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Table 1 Knee thicknesses after joint capsule exposure and maximum extensor angles detected at sacrifice

From: Protective effects of calcium gluconate on osteoarthritis induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection and partial medial meniscectomy in Sprague–Dawley rats

Groups Knee thicknesses after joint capsule exposure at sacrifice (mm) Maximum extensor angles (degrees)
Controls   
  Sham 7.72 ± 0.27 31.63 ± 3.46
  OA 9.76 ± 0.60a 66.88 ± 7.47a
  Diclofenac 9.16 ± 0.28ac 47.13 ± 7.26ac
Calcium gluconate-treated  
  100 mg/kg 8.96 ± 0.40ac 39.50 ± 6.52bc
  50 mg/kg 9.16 ± 0.20ac 47.38 ± 7.48ac
  25 mg/kg 9.52 ± 0.64a 66.75 ± 10.33a
  1. After 84 days of continuous oral treatment of calcium gluconate or subcutaneous treatment of diclofenac sodium in OA rats. Values are expressed as mean ± SD of eight rats. OA, osteoarthritis; ap < 0.01 and bp < 0.05 compared with sham control; cp < 0.01 compared with OA control.