mild pain with activities of daily living 8 0
Pain with weight bearing 4 0
Pain at rest 0 0
Stability No clinical instability 15 36
Instability with sports activities 5 0
Instability with activities of daily living 0 0
Ability to walk Able to walk desired distances without limp or pain 15 30
Able to walk desired distances with slight pain 8 6
Moderate restriction in ability to walk, with mild pain 6 0
Able to walk short distances only 3 0
Unable to walk 0 0
Ability to run Able to run desired distances without limp or pain 10 12
Able to run desired distances with slight pain 8 23
Moderate restriction in ability to run, with mild pain 6 1
Able to run short distances only 3 0
Unable to run 0 0
Ability to work Able to perform usual occupation without restrictions 10 22
Able to perform usual occupation with restrictions in some strenuous activities 8 13
Able to perform usual occupation with substantial restrictions 6 1
Partially disabled, select jobs only 3 0
Unable to work 0 0
Motion of ankle Within 10° of uninjured ankle 10 25
Within 15° of uninjured ankle 7 10
Within 20° of uninjured ankle 4 1
< 50% of uninjured ankle 0 0
Radiographic result Anatomic with intact mortise 25 34
Mild reactive changes at joint margins 15 2
Measurable narrowing of superior joint space, with superior joint space > 2 mm 10 0
Moderate narrowing of superior joint space, with superior joint space 1 to 2 mm 5 0
Severe narrowing of superior joint space, with joint space < 1 mm, widening of medial clear space, or severe reactive changes (subchondral sclerosis and osteophyte formation) 0 0