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Table 1 Indications for decompression and lumbar fusion

From: Recombinant human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in posterolateral lumbar spine fusion: complications in the elderly

Indications for surgery (multiple reasons possible) Number Percentage
Back pain 395 82.0%
Radicular leg pain 325 67.4%
Degenerative disc 33 6.8%
Spondylolisthesis 228 47.3%
Instability 173 35.9%
Spondylosis 70 14.5%
Stenosis 430 89.2%
Failed previous fusion 18 3.7%