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Table 3 Comparisons between the normal and valgus deformity groups

From: Residual angulation of distal tibial diaphyseal fractures in children younger than ten years

Residual angulation <5 (n= 51) ≥5 (n= 24) pvalue
Age ≤6 years 22 (43.1) 7 (29.2) 0.313
  >6 years 29 (56.9) 17 (70.8)  
Sex Male 32 (62.7) 13 (54.2) 0.614
  Female 19 (37.3) 11 (45.8)  
Fracture type Transverse 16 (31.4) 9 (37.5) 0.793
  Oblique and spiral 35 (68.6) 15 (62.5)  
Open fracture No 34 (66.7) 15 (62.5) 0.797
  Yes 17 (33.3) 9 (37.5)  
Fibular fracture No 18 (35.3) 6 (25.0) 0.793
  Yes 33 (64.7) 18 (75.0)  
Operation methods Cast 26 (51.0) 3 (12.5) 0.004a
  Intramedullary nail 15 (29.4) 10 (41.7)  
  External fixation 10 (19.6) 11 (45.8)  
Postoperative angulation <5 45 (88.2) 14 (58.3) 0.006
  ≥5 6 (11.8) 10 (41.7)  
  1. Data are presented as a number (percentage) and were analyzed by Fisher's exact test.
  2. aCast vs. intramedullary nail and external fixation.