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Table 1 Exposure of human skeletal muscle cells to radial extracorporeal shock waves (rESWs) in vitro

From: Exposure to radial extracorporeal shock waves modulates viability and gene expression of human skeletal muscle cells: a controlled in vitro study

Group Applicator [] AP [bar/energy] Energy flux density [%] ESW-application on day 1 ESW-application on day 5
A0
A1 6 mm 1/0.05 mJ/mm2 5 +
A2 6 mm 2/0.09 mJ/mm2 10 +
A3 10 mm 3/0.14 mJ/mm2 75 +
A4 10 mm 4/0.19 mJ/mm2 100 +
B0  
B1 6 mm 1/0.05 mJ/mm2 5 + +
B2 6 mm 2/0.09 mJ/mm2 10 + +
B3 10 mm 3/0.14 mJ/mm2 75 + +
B4 10 mm 4/0.19 mJ/mm2 100 + +
  1. AP, air pressure at which the rESW was operated; energy flux density of the rESWs applied on days 1 and day 5, groups A1–A4 were treated once, whereas groups B1–B4 were treated twice. A0 and B0 were used as untreated controls