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Table 2 Demographics and comorbidities

From: The effect of cumulative glycemic burden on the incidence of diabetic foot disease

Diabetic vs. non-diabetic cohort
  No diabetes (N = 10,361) Diabetes (N = 22,913) P value
N % N %  
Gender      
 Female 5442 52.6 11,901 51.9 0.306
 Male 4913 47.4 11,008 48.1  
Race      <.001
 American Indian or Alaskan Native 14 0.1 61 0.3  
 Asian 301 2.9 863 3.8  
 Black or African American 1869 18 5920 25.8  
 Declined 705 6.8 1625 7.1  
 Hispanic 62 0.6 152 0.7  
 Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 10 0.1 17 0.1  
 Other 1116 10.8 3480 15.2  
 Unable to answer 8 0.1 5 0  
 Unknown 634 6.1 693 3  
 White 5596 54 10,041 43.8  
Smoking 3769 38.2 9927 45.5 <.001
Hypertension 5774 55.7 18,569 81 <.001
Peripheral vascular disease 646 6.2 3094 13.5 <.001
Coronary artery disease 1498 14.5 7151 31.2 <.001
Chronic kidney disease 725 7 5216 22.8 <.001
Foot ulcer 133 1.3 1643 7.2 <.001
Age, year 58 (14)   62 (14)   <.001
Body mass index 31.5 (26.9)   37.2 (27.4) 0.005
HgA1c, mean 5.5 (.6)   7.4 (2)   <.001
  1. Significance defined as P < .05. Continuous variables expressed as mean (standard deviation)