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Table 1 Trial characteristics

From: Comparison of suprapatellar and infrapatellar intramedullary nailing for tibial shaft fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author Study design Location Sample size Mean age Female patient Type of fractures IP group SP group Follow-up
(IP/SP) (IP/SP) (IP/SP)
Chan, 2015 RCT USA 14/11 43/40 4/5 Open tibial shaft fractures: 3
Closed tibial shaft fractures: 22
Infrapatellar tibial nail insertion Suprapatellar tibial nail insertion 16 months
Zhe, 2016 RCT China 30/38 46/42 4/3 Open tibial shaft fractures: 8
Closed tibial shaft fractures: 60
Infrapatellar intramedullary nailing Suprapatellar intramedullary nailing 6 months
Sun, 2016 RCT China 81/81 47/46 16/15 Open tibial shaft fractures: 21
Closed tibial shaft fractures: 141
Infrapatellar intramedullary nailing Suprapatellar intramedullary nailing 24 months
Sreekumar, 2017 RCT India 17/21 44/42 9/8 Open tibial shaft fractures: 5
Closed tibial shaft fractures: 33
Infrapatellar tibial nail Suprapatellar tibial nail 12 months
  1. IP infrapatellar, SP suprapatellar, RCT randomized controlled trial