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Table 2 Mean (95% confidence interval) difference between conditions in average rectified values of EMG activity (μV) of VM and VL during sit to stand

From: Effect of shoe heel height on vastus medialis and vastus lateralis electromyographic activity during sit to stand

Comparison VM VL
Barefoot v 1 cm 11.9 (-3.6 to 27.4) 4.9 (-3.2 to 13.0)
Barefoot v 3 cm 19.8 (-1.6 to 41.1) 8.8 (2.1 to 15.6) **
Barefoot v 5 cm 18.0 (5.8 to 30.3) ** 9.5 (1.3 to 17.8) *
1 cm v 3 cm 7.8 (-9.2 to 24.8) 3.9 (-3.7 to 11.6)
1 cm v 5 cm 6.1 (-7.5 to 19.7) 4.6 (-3.6 to 13.0)
3 cm v 5 cm -1.7 (-15.6 to 12.1) 0.7 (-6.5 to 8.0)
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05, **Significant at p < 0.01