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Table 4 Intraoperative parameters

From: Clinical results of multidisciplinary therapy including palliative posterior spinal stabilization surgery and postoperative adjuvant therapy for metastatic spinal tumor

Variable Value
Procedures
 Conventional posterior decompression and fixation, n (%) 31 (56.3)
 Minimally invasive spine stabilization, n (%) 24 (43.6)
Number of levels fused, mean (range) 5.5 (2–11)
Operation time, mean (range), (min) 201 (63–371)
Blood loss, mean (range), (ml) 474 (5–4140)
Perioperative complications, yes, n (%)
 Massive bleeding (> 1500 ml) 5 (9.0)
 Early death (within 30 days postoperatively) 3 (5.4)
 Epidural hemorrhage 2 (3.6)
 Wound dehiscence 2 (3.6)
 Upper airway obstruction 1 (1.8)
 Acute renal failure 1 (1.8)
 Surgical site infection 1 (1.8)
 Deep vein thrombosis 1 (1.8)