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  1. Remarkably little research has been published on chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) of the forearm. This study investigated forearm flexor compartment pressure pre- and post-exercise in elite motor...

    Authors: Dominic P. O’Dowd, Heike Romer, Richard Hughes, Noel Harding, Samantha Ball, Filippo Migliorini and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:603

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Linear blisters (LBs) often occur around dressings when negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is used to cover open wounds. Tension blisters may increase the wound infection incidence rate, delay the start of...

    Authors: Congming Zhang, Qian Wang, Zhimeng Wang, Qiang Huang, Chenchen Zhang, Ning Duan, Hua Lin, Teng Ma, Kun Zhang, Hanzhong Xue and Zhong Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:602

    Content type: Technical note

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  3. The COVID-19 pandemic represents one of the most massive health emergencies in the last century and has caused millions of deaths worldwide and a massive economic and social burden. The aim of this study was t...

    Authors: Gianluca Testa, Marco Sapienza, Fabrizia Rabuazzo, Annalisa Culmone, Fabiana Valenti, Andrea Vescio and Vito Pavone

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:601

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) has become an interest over the last few decades, discovering its understanding in anatomy, pathomechanism, biomechanics, and management in treatments. Currently, TFCC ...

    Authors: Chia-Hung Hung, Yu-Feng Kuo, Yu-Jen Chen, Ping-Chun Yeh, Hsiao-Yun Cho and Yeong-Jang Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:600

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Rehmanniae Radix Preparata (RRP) can effectively improve the symptoms of osteoporosis, but its molecular mechanism for treating osteoporosis is still unclear. The objective of this study is to investigate the ant...

    Authors: Li Ou, Wenqian Kang, Ziyi Liang, Feng Gao, Taiwei Dong, Peifeng Wei and Min Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:599

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Despite a relatively high risk for complications and reoperations, mega prostheses are considered a useful method for reconstruction of bone defects after tumour resections. The total number of reoperations ha...

    Authors: Christina Berger, Sofia Larsson, Peter Bergh, Helena Brisby and David Wennergren

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:598

    Content type: Research article

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  7. This study was aimed to explore (1) location on AP pelvic X-ray that displayed bone stock in anterosuperior acetabulum; (2) whether X-ray could provide enough evidence to evaluate whether bone stock could prov...

    Authors: Jingwei Zhang, Keyu Kong, Yingjun Chi, Xiaoliang Liu, Yiming Zeng and Huiwu Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:597

    Content type: Research article

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  8. To evaluate the influence of Nordic walking (NW) on hip joint loads in order to determine whether it can be safely performed during postoperative physiotherapy in patients after orthopeadic surgery of the hip.

    Authors: Yannick Palmowski, Srdan Popovic, Simone G. Schuster, Sebastian Hardt and Philipp Damm

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:596

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by joint pain and joint function limitation. Hsa_circ_0045714 (circ_0045714) is a novel OA-related circular RNA. However, its repertoire remains to be further clarified in ...

    Authors: Ran Ding, Jinsong Zhou, Jianguo Xu, Huajie Lu, Tingting Zhang, Xiong Xiang and Zhen Shi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:595

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Varieties of animals were used to study osteoarthritis pathogenesis. The Diannan small-ear pig, which is native to Yunnan, China, is thought to have an articular anatomy similar to that of humans and is more l...

    Authors: Di Jia, Ruixian Zhang, Yinghong He, Guofeng Cai, Jiali Zheng, Yuye Yang and Yanlin Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:594

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To evaluate the biomechanical influence after percutaneous endoscopic lumbar facetectomy in different diameters on segmental range of motion (ROM) and intradiscal pressure (IDP) of the relevant segments by est...

    Authors: Yin Shi, Yi-Zhou Xie, Qun Zhou, Yang Yu and Xiao-Hong Fan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:593

    Content type: Research article

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  12. With the increasing incidence of osteoporosis, vitamin K and calcium have been linked to bone mineral density (BMD) and undercarboxylated osteocalcin (UcOC) in many studies, but the results of studies of the c...

    Authors: Liyou Hu, Jindou Ji, Dong Li, Jing Meng and Bo Yu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:592

    Content type: Systematic review

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  13. Adductor canal block (ACB) with additional nerve blocks (ANBs) is reported to provide adequate analgesia and enhanced functional rehabilitation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The present study aims to evalu...

    Authors: Qianhao Li, Qinsheng Hu, Mohammed Alqwbani, Donghai Li, Zhouyuan Yang, Qiuru Wang and Pengde Kang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:591

    Content type: Research article

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  14. To determine the long-term effects (a minimum follow-up time 8.8 years) of cemented and cementless fixations used for total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

    Authors: Cheng Chen, Yanyan Shi, Zhanpo Wu, Zengxin Gao, Youmin Chen, Changzheng Guo and Xianguo Bao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:590

    Content type: Systematic review

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  15. Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is a common non-structural muscle injury which can disrupt training and impair performance in elite athletes. Vibration therapy reduces inflammation and improves neuromuscu...

    Authors: Harold Akehurst, John E. Grice, Manuela Angioi, Dylan Morrissey, Filippo Migliorini and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:589

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Ultrasound examination can be applied to the diagnosis of pediatric elbow fracture. This study aims to analyze the application value of ultrasound in the surgical treatment of supracondylar humeral fractures.

    Authors: Yang Wu, Rongbin Lu, Shijie Liao, Xiaofei Ding, Wei Su and Qinjun Wei

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:588

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In complex injuries, external fixation device represents a challenge to maintain negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT). In this trial, we compared a combination of bone wax and colostomy paste versus bone wax...

    Authors: Wei Fan, Fushan Hou, Kun Xi, Chen Hao, Xiangdong Lu and Bin Zhao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:587

    Content type: Research article

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  18. We investigated the safety of primary hip and knee replacements with same day discharge (SDD) and their effect on length of stay (LOS) of traditional inpatient arthroplasties at our elective orthopaedic ward.

    Authors: Gyorgy Lovasz, Attila Aros, Ferenc Toth, John Va Faye and Marco La Malfa

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:585

    Content type: Research article

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  19. For lumbar degenerative diseases, cage subsidence is a serious complication and can result in the failure of indirect decompression in the oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) procedure. Whether additional l...

    Authors: Tenghui Ge, Jintao Ao, Guanqing Li, Zhao Lang and Yuqing Sun

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:584

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The analgesic efficacy of magnesium sulphate added to bupivacaine for arthroscopy remains controversial. We conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the efficacy of magnesium sulphate in combin...

    Authors: Weineng Xiang, Lin Jiang, Langtao Shi, Chengming Jiang, Yun Zhou and Chunhua Yang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:583

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Excessive external femoral rotation (FR) can functionally increase stem anteversion (SA) and is often observed at an early stage after surgery in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study was conducted...

    Authors: Hyonmin Choe, Naomi Kobayashi, Daigo Kobayashi, Shintaro Watanabe, Koki Abe, Taro Tezuka, Yusuke Kawabata, Masanobu Takeyama and Yutaka Inaba

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:582

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Standard lateral knee-joint X-ray images are crucial for the accurate diagnosis and treatment of many knee-joint-related conditions. However, it is difficult to obtain standard lateral knee-joint X-ray images ...

    Authors: Shiming Wang, Zhibo Xiao, Yunfeng Lu, Zhiwei Zhang and Fajin Lv

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:581

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) is the most recovered species from the root canals after failed root canal treatment. Calcium phosphate bone cement (CPC) scaffold is promising for applications in endodontic t...

    Authors: Shizhou Wu, Michael D. Weir, Lei Lei, Jun Liu and Hockin H. K. Xu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:580

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Osteoporosis is a widespread chronic disease characterized by low bone density. There is currently no gold standard treatment for osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to explore the role and mechanism of As...

    Authors: Wei Bing Jing, Hongjuan Ji, Rui Jiang and Jinlong Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:579

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Osteosarcoma is the most prevalent malignant osseous sarcoma in children and adolescents, whose prognosis is still relatively poor nowadays. Recent studies have shown the critical function and potential clinic...

    Authors: Jingyu Zhong, Guangcheng Zhang and Weiwu Yao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:578

    Content type: Systematic review

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  26. The purpose of this study was to evaluate return to sports (RTS) after opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) in elderly patients and associated factors affecting RTS.

    Authors: Akio Otoshi, Ken Kumagai, Shunsuke Yamada, Shuntaro Nejima, Takahiro Fujisawa, Kazuma Miyatake and Yutaka Inaba

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:576

    Content type: Research article

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  27. There have been debates on the necessity of fibular osteotomy (FO) in supramalleolar osteotomy (SMOT) for the treatment of varus ankle osteoarthritis. The purpose of the current study was to compare the clinic...

    Authors: Jing-Qi Liang, Jun-Hu Wang, Yan Zhang, Xiao-Dong Wen, Pei-Long Liu, Xiao-Jun Liang, Jun Lu, Yi Li and Hong-Mou Zhao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:575

    Content type: Research article

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  28. To use three-dimensional (3D) virtual models to study how the parameters and insertion rates of the infra-acetabular corridor (IAC) change under different fluoroscopic angles.

    Authors: Nengfeng Ma, Xufeng Hu, Zhoushan Tao and Min Yang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:574

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Knowledge of tibiofemoral and patellofemoral joint kinematics is important for understanding gender-related dimorphism in developing knee arthrofibrosis and advancement of related treatments. The objective of ...

    Authors: Ling Zhang, Shuai Fan, Jiling Ye, Xin Jiang and Bin Cai

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:573

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Postoperative moderate and severe anemia (PMSA) has been a serious perioperative complication in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the ideal cutoff values to predict PMSA is still undetermined. T...

    Authors: Guorui Cao, Xiuli Yang, Hong Xu, Chen Yue, Zeyu Huang, Shaoyun Zhang, Songtao Quan, Junna Yao, Minglu Yang and Fuxing Pei

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:572

    Content type: Research article

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  31. In osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures, supplementation using vitamin D preparations and maintenance of blood vitamin D level within the normal range are necessary for proper fracture union, enhanceme...

    Authors: Sangbong Ko, ChungMu Jun and Junho Nam

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:571

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The study was performed to evaluate the feasibility of utilizing small intestinal submucosa (SIS) scaffolds seeded with adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) for engineered tendon repairing rat Achil...

    Authors: Xing Guo, Hui Lv, ZhongWei Fan, Ke Duan, Jie Liang, LongFei Zou, Hao Xue, DengHua Huang, YuanHui Wang and MeiYun Tan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:570

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Of the several methods used to prevent surgical site infection (SSI), diluted povidone-iodine (PI) lavage is used widely. However, the clinical utility of PI for preventing periprosthetic joint infection (PJI)...

    Authors: Naomi Kobayashi, Emi Kamono, Kento Maeda, Toshihiro Misumi, Yohei Yukizawa and Yutaka Inaba

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:569

    Content type: Systematic review

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  34. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical effects of antibiotic calcium sulfate-loaded hybrid transport (ACSLHT) and traditional Ilizarov bone transport (TIBT) in the treatment of large tibial defe...

    Authors: Qiang Huang, Cheng Ren, Ming Li, YiBo Xu, Zhong Li, Hua Lin, Kun Zhang and Teng Ma

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:568

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Some studies have proved that labrum size is associated with symptoms in patients with hip labral tear. The correlation between the labrum size and the labral tear in asymptomatic volunteers and symptomatic pa...

    Authors: Guanying Gao, Qiang Fu, Ruiqi Wu, Rongge Liu, Yingfang Ao and Yan Xu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:567

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Soccer players have a high risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, a potentially career-ending event. ACL rupture has been linked with abnormal neuromuscular control in the lower limb. Additionally, h...

    Authors: George Kakavas, Nikolaos Malliaropoulos, Wieslaw Blach, Georgios Bikos, Filippo Migliorini and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:566

    Content type: Research article

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  37. There are various skin suture techniques for wound closure following carpal tunnel release, and well-performed suturing will result in low post-operative scar tenderness. The aim of this study was to compare t...

    Authors: Sitthiphong Suwannaphisit, Wachirakorn Aonsong, Porames Suwanno and Varah Yuenyongviwat

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:565

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The tumor necrosis factor-stimulated gene-6 (TSG-6) has been confirmed to inhibit inflammation. It is now generally accepted that local inflammatory stimulation around shoulder capsule causes proliferative fib...

    Authors: Zhongfan Liu, Yongrong Pei, Hao Zeng, Yibo Yang, Meng Que, Yuhui Xiao, Jing Wang and Xiaojun Weng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:564

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Although femoral neck fractures (FNFs) are common in orthopedic departments, optimal treatment methods remain in dispute. There are few large nationwide studies, including basicervical FNFs (bFNFs), on epidemi...

    Authors: Jonas Sundkvist, Anders Brüggeman, Arkan Sayed-Noor, Michael Möller, Olof Wolf and Sebastian Mukka

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:561

    Content type: Research article

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  40. This study aimed to develop and validate an individualized nomogram to predict the risk of positive hidden blood loss (HBL) in patients with single-level thoracolumbar burst fracture (TBF) during the periopera...

    Authors: Haosheng Wang, Tingting Fan, Zhi-Ri Tang, Wenle Li, Linjing Liu and Qiang Lin

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:560

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Hidden blood loss (HBL) represents an important complication of unilateral biportal endoscopic (UBE) spine surgery. This study aimed to evaluate HBL and its possible risk factors among patients undergoing UBE ...

    Authors: Haosheng Wang, Kai Wang, Bin Lv, Wenle Li, Tingting Fan, Jianwu Zhao, Mingyang Kang, Rongpeng Dong and Yang Qu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:559

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of clozapine use on bone tissue by applying computerized tomography, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and histological and biomechanical analyses in an expe...

    Authors: Bahattin Kerem Aydin, Selim Safali, Memduha Aydin, Umran Egilmez, Hakan Cebeci, Murat Çelik and Ummuhan Abdulrezzak

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:558

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The pathogenesis of hematogenous orthopaedic implant-associated infections (HOIAI) remains largely unknown, with little understanding of the influence of the physis on bacterial seeding. Since the growth veloc...

    Authors: John M. Thompson, Alyssa G. Ashbaugh, Yu Wang, Robert J. Miller, Julie E. Pickett, Daniel L. J. Thorek, Robert S. Sterling and Lloyd S. Miller

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:556

    Content type: Research article

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