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  1. Broken stems are particularly challenging in revision hip arthroplasty, as no standard extraction instruments fit anymore. Well-integrated uncemented stem remnants can be particularly arduous to remove. Stem f...

    Authors: Peter Wahl, Theo Solinger, Michel Schläppi and Emanuel Gautier

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:221

    Content type: Technical note

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  2. Iliac crest is the most preferred autogenous bone graft harvesting donor site while it has sorts of complications like prolonged pain, hematoma, and fracture. Harvesting cancellous bone from proximal tibia is ...

    Authors: Hanju Kim, Ajit Kumar Kar, Aditya Kaja, Eic Ju Lim, Wonseok Choi, Whee Sung Son, Jong-Keon Oh, Seungyeob Sakong and Jae-Woo Cho

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:220

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Pedicle screw loosening is a major complication following spinal fixation associated with osteoporosis in elderly. However, denosumab is a promising treatment in patients with osteoporosis. The effect of denos...

    Authors: Soji Tani, Koji Ishikawa, Yoshifumi Kudo, Koki Tsuchiya, Akira Matsuoka, Hiroshi Maruyama, Haruka Emori, Ryo Yamamura, Chikara Hayakawa, Masaya Sekimizu, Yusuke Oshita, Tomoyuki Ozawa, Toshiyuki Shirahata, Takashi Nagai, Tomoaki Toyone and Katsunori Inagaki

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:219

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Some propitious mid- and long-term studies had been reported for MoM bearings; however, most studies have addressed specific patient groups rather than younger, active patients, who probably represent the most...

    Authors: Sheng-Yu Jin, Jing-Yao Jin, Joon-Kyoo Kang, Taek-Rim Yoon and Kyung-Soon Park

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:218

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Although excellent clinical outcomes of supercapsular percutaneously assisted total hip arthroplasty (SuperPath) have been reported, the peri-operative blood loss has rarely been reported. The current study de...

    Authors: Yong Hu, Min-Cong Wang, Tao Wang, Yue Meng, Xiao-Min Chao, Hui-Feng Zhu, Cheng-Guo Li, Cheng-Long Pan and He-Bei He

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:217

    Content type: Research article

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  6. A detailed understanding of scaphoid anatomy helps anatomic fracture reduction, and optimal screw position. Therefore, we analysed (1) the size and shape variations of the cartilage and osseous surface, (2) th...

    Authors: Marc-Daniel Ahrend, Teun Teunis, Hansrudi Noser, Florian Schmidutz, Geoff Richards, Boyko Gueorguiev and Lukas Kamer

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:216

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The prevalence of osteoporosis is rising steadily as the aging population increases. Bone mineral density (BMD) assessment is a golden standard to establish the diagnosis of osteoporosis. However, the accessib...

    Authors: Wei-Hsiu Hsu, Wei-Bin Hsu, Chun-Hao Fan and Robert Wen-Wei Hsu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:215

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Tandem spinal stenosis (TSS) has a complex clinical presentation, and there is no consensus on the optimal surgical strategy. This study retrospectively compared the efficacy of different staged operations and...

    Authors: Junming Cao, Xianda Gao, Yipeng Yang, Tao Lei, Yong Shen, Linfeng Wang and Zheng Tian

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:214

    Content type: Research article

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  9. This study compared the biomechanics of artificial pedicle fixation in spine reconstruction with a 3-dimensional (3D)-printed prosthesis after total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) by finite element analysis.

    Authors: Xiaodong Wang, Hanpeng Xu, Ye Han, Jincheng Wu, Yang Song, Yuanyuan Jiang, Jianzhong Wang and Jun Miao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:213

    Content type: Research article

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  10. To manage patellofemoral joint disorders, a complete understanding of the in vivo patellofemoral kinematics is critical. However, as one of the parameters of joint kinematics, the location and orientation of t...

    Authors: Zhenguo Yu, Hong Cai, Bin Yang, Jie Yao, Ke Zhang, Hua Tian and Zhongjun Liu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:212

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Electroacupuncture (EA) alleviates chronic pain and acute postoperative pain after several surgical procedures. However, whether EA facilitates postoperative functional recovery after arthroscopic surgery has ...

    Authors: Chiu-Ming Chang, Cheng-En Hsu, Yu-Chen Lee, Chen-Wei Yeh and Yung-Cheng Chiu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:211

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The study is aimed to propose an arthroscopic repair technique using a pre-tied suture device for peripheral TFCC (triangular fibrocartilage complex) tear with proximal component involvement.

    Authors: Mengchun Tsai, Yi-Hsuan Lin, Chih-Hao Chiu, Chun-Ying Cheng, Yi-Sheng Chan and Alvin Chao-Yu Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:210

    Content type: Technical note

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  13. Zones 2 and 3 fifth metatarsal fractures are often treated with intramedullary fixation due to an increased risk of nonunion. A previous 3-dimensional (3D) computerized tomography (CT) imaging study by our gro...

    Authors: Rusheel Nayak, Joshua Barrett, Milap S. Patel, Mauricio P. Barbosa and Anish R. Kadakia

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:209

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Deer antler is a zoological exception due to its fantastic characteristics, including amazing growth rate and repeatable regeneration. Deer antler has been used as a key ingredient in traditional Chinese medic...

    Authors: Mengqi Guan, Daian Pan, Mei Zhang, Xiangyang Leng and Baojin Yao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:208

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Periprosthetic fracture of the tibia after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty has been reported to be associated with excessive pin holes created for stabilization of the cutting guide. However, fractures have...

    Authors: Elvis Chun-sing Chui, Lawrence Chun-man Lau, Carson Ka-bon Kwok, Jonathan Patrick Ng, Yuk-wah Hung, Patrick Shu-hang Yung and Jason Chi-ho Fan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:205

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Locking plate osteosynthesis via an L-shaped lateral approach is the gold standard in treating displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. High complication rates are known for this approach. The most frequ...

    Authors: Eva Steinhausen, Wolfgang Martin, Rolf Lefering, Sven Lundin, Martin Glombitza, Bastian Mester, Nikolaus Brinkmann and Marcel Dudda

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:203

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The aim of this study is to histologically and biomechanically investigate the effects of local PRP and ozone therapy (O2O3) on tendon-to-bone healing in a rabbit model of the supraspinatus tendon tear.

    Authors: Murat Gurger, Gokhan Once, Erhan Yilmaz, Sukru Demir, Ilknur Calik, Yakup Say, Ahmet Kavakli, Sefa Key, Mustafa Umit Gurbuz and Onur Bingollu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:202

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS III) comprises a group of rare lysosomal storage diseases. Although musculoskeletal symptoms are less pronounced than in other MPS subtypes, pathologies of hip and spine hav...

    Authors: Sandra Rafaela Breyer, Eik Vettorazzi, Leonie Schmitz, Amit Gulati, Katharina Maria von Cossel, Alexander Spiro, Martin Rupprecht, Ralf Stuecker and Nicole Maria Muschol

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:201

    Content type: Research article

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  19. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Qi Li, Guo Mu, Xiangbo Liu and Milian Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:200

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:77

  20. Utilizing intrawound vancomycin powder in TKA surgery has yielded rather contrasting results in the current literature. Furthermore, CDC criteria, although effective in general, are not specifically designed f...

    Authors: Mohammad Naghi Tahmasebi, Arash Sharafat Vaziri, Fardis Vosoughi, Mohamad Tahami, Majid Khalilizad and Hamid Rabie

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:199

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Cement mantle penetration and the cement–bone interface strength were critical to a successful primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). It remained unclear whether decreased blood and fat in the cancellous bone ...

    Authors: Changjiao Sun, Xin Yang, Xiaofei Zhang, Qi Ma, Peng Yu, Xu Cai and Yonggang Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:198

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The surgical approaches remain controversial for the treatment of middle and distal-third humeral shaft (MDTHS) fractures. This study compared clinical effects of the anterolateral approach with two incisions ...

    Authors: Qiang Huang, Yao Lu, Zhi Meng Wang, Liang Sun, Teng Ma, Qian Wang, Ming Li, Hong Liang Liu, Ming Ming Hou, Han Zhong Xue, Kun Zhang and Zhong Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:197

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The best treatment for acute Achilles tendon ruptures remains controversial. No cohort studies have compared different immobilisation durations after open surgery. This retrospective cohort study aimed to dete...

    Authors: Xiang Yu Xu, Shan Gao, Yang Lv, Fang Zhou, Chen Jiao, Ji Xing Fan and Teng Jiao Zhu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:196

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Osteoporosis (OP) and osteoarthritis (OA) commonly coexist in postmenopausal females. The decrease in bone density and increase in bone resorption in postmenopausal females with OP may consequently affect the ...

    Authors: Rui Ma, Mengjun Wu, Yongwei Li, Jialin Wang, Pei Yang, Yuanyuan Chen, Wei Wang, Jinhui Song and Kunzheng Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:195

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. To analyze the impact of spino cranial angle (SCA) on alteration of cervical alignment after multi-level anterior cervical discectomy fusion (ACDF) and explore the relationship between SCA and health-related q...

    Authors: Zheng Wang, Zhi-Wei Wang, Xi-Wen Fan, Xian-Da Gao, Wen-Yuan Ding and Da-Long Yang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:194

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Leg length (LL) and offset (OS) are important factors in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Because most LL and OS callipers used in THA depend on fixed points on the pelvis and the femur, limb position could affec...

    Authors: Haruo Kawamura, Yasuhiko Watanabe, Tomofumi Nishino and Hajime Mishima

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:193

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Rotational acetabular osteotomy (RAO) is a type of pelvic osteotomy performed to improve the acetabular bony coverage against the femoral head for patients with acetabular dysplasia. The acetabular bony covera...

    Authors: Takeyuki Tanaka, Toru Moro, Hisatoshi Ishikura, Kazuaki Hashikura, Taizo Kaneko and Sakae Tanaka

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:192

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Ulnar head fractures are increasingly higher with the growing proportion of the elderly people. Failure to achieve a stable anatomic reduction of ulna head fracture may lead to a distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ)...

    Authors: Yue Zhang, Qin Shao, Chensong Yang, Changqing Ai, Di Zhou, Yang Yu and Guixin Sun

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:191

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. It is reported that osteoporosis commonly occurs among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), whereas the association between osteoporosis and osteoarthritis (OA) remains controversial. Our aim in this study...

    Authors: Zhongxin Zhu, Gangfeng Hu, Fang Jin and Xiaocong Yao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:190

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Osteoporosis (OP) is increasingly prevalent with the aging of the world population. It is urgent to identify efficient diagnostic signatures for the clinical application.

    Authors: Xinlei Chen, Guangping Liu, Shuxiang Wang, Haiyang Zhang and Peng Xue

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:189

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is most frequently planned using conventional two-dimensional weight-bearing lower limb radiographs and is performed with conventional femoral and tibial cutting guides. Questions...

    Authors: Kevin Moerenhout, Behrang Allami, Georgios Gkagkalis, Olivier Guyen and Brigitte M. Jolles

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:188

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The aim of this study is to analyse the re-operation rate after surgical treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talus (OCLTs) in children and adolescents.

    Authors: Daniel Körner, Christoph E. Gonser, Stefan Döbele, Christian Konrads, Fabian Springer and Gabriel Keller

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:187

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Mini-hook plate has been described for the treatment of various small avulsion fragments in the hand. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate clinical outcomes after mini-hook plate fixation in patients wit...

    Authors: Jung Il Lee, Ki-Chul Park, Hyun Soo So and Duk Hee Lee

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:186

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. The decision to resurface the patella as part of total knee arthroplasty may be influenced by the surgeon’s preference, education, training, tradition and geographic location. Advocates for non-resurfacing or ...

    Authors: Thomas Parsons, Talal Al-Jabri, Nick D. Clement, Nicola Maffulli and Deiary F. Kader

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:185

    Content type: Systematic review

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  35. Orthopedic manifestations of congenital insensitivity to pain (CIP) can be devastating if left untreated. Knee deformities are common in patients with CIP and might lead to joint destruction and loss of walkin...

    Authors: Soroush Baghdadi, Sadegh Saberi and Taghi Baghdadi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:184

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The medical community has recognized overweight as an epidemic negatively affecting a large proportion of the pediatric population, but few studies have been performed to investigate the relationship between o...

    Authors: Yu Liu, Chunjie Liu, Dongmei Guo, Ning Wang, Ying Zhao and Dan Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:182

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. This article has been retracted. Please see the Retraction Notice for more detail: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13018-019-1458-5.

    Authors: Yong-Gon Koh, Jin-Ah Lee, Hwa-Yong Lee, Dong-Suk Suh, Hyo-Jeong Kim and Kyoung-Tak Kang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:181

    Content type: Retraction Note

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    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:400

  38. Acromioclavicular joint dislocation is a shoulder joint injury common in the clinical setting and is generally surgically treated with clavicular hook plate technique with confirmed curative effect. However, s...

    Authors: Rui Qiao, Jiarui Yang, Kun Zhang and Zhe Song

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:180

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Patella fractures requiring surgery are traditionally treated using metallic implants, which are associated with high re-operation rates, mainly due to implant prominence. To overcome the problem of prominent ...

    Authors: J. Adjal and I. Ban

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:179

    Content type: Technical note

    Published on:

  40. There is little information available regarding the cage diameter that can provide the most rigid construct reconstruction after total en bloc spondylectomy (TES). The aim of this study was thus to determine t...

    Authors: Permsak Paholpak, Winai Sirichativapee, Taweechok Wisanuyotin, Weerachai Kosuwon, Yuichi Kasai and Hideki Murakami

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:178

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Dissimilar total knee arthroplasty implant designs offer different functional characteristics. This is the first work in the literature to fully assess the Columbus ultra-congruent mobile (UCR) system with a r...

    Authors: Dimitrios-Sokratis Komaris, Cheral Govind, Andrew James Murphy, Jon Clarke, Alistair Ewen, Hollie Leonard and Philip Riches

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:177

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Whether the cement should be used in the total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was still in controversy. This meta-analysis was performed to compare the efficacy of two kinds of fixation.

    Authors: Yuan Liu, Yi Zeng, Yuangang Wu, Mingyang Li, Huiqi Xie and Bin Shen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:176

    Content type: Systematic review

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  43. Pleomorphic liposarcoma is the least common but most aggressive subtype of liposarcoma. Very few studies have presented data on pleomorphic liposarcoma specifically, often including a limited number of cases a...

    Authors: Lu Wan, Chao Tu, Lin Qi and Zhihong Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:175

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:228

  44. Hip fracture is common and carries high morbidity and mortality; thus, it has become a vital concern. We aim to analyse the present status, worldwide trends in hip fracture and state of clinical research.

    Authors: Guanrong Peng, Zhenhua Guan, Yunfei Hou, Jiaxiang Gao, Wenqun Rao, Xianyun Yuan, Jiusheng Guo, Xiaohua Huang, Zhangrong Zhong and Jianhao Lin

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:174

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. A few literatures reported that the outcomes of total knee replacement (TKR) in posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) were lower compared to TKR in primary osteoarthritis (primary OA). The study’s purpose was to...

    Authors: Ong-art Phruetthiphat, Biagio Zampogna, Sebastiano Vasta, Benyapa Tassanawipas, Yubo Gao and John J. Callaghan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:173

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. The iliac crest is one of the most used bone graft sources. In this study, we aimed to identify the effects of inner side and two-sided approaches for iliac crest bone harvesting on post-surgery ilium growth i...

    Authors: Xin Chen, Kai Chen and Yuxi Su

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:169

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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