Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Intramedullary nailing versus plating for distal tibia fractures without articular involvement: a meta-analysis

Study Study design No. of patients (I V. P) Mean age (year) (I V. P) Female (%) Fracture types GAT Comparisons Follow-up (month) ROF (%)
IM nailing Plating
Im et al. 2005 [10] RCT 64 (34 V. 30) 42 V. 40 28.1 OTA 43-A1, -A2, -A3, -C1 Closed, or type 1 ACE tibial/cannulated nails Anatomic plates 24 100
Guo et al. 2010 [33] RCT 85 (44 V. 41) 44.2 V. 44.4 35 OTA 43-A1, -A2, -A3 Closed S2 nailing system Percutaneous locking compression plates 12 76.6
Vallier et al. 2012 [35] RCT 104 (56 V. 48) 38.1 V. 38.5 18.3 OTA 42-A, -B, -C Closed, type 1, 2, or 3A Intramedullary nails Nonlocking plates 12–71 96.2
Mauffrey et al. 2012 [2] RCT 24 (12 V. 12) 50 V. 33 33.3 OTA 42-A, -B, -C and OTA43-A Closed, or type 1 Intramedullary nails Percutaneous locking plates 12 100
Li 2014 [38] RCT 82 (40 V. 42) 44 V. 43 15.3 OTA 42-A, -B, -C Closed, type 1, 2 Intramedullary nails Plate 14.8 88.3
Yang et al. 2006 [11] RP 27 (13 V. 14) 54.6 V. 48.2 44.4 OTA 43-A Closed Shortened intramedullary nails Nonlocking plates 33 (16–60) 100
Janssen et al. 2007 [13] RP 24 (12 V. 12) 40.8 V. 43.3 50 OTA 42-A and -B Closed, or type 1 Intramedullary nails Plates 20–112 100
Zhang 2007 [16] RP 51 (27 V. 24) 42.7 V. 39.5 39.2 AO A1-3,C1 Closed, type 1, 2 Intramedullary nails Plates 21.2 (12–27) 100
Vallier et al. 2008 [9] RP 113 (76 V. 37) 38.4 V. 39.8 30 OTA 42-A, -B, and -C Closed, type 1, 2, 3A, or 3B Intramedullary nails Nonlocking plates 24 (12–84) 100
Chen et al. 2008 [17] RP 46 (25 V. 21) 31 17.4 AO A and B Closed Intramedullary nails Plates 12–36 100
Huang 2008 [18] RP 57 (30 V. 27) 42.7 V. 39.5 36.8 AO A and B Closed, type 1, 2 Intramedullary nails Plates 21.8 (10–28) 100
Ni 2010 [19] RP 57 (32 V. 25) 45.8 V. 48.0 33.3 AO A1, A2, A3 Closed, type 1, 2, 3A, Intramedullary nails Plates 25 (12–33) 96.5
Feng 2011 [32] RP 50 (22 V. 28) 43 V. 45 40 AO A1, A2, A3, C1 Closed, type 1, 2 Intramedullary nails Locking compression plate 22.8 (12–48) 100
Wu 2011 [20] RP 43 (25 V. 18) 46 V. 44 41.9 AO A1, B1, B2, C1 Closed, type 1, 2 Intramedullary nails Locking compression plate 16.2 (10–22) 100
Huang 2012 [21] RP 52 (26 V. 26) 41.7 V. 42.0 44.2 AO 42A1-3, 43A1, 43A2 Closed, type 1, 2 Intramedullary nails Locking plate 12 100
Jin 2012 [22] RP 170 (72 V. 98) 47.5 V. 44.5 42.9 AO 41A, 42B, 43A-C NA Intramedullary nails Locking compression plate 8–14 100
Li 2012 [14] RP 46 (23 V. 23) 37 V. 39 21.7 AO 43A1-3 Closed, type 1, 2 Locked nailing Locking compression plate 24.7 V. 25.8 100
Ren 2012 [23] RP 58 (28 V. 30) 31.9 V. 32.4 34.5 AO A, B, and C Closed, type 1, 2 Intramedullary nails Plates 6–36 100
Seyhan et al. 2012 [12] RP 61 (25 V. 36) 40.3 V. 39.7 44.4 OTA 42-A, -B, and -C Closed, type 1, 2, or 3A Expert, Synthes, and Trigen (Smith and Nephew) nails Percutaneous locking plates 21.24 (12–60) 100
Tan 2012 [24] RP 96 (48 V. 48) 43.7 V. 44.6 43.8 AO A1-3, B1 Closed and Open Intramedullary nails Plate 12–24 100
Yang 2012 [25] RP 32 (17 V. 15) 39 40.6 AO 42A B Closed, type 1, 2 Intramedullary nails Locking plate 15.1 (14–20) 100
Ke 20113 [26] RP 62 (32 V. 30) 45.8 V.47.3 37.1 AO A1, A2, A3 Closed, type 1, 2 Intramedullary nails plate 12 100
Wang 2013 [27] RP 98 (47 V. 51) 42.7 V. 40.1 NA OTA 43A NA Intramedullary nails Plate 12 96.1
Yao 2013 [28] RP 126 (65 V. 61) 49.2 V. 48.0 38.9 OTA 42 A-C,43A Closed, type 1, 2, or 3A Intramedullary nails Locking compression plates 23.7 (12–53) 100
Zhu 2013 [29] RP 74 (37 V. 37) 43.7 V. 44.1 45.9 43A 1-3 Closed and Open Intramedullary nails Plates 6 (3–12) 100
Dong 2014 [30] RP 46 (22 V. 24) 35.6 V. 37.3 28.3 AO A, B, and C Closed Intramedullary nails compression plates 8–36 100
Guo 2014 [31] RP 60 (30 V. 30) 45.2 V. 44.5 41.7 AO A1-A3 Closed Intramedullary nails Locking compression plates 12 100
Yavuz 2014 [15] RP 55 (21 V. 34) 38 V. 44 41.8 OTA 42 A-C Closed type 1, 2 Intramedullary nails Plates 27.6 (12–82) 100
  1. GAT Gustilo and Anderson Type, I V. P IM nailing versus plating, ROF rate of follow-up, V. versus, RCT randomized controlled trial, RP retrospective