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Table 3 Force, displacement and stiffness (mean ± standard deviation)

From: The effects of thermal capsulorrhaphy of medial parapatellar capsule on patellar lateral displacement

Group Force (N) Displacement (mm) Stiffness (N/mm)
Healthy subjects 17.6 ± 4.8 10.7 ± 3.7 1.91 ± 0.92
Cadaver before thermal shrinkage 23.2 ± 4.5 10.5 ± 1.9 2.27 ± 0.54
Cadaver after thermal shrinkage 22.9 ± 3.2 10.9 ± 1.9 2.15 ± 0.43
Cadaver after open surgery 25.3 ± 3.9 5.7 ± 1.9 5.10 ± 2.53