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Table 1 Average JOA score of the shoulder before and 1 month after removal of fixation plate

From: Arthroscopic evaluation for omalgia patients undergoing the clavicular hook plate fixation of distal clavicle fractures

  JOA score of shoulder joint
  Pain Function ROMs (elevating + external rotation + internal rotation) Radiographic evaluation Stability
Preoperative 15 ± 5.2 11.7 ± 1.9 14.8 ± 3.4 5 15
Postoperative 28 ± 2.4 19.2 ± 1.0 26.8 ± 2.6 5 15
t 11.8 12.1 10.5   
p < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001   
  1. ROM range of movement, JOA the Japanese Orthopaedic Association.