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Table 2 The composition and efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine prescription in the experimental groups

From: Traditional Chinese and western medicine for the prevention of deep venous thrombosis after lower extremity orthopedic surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

First author and year Traditional Chinese medicine compound Treatment time Effect
Bi CQ 2009 [12] Huangqi 60 g, shuizhi 5 g, gancao 5 g, sanqi 3 g Water decoction, po, bid, 7 days Promoting blood circulation to remove obstruction in the channels
Chen CL 2014 [13] Taohong siwu soup:taoren 10 g, honghua 10 g, danggui 12 g, chishuo 10 g, chuangxiong 6 g, dihuang 15 g, chuangshanjia 6 g, chaihu 12 g, huangqi 10 g, xiangfu 12 g, yanhusuo 15 g, xuduan 15 g, gancao 6 g Water decoction, po, bid, 7 days Promoting blood by nourishing the blood
Chen T 2016 [14] Huajiao, sumu, mugua, shenjincao, danggui, niuxi Water decoction, hot pack, bid Promoting blood circulation to relieve pain
Ge XL 2007 [15] Yansuan chuanxiong injection 80 mg ivgit, qd, 10 days Antiplatelet agglutination, promoting blood circulation to remove obstruction in the channels
He Y 2013 [16] Yiqi huoxue huayu soup:dangshen 10 g, fuling 10 g, baishu 10 g, gancao 10 g, honghua 10 g, danggui 10 g, huangqi 10 g, taoren 10 g, shudi 6 g, chuanxiong 6 g, chishuo 6 g, zhike 6 g, jiegeng 6 g, dilong 3 g Water decoction, po, bid, po, 21 days Promoting blood circulation to remove obstruction in the channels
Huang SX 2009 [17] Danshen injection 20 ml and physiological saline 250 ml ivgit, qd, 7 days Promoting blood circulation to remove obstruction in the channels
Huang XG 2010 [18] Gubu soup:huangqi 30 g, dangshen 30 g, jixueteng 30 g, danggui 15 g, danshen 30 g, chishuo 15 g, niuxi 15 g, baishu 15 g, yiren 20 g, huangbai 20 g, gancao 10 g Water decoction, po, bid, po, 9 days Promoting blood circulation to remove obstruction in the channels
Jiang KW 2011 [19] Huangqi 30 g, shuizhi 3 g, sanqi 3 g Water decoction, po, bid, po, 7 days Promoting blood circulation to remove obstruction in the channels, pain relief by diminishing swelling
Li DF 2015 [20] Huoxue tongmai soup:shuizhi 5 g, honghua 10 g, danggui 10 g, huangqi 20 g, danshen 10 g, fuling 10 g, yanhusuo 8 g, sanqi 6 g Water decoction, po, bid, po, 7 days Promoting blood circulation to remove obstruction in the channels
Li JH 2015 [21] Danggui shuoyao pills: danggui 3 g, chishuo 16 g, chuanxiong 8 g, fuling 4 g, zhexie 8 g, baishu 4 g Water pills,5 g/every time, po, qd, 7 days Promoting blood by nourishing the blood, clearing heat, and removing dampness
Lin X 2010 [22] Buyang huanwu soup:sheng huangqi 30 g, dangguiwei 6 g, taoren 6 g, honghua 6 g, chuanxiong 9 g, chishuo 9 g, dilong 3 g, huainiuxi 9 g Water decoction, po, bid, po, 7 days Promoting blood circulation to remove obstruction in the channels
Shao ZH 2016 [23] Danshen injection 20 ml, and 5% glucose injection; taohong siwu soup:honghua 10 g, taoren 15 g, danggui 15 g, chuanxiong 15 g, chishuoyao 15 g, niuxi 15 g, yinhuateng 20 g, yirenren 15 g, baishu 15 g, fuling 15 g, zhichuanwu 15 g, zhiruxiang 15 g Danshen injection:ivgit, qd; taohong siwu soup: water decoction, po, bid Promoting blood by nourishing the blood
Shi M 2011 [24] Shenghuangqi, dangguiwei, chishuo, dilong, chuanxiong, taoren, honghua Water decoction, po, bid, po, 7 days Promoting blood circulation to remove obstruction in the channels, pain relief by diminishing swelling
Wang XG 2017 [25] Tongmaiyiqi soup:huangqi 15 g, baishu 15 g, quanxie 6 g, sanqi 6 g, shuizhi 6 g, zhexie 9 g Water decoction, po, bid, po, 14 days Promoting blood circulation to remove obstruction in the channels
Xiao G 2015 [26] Huoxue tongmai soup:huangqi 30 g, niuxi 15 g, taoren 15 g, danshen 15 g, chishuo 15 g, shudi 15 g, chuanxiong 10 g, honghua 10 g, dangguiwei 10 g, shuizhi 5 g Water decoction, po, bid, po, 14 days Promoting blood by nourishing the blood
Yuan SH 2009 [27] Shuxuetong injection 6 ml and 0.9% saline 250 ml ivgit, qd, 15 days Promoting blood circulation to remove obstruction in the channels
Zhai JB 2016 [28] Chuanxiong 10 g, shuizhi 5 g, honghua 15 g, dangshen 10 g, danggui 5 g, danshen 15 g, niuxi 15 g Water decoction, po, bid, po, 14 days Promoting blood circulation to remove obstruction in the channels, pain relief by diminishing swelling
Zhang FY 2009 [29] Danshen injection 20 ml IV, qd, 7 days Promoting blood circulation to remove obstruction in the channels
Zhao Q 2017 [30] Huoxue zhuyu tongluo soup:dangguo 20 g, yirenren 5 g, danshen 10 g, shangzhi 5 g, tubie 5 g, sumu 10 g, chuanxiong 20 g, niuxi 3 g Water decoction, po, bid, po, 14 days Promoting blood circulation to relieve pain
Zhou ZQ 201031 Honghua injection 20 ml and 0.9% saline 250 ml ivgit, qd, 10 days Promoting blood circulation to remove obstruction in the channels