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Table 4 Preoperative and last follow-up (48 months) angular values

From: Functional and radiographic outcomes of hallux valgus correction by mini-invasive surgery with Reverdin-Isham and Akin percutaneous osteotomies: a longitudinal prospective study with a 48-month follow-up

  Mild HV Moderate HV Severe HV p value
IMA
 Preoperative 9.1 (±0.7) 12.1 (±1.9) 16.6 (±2.1) p < 0.0001
 Last follow-up 7.1 (±0.8) 9.0 (±1.9) 10.0 (±2.2) p < 0.0001
HVA
 Preoperative 16.4 (±3.1) 26.0 (±4.93) 32.0 (±7.7) p < 0.0001
 Last follow-up 9.8 (±5.8) 14.2 (±5.9) 14.7 (±7.3) p < 0.0001
DMAA
 Preoperative 6.3 (±1.22) 10.0 (±4.0) 12.4 (±4.7) p < 0.0001
 Last follow-up 3.9 (±2.5) 5.3 (±3.0) 6.5 (±3.9) p < 0.0001
Sesamoid position
 Preoperative 2.0 (±0.6) 2.3 (±0.6) 2.8 (±0.4) p < 0.0001
 Last follow-up 0.9 (±0.7) 1.3 (±0.6) 1.7 (±0.7) p < 0.0001