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Table 1 Details on the included studies in the meta-analysis

From: Efficacy of steroid addition to multimodal cocktail periarticular injection in total knee arthroplasty: a meta-analysis

Author Year of publication Sample size Patient mean age Sex (M/F) BMI Steroid/control group Drain/blocks/anesthesia Cocktail Steroid Used Administration Method Type of Knee arthroplasty Other intervention protocol
Kwon 2014 76 69.3 0/76 25.9 76/76 ?/none/SA 10 mg morphine, 300 mg ropivacaine,30 mg ketorolac, 300 μg of 1:1000 epinephrine 40 mg Triamcinolone SLIA IAPC Cemented TKA Preoperative celecoxib, ultracet,pregabalin
            Unresurfaced patella Postoperative PCA
Yue 2013 72 69.75 8/64 25.685 36/36 All drains/none/GA 0.75 % ropivacaine 30 ml, 1:1000 adrenaline 0.5 ml 7 mg Betamethasone SLIA IAPC TKA(unclassified)  
             Postoperative PCA, celecoxib
Ikeuchi 2014 40 76.5 6/34 ? 20/20 All drains/none/GA 20 ml of 0.75 % ropivacaine, 400 mg of isepamicin 6.6 mg Dexamethasone Peri-articular tissues Cemented TKA  
            Unresurfaced patella Postoperative PCA, loxoprofen
Chia 2013 127 66.93 ? 31.15 84/43 None/none/SA 0.2 % ropivacaine and 100 ml 1:1000 adrenaline Triamcinolone SLIA IAPC Cemented TKA,  
          40 mg in subgroup1, 80 mg in subgroup2   Resurfaced patella Postoperative celecoxib
Seah 2011 100 66.65 ? 27 50/50 ?/none/SA or GA 0.5 ml/kg of 1:200,000 epinephrine and 0.5 % bupivacaine 40 mg of Triamcinolone SLIA IAPC Cemented TKA,  
             Postoperative PCA
Christensen 2009 76 65.508 23/53 33.9 39/37 ?/FNB/GA 80 mg of bupivacaine, 4 mg morphine, 300 mg epinephrine, 100 mg clonidine, 750 mg cefuroxime 40 mg Methylprednisolone SLIA IAPC TKA(unclassified) Preoperative elecoxib, oxycodone or acetaminophen
  1. SA Spinal Anesthesia, GA General Anesthesia, SLIA IAPC, Systematic Infiltration Including Anterior and Posterior Capsule, TKA Total knee Arthroplasty, PCA Patient Controlled Analgesia, FNB, Femoral Nerve Block, ? Unknown