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  1. Tension band wiring (TBW) remains the most common operative technique for the internal fixation of olecranon fractures despite the potential occurrence of subjective complaints due to subcutaneous position of ...

    Authors: Byron E. Chalidis, Nick C. Sachinis, Efthimios P. Samoladas, Christos G. Dimitriou and John D. Pournaras
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2008 3:9
  2. Polyethylene wear is an important factor for longevity of total knee arthroplasty. Proven and suspicious factors causing wear can be grouped as material, patient and surgery related. There are more studies cor...

    Authors: Markus Rohrbach, Martin Lüem and Peter E. Ochsner
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2008 3:8
  3. Excessive pronation (or eversion) at ankle joint in heel-toe running correlated with lower extremity overuse injuries. Orthotics and inserts are often prescribed to limit the pronation range to tackle the prob...

    Authors: Daniel TP Fong, Mak-Ham Lam, Miko LM Lao, Chad WN Chan, Patrick SH Yung, Kwai-Yau Fung, Pauline PY Lui and Kai-Ming Chan
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2008 3:7
  4. All prostheses with metallic components release metal debris that can potentially activate the immune system. However, implant-related metal hyper-reactivity has not been well characterized. In this study, we ...

    Authors: Nadim James Hallab, Marco Caicedo, Alison Finnegan and Joshua J Jacobs
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2008 3:6
  5. The various measurements of patellar tilting failed to isolate patellar tilting from the confounding effect of its neighboring bone rotation (femoral and tibial rotation) in people sustaining patellofemoral pa...

    Authors: Yeong-Fwu Lin, Mei-Hwa Jan, Da-Hon Lin and Cheng-Kung Cheng
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2008 3:5
  6. Animal models of fracture consolidation are fundamental for the understanding of the biological process of bone repair in humans, but histological studies are rare and provide only qualitative results. The obj...

    Authors: Marcos A Matos, Francisco P Araújo and Fabio B Paixão
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2008 3:4
  7. It has been proposed that high-heeled shoes may contribute to the development and progression of knee pain. However, surprisingly little research has been carried out on how shoe heel height affects muscle act...

    Authors: Lindsay Edwards, John Dixon, Jillian R Kent, David Hodgson and Vicki J Whittaker
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2008 3:2
  8. A bloodless operative field is considered mandatory for most surgical procedures on the upper and lower extremity. This is accomplished by using either an Esmarch bandage or a pneumatic tourniquet, but a numbe...

    Authors: Parul Mittal, Shweta Shenoy and Jaspal S Sandhu
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2008 3:1
  9. Growth factors are in clinical use to stimulate bone growth and regeneration. BMP-2 is used in long bone and spinal surgery, PDGFbb for the treatment of periodontal defects and children with growth hormone rec...

    Authors: Britt Wildemann, Nicole Burkhardt, Marc Luebberstedt, Thomas Vordemvenne and Gerhard Schmidmaier
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:27
  10. Pain and emesis are the two major complaints after day case surgery. Local anaesthesia has become an important part of optimizing intra and post-operative pain treatment, but is sometimes not entirely sufficie...

    Authors: Ibrahim Turan, Hamid Assareh, Christer Rolf and Jan Jakobsson
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:26
  11. Despite the numerous outcomes measures described it remains unclear what aspects of patient outcome are important in determining actual improvement following total knee arthroplasty revisions (TKAR). We perfor...

    Authors: Kevin J Mulhall, Hassan M Ghomrawi, Boris Bershadsky and Khaled J Saleh
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:25
  12. Halo-femoral traction could gradually improve the coronal and sagittal deformity and restore the trunk balance through the elongation of the spine. The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess the eff...

    Authors: Yong Qiu, Zhen Liu, Feng Zhu, Bin Wang, Yang Yu, Zezhang Zhu, Bangping Qian and Weiwei Ma
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:23
  13. Acromioclavicular injuries are common in sports medicine. Surgical intervention is generally advocated for chronic instability of Rockwood grade III and more severe injuries. Various methods of coracoclavicula...

    Authors: Guntur E Luis, Chee-Khuen Yong, Deepak A Singh, S Sengupta and David SK Choon
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:22
  14. The purpose of this investigation was to design and verify the capabilities of an in vitro loading-measurement system that mimics in vivo unconstrained three dimensional (3D) relative motion between long bone ...

    Authors: John C Janicek, William L Carson and David A Wilson
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:21
  15. Restrictive impairment is the commonest reported pulmonary deficit in AIS, which improves following surgical operation. However, exact mechanism of how improvement is brought about is unknown. Dynamic fast bre...

    Authors: Winnie C W Chu, Bobby K W Ng, Albert M Li, Tsz-ping Lam, Wynnie W M Lam and Jack C Y Cheng
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:20
  16. Asymmetrical growth of the vertebrae has been implicated as one possible etiologic factor in the pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. The longitudinal vertebral growth derives from the endochondral...

    Authors: Shoufeng Wang, Yong Qiu, Zezhang Zhu, Zhaolong Ma, Caiwei Xia and Feng Zhu
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:19
  17. To evaluate the feasibility of the method that unilateral pedicle screws asymmetric tethering in concave side in combination with convex rib resection for creating idiopathic deformity.

    Authors: Yonggang Zhang, Yan Wang, Guoquan Zheng, Xuesong Zhang, Ruyi Zhang and Wei Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:18
  18. In idiopathic scoliosis patients, after anterior spinal fusion and instrumentation, the discs (interspace angle) between the lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) and the next caudal vertebra became more wedged. ...

    Authors: Yipeng Wang, Guixing Qiu, Bin Yu, Jianguo Zhang, Jiayi Li, Xisheng Weng, Jianxiong Shen, Qi Fei and Qiyi Li
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:17
  19. Thoracoscopic anterior release has been shown that it can effectively improve spinal flexibility in animal and human cadaveric studies, and has been advocated for use in patients with scoliosis. This prospecti...

    Authors: Kenneth MC Cheung, Jing-ping Wu, Qing-he Cheng, Bonnie SC Ma, Ji-chang Gao and Keith DK Luk
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:16
  20. Increased bone marrow lipid deposition in steroid-associated osteonecrosis (ON) implies that abnormalities in fat metabolism play an important role in ON development. The increase in lipid deposition might be ...

    Authors: Hui Sheng, Ge Zhang, Wing Cheung, Chun Chan, Yi Wang, Kwong Lee, Hong Wang, Kwok Leung and Ling Qin
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:15
  21. Evidence has strongly indicated that surface-active phospholipid (SAPL), or surfactant, lines the surface of cartilage and serves as a lubricating agent. Previous clinical study showed that a saturated phospha...

    Authors: Yi Chen, Ross W Crawford and Adekunle Oloyede
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:14
  22. Intensive eccentric exercise can cause muscle damage. We simulated an animal model of isokinetic eccentric exercise by repetitively stretching stimulated triceps surae muscle-tendon units to determine if such ...

    Authors: Yang-Hwei Tsuang, Shui-Ling Lam, Lien-Chen Wu, Chang-Jung Chiang, Li-Ting Chen, Pei-Yu Chen, Jui-Sheng Sun and Chien-Che Wang
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:13
  23. To assess the gender related impact of osteoarthritis (OA) on quality of life (QoL) and health service utilization (HSU) of primary care patients in Germany.

    Authors: Thomas Rosemann, Gunter Laux and Joachim Szecsenyi
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:12
  24. Football is officially the most popular sport in the world. In the UK, 10% of the adult population play football at least once a year. Despite this, there are few papers in the literature on tibial diaphyseal ...

    Authors: Winston R Chang, Zain Kapasi, Susan Daisley and William J Leach
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:11
  25. Endoscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction can be performed through one-incision or two-incision technique. The current one-incision endoscopic ACL single bundle reconstruction techniques attem...

    Authors: Raffaele Garofalo, Biagio Moretti, Cyril Kombot, Lorenzo Moretti and Elyazid Mouhsine
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:10
  26. To identify high-risk patients and provide pharmacological treatment is one of the effective approaches in prevention of osteoporotic fractures. This study investigated the effect of 12-month Alendronate treat...

    Authors: Ling Qin, Wingyee Choy, Szeki Au, Musei Fan and Pingchung Leung
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:9
  27. The human femur is the subsystem of the locomotor apparatus and has got four levels of its organization. This phenomenon is the result of the evolution of the locomotor apparatus, encompassing both constitutio...

    Authors: Ali A Samaha, Alexander V Ivanov, John J Haddad, Alexander I Kolesnik, Safaa Baydoun, Irena N Yashina, Rana A Samaha and Dimetry A Ivanov
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:8
  28. A finite element model has been developed to predict in vivo micro motion between a modular acetabular cup and liner after cement less total hip arthroplasty. The purpose of this study is to experimentally val...

    Authors: Francisco Romero, Farid Amirouche, Luke Aram and Mark H Gonzalez
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:7
  29. Outcomes of surgical intervention for lumbar synovial cysts have been evaluated in the short and intermediate term. Concerns regarding cyst recurrence, the development of late instability at the involved level...

    Authors: Bradley K Weiner, Joel Torretti and Michael Stauff
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:5
  30. We present a case report of a free thenar flap surgery done for a volar right hand middle finger, distal and middle phalanx degloving injury. A free thenar flap is a fasciocutaneous sensate flap supplied by a ...

    Authors: Rajesh Garg, Boris KK Fung, Shew Ping Chow and Wing yuk Ip
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:4
  31. The relationship between severity of preoperative radiographic findings and surgical outcomes following decompression for lumbar degenerative spinal canal stenosis is unclear. Our aim in this paper was to gain...

    Authors: Bradley K Weiner, Nilesh M Patel and Matthew A Walker
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:3
  32. The ability to combine physiology and engineering analyses with computer sciences has opened the door to the possibility of creating the "Virtual Human" reality. This paper presents a broad foundation for a fu...

    Authors: Edmund YS Chao, Robert S. Armiger, Hiroaki Yoshida, Jonathan Lim and Naoki Haraguchi
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:2
  33. Fixed and mobile-bearing in total knee arthroplasty are still discussed controversially. In this article, biomechanical and clinical aspects in both fixed and mobile-bearing designs were reviewed. In biomechan...

    Authors: Chun-Hsiung Huang, Jiann-Jong Liau and Cheng-Kung Cheng
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:1
  34. Metastatic diseases and infections frequently involve the spine. This is the result of seeding of the vertebral body by tumor cells or bacteria delivered by venous blood from Batson's plexus, which is hypothes...

    Authors: Ming-Long Yeh, Michael H. Heggeness, Hsiang-Ho Chen, Jennifer Jassawalla and Zong-Ping Luo
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2006 1:18
  35. The purpose of this prospective randomised study is to evaluate the efficacy, safety and the appropriate dose of the ropivacaine in the control of post-knee arthroscopy pain.

    Authors: Efthimios P Samoladas, Byron Chalidis, Hlias Fotiadis, Ioanis Terzidis, Thomas Ntobas and Miltos Koimtzis
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2006 1:17
  36. Treatment options for comminuted tibial shaft fractures include plating, intramedullary nailing, and external fixation. No biomechanical comparison between an interlocking tibia nail with external fixation by ...

    Authors: Erik Hasenboehler, Wade R. Smith, Laurence Laudicina, Giby C. Philips, Philip F. Stahel and Steven J. Morgan
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2006 1:16
  37. Mechanical loading of cartilage influences chondrocyte metabolism and gene expression. The gene encoding type X collagen is expressed specifically by hypertrophic chondrocytes and up regulated during osteoarth...

    Authors: Xu Yang, Peter S Vezeridis, Brian Nicholas, Joseph J Crisco, Douglas C Moore and Qian Chen
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2006 1:15
  38. To investigate the accuracy of Osteoporosis Self-assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA) in identifying the risk of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. To validate use of OSTA risk index by comparing it with the b...

    Authors: ChunYan Lu, DeCai Chen, YunHua Cai and SongQuan Wei
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2006 1:14
  39. High-energy trauma may result in uncommon open injuries around the elbow joint. The management of these injuries can be difficult.

    Authors: Constantinos J Kazakos, Vasilios G Galanis, Dennis-Alexander J Verettas, Alexandra Dimitrakopoulou, Alexandros Polychronidis and Constantinos Simopoulos
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2006 1:12
  40. To evaluate the clinical feature, operative method and prognosis of thoracic ossification of ligamentum flavum caused by skeletal fluorosis.

    Authors: Wenbao Wang, Linghua Kong, Heyuan Zhao, Ronghua Dong, Jing Zhou and Yun Lu
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2006 1:10

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2007 2:6

  41. The low proliferative viability of human nucleus pulposus(NP) cells is considered as a cause of intervertebral discs degeneration. Growth factors, such as TGF-β1 and IGF-1, have been implicated in cell prolife...

    Authors: Rongfeng Zhang, Dike Ruan and Chao Zhang
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2006 1:9
  42. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive and debilitating disease that often develops from a focal lesion and may take years to clinically manifest to a complete loss of joint structure and function. Currently, th...

    Authors: Aaron M Stoker, James L Cook, Keiichi Kuroki and Derek B Fox
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2006 1:8
  43. Caffeine consumption has been reported to decrease bone mineral density (BMD), increase the risk of hip fracture, and negatively influence calcium retention. In this study, we investigated the influence of caf...

    Authors: Yang-Hwei Tsuang, Jui-Sheng Sun, Li-Ting Chen, Samuel Chung-Kai Sun and San-Chi Chen
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2006 1:7
  44. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a condition in which bone growth irregularities subject articular cartilage to higher mechanical stresses, increase susceptibility to subluxation, and elevate the ri...

    Authors: Mary E Russell, Kiran H Shivanna, Nicole M Grosland and Douglas R Pedersen
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2006 1:6
  45. Proximal femoral bone loss during revision hip arthroplasty often requires bypassing the deficient metaphyseal bone to obtain distal fixation. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of stem diam...

    Authors: R Michael Meneghini, Nadim J Hallab, Richard A Berger, Joshua J Jacobs, Wayne G Paprosky and Aaron G Rosenberg
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2006 1:5

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