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  1. Distal radius fracture is a common injury with a variety of operative and non-operative management options. There remains debate as to the optimal treatment for a given patient and fracture. Despite the popula...

    Authors: Joideep Phadnis, Alex Trompeter, Kieran Gallagher, Lucy Bradshaw, David S Elliott and Kevin J Newman
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2012 7:4
  2. This was a retrospective review of the nine open wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) done in a regional hospital in Hong Kong from 2006 to 2008. The mechanical hip-knee-ankle angle improved from average 169.5°(1...

    Authors: Jason CH Fan
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2012 7:3
  3. The clavicle hook plate achieves like most other operative techniques, a high percentage of union and a low percentage of complications however concerns about long term complications still exist, particularly ...

    Authors: Davut Tiren, Alexander JM van Bemmel, Dingeman J Swank and Frits M van der Linden
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2012 7:2
  4. The importance of appropriately selecting patients based on factors such as bone mineral density, body mass index, age, gender, and femoral component size has been demonstrated in many studies as an aid in dec...

    Authors: Thomas P Gross and Fei Liu
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2012 7:1
  5. A discrepancy in leg length and femoral offset restoration is the leading cause of patient dissatisfaction in hip replacement surgery and has profound implications on patient quality of life. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Katie A Herman, Alan J Highcock, John D Moorehead and Simon J Scott
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:65
  6. Flexible intramedullary nailing has emerged as an accepted procedure for paediatric femoral fractures. Present indications include all patients with femoral shaft fractures and open physis. Despite its excelle...

    Authors: Ramprakash Lohiya, Vikas Bachhal, Usman Khan, Deepak Kumar, Vishwapriya Vijayvargiya, Sohan S Sankhala, Rakesh Bhargava and Nipun Jindal
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:64
  7. The fractured neck of femur (NOF) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The mortality attendant upon such fractures is 10% at 1 month and 30% at one year with a cost to the NHS of £1.4 billion annuall...

    Authors: David J Bryson, Scott Knapp, Rory G Middleton, Murtuza Faizi, Hardik Bhansali and Chika E Uzoigwe
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:63
  8. Glucocorticoid (GC)-induced osteonecrosis (ON) is an important complication of medical therapy. The exact pathomechanisms of ON has not been clearly elucidated. There is a need for a reproducible animal model ...

    Authors: Mohammad Amin Kerachian, Edward J Harvey, Denis Cournoyer, Terry Y Chow, Ayoub Nahal and Chantal Séguin
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:62
  9. A weight-bearing platform applied at the distal end of an Ilizarov external frame allows patients with hindfoot transfixations, foot deformities or plantar skin lesions to bear weight. This leads to an indirec...

    Authors: Jan Gessmann, Mustafa Citak, Birger Jettkant, Thomas A Schildhauer and Dominik Seybold
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:61
  10. Bony ankylosis of elbow is challenging and difficult problem to treat. The options are excision arthroplasty and total elbow replacement. We report our midterm results on nine patients, who underwent inverted ...

    Authors: Chadrabose Rex, Rameshkumar Periyasamy, Subbachandra Balaji, Premanand C, Shreyas Alva and Shiva Reddy
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:60
  11. This study will seek to identify a measurable radiographic index, the Metaphyseal-Diaphyseal Index (MDI) score to determine whether intra-operative fracture in osteoporotic bone can be predicted.

    Authors: Rishi Chana, Reza Mansouri, Chris Jack, Max R Edwards, Ravi Singh, Carmel Keller and Farid Khan
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:59
  12. Mechanoreceptors have been extensively studied in different joints and distinct signals that convey proprioceptive information to the cortex. Several clinical reports have established a link between the number...

    Authors: Miguel RB Moraes, Maria LC Cavalcante, José AD Leite, José N Macedo, Marianna LB Sampaio, Vagnaldo F Jamacaru and Mariana G Santana
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:58
  13. Evaluating the safety and efficacy of the Ilizarov fine-wire compression/distraction technique in the treatment of scaphoid nonunion (SNU), without the use of bone graft.

    Authors: Marko Bumbaširević, Slavko Tomić, Aleksandar Lešić, Vesna Bumbaširević, Zoran Rakočević and Henry D Atkinson
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:57
  14. Uncemented fixation of components in joint arthroplasty is achieved primarily through de novo bone formation at the bone-implant interface and establishment of a biological and mechanical interlock. In order to e...

    Authors: Dong Chen, Nicky Bertollo, Abe Lau, Naoya Taki, Tomofumi Nishino, Hajime Mishima, Haruo Kawamura and William R Walsh
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:56
  15. Femoral head cysts have been identified as a risk factor for early femoral failures after metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) based on limited scientific data. However, we routinely performed HRA...

    Authors: Thomas P Gross and Fei Liu
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:55
  16. The strength of the cement-bone interface in hip arthroplasty is strongly related to cement penetration into the bone. A modified femoral pressuriser has been investigated, designed for closer fitting into the...

    Authors: Jian-Sheng Wang, Göran Garellick, Fred Kjellson, Elizabeth Tanner and Gunnar Flivik
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:54
  17. The purpose of this study was to identify graft osteoporosis post transplantation by micro-CT analysis, and the growth potential of growth plates in the transplanted limb.

    Authors: Hitesh N Modi, Seung Woo Suh, Boopalan Prjvc, Jae-Young Hong, Jae-Hyuk Yang, Young-Hwan Park, Jae-Moon Lee and Yong-Hyon Kwon
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:53
  18. In our experience results of the Oxford unicompartmental knee replacement have not been as good as had been expected. A common post operative complaint is of persistent medial knee discomfort, it is not clear ...

    Authors: Mark C Edmondson, David Isaac, Malin Wijeratna, Sean Brink, Paul Gibb and Paul Skinner
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:52
  19. Fibular hemimelia has been reported as the most common congenital longitudinal deficiency of the long bones. Previous studies have focused on the best treatment options for this congenital condition. There is ...

    Authors: Dimosthenis A Alaseirlis, Anastasios V Korompilias, Alexandros E Beris and Panayotis N Soucacos
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:51
  20. With new minimally-invasive approaches for angular stable plate fixation of proximal humeral fractures, the need for the placement of oblique inferomedial screws ('calcar screw') has increasingly been discusse...

    Authors: Georg Osterhoff, Christian Ossendorf, Guido A Wanner, Hans-Peter Simmen and Clément M Werner
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:50
  21. All hip fracture patients with a cardiac murmur have an echocardiogram as a part of their preoperative work-up in our unit. We performed a retrospective audit to assess the impact of obtaining a pre-operative ...

    Authors: Prithee Jettoo, Rajesh Kakwani, Shahid Junejo, Imtiyaz Talkhani and Paul Dixon
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:49
  22. To compare two different techniques of proximal pin placement for the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients utilizing the Orthofix Pertrochanteric Fixator.

    Authors: Marios D Vekris, Marios G Lykissas, Gregory Manoudis, Alexandros N Mavrodontidis, Christos D Papageorgiou, Anastasios V Korompilias, Ioannis P Kostas-Agnantis and Alexandros E Beris
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:48
  23. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a multi-factorial disease and genetic factor is one of the important etiologic risk factors. Various genetic polymorphisms have been elucidated that they might be associated with OA. Rec...

    Authors: Tulyapruek Tawonsawatruk, Theeraroj Changthong, Sarinee Pingsuthiwong, Objoon Trachoo, Thanyachai Sura and Wiwat Wajanavisit
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:47
  24. Elastic Stable intramedullary Nailing (ESIN) of dislocated diaphyseal femur fractures has become an accepted method for the treatment in children and adolescents with open physis. Studies focused on complicati...

    Authors: Martin M Kaiser, Gregor Zachert, Robert Wendlandt, Marion Rapp, Rebecca Eggert, Christine Stratmann, Lucas M Wessel, Arndt P Schulz and Benjamin J Kienast
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:46
  25. Adequate post-operative pain relief following total knee replacement (TKR) is very important to optimal post-operative recovery. Faster mobilisation and rehabilitation ultimately results in optimum recovery ou...

    Authors: Ashok K Nigam, Drena M Taylor and Zulia Valeyeva
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:45
  26. Long term survivorship in total knee arthroplasty is significantly dependant on prosthesis alignment. Our aim was determine which alignment guide was more accurate in positioning of the tibial component in tot...

    Authors: James P Cashman, Fiona L Carty, Keith Synnott and Paddy J Kenny
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:44
  27. Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures are a menace to the elderly generation causing diminished quality of life due to pain and deformity. At first, conservative treatment still is the method of choice....

    Authors: Yohan Robinson, Christoph E Heyde, Peter Försth and Claes Olerud
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:43
  28. After reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) external and internal rotation will often remain restricted. A postoperative alteration of the biomechanics in the remaining cuff is discussed as a contributing factor...

    Authors: Sebastian Herrmann, Christian König, Markus Heller, Carsten Perka and Stefan Greiner
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:42
  29. In peri- or intra-articular fractures of the tibia or femur, the presence of short metaphyseal bone fragments may make the application of an Ilizarov external fixator (IEF) challenging. In such cases, it may b...

    Authors: Theodoros B Grivas and Evangelos A Magnissalis
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:41
  30. Correct placement of the acetabular cup is a crucial step in total hip replacement to achieve a satisfactory result and remains a challenge with free-hand techniques. Imageless navigation may provide a viable ...

    Authors: Erik Hohmann, Adam Bryant and Kevin Tetsworth
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:40
  31. The Oxford elbow score (OES) is an English questionnaire that measures the patients' subjective experience of elbow surgery. The OES comprises three domains: elbow function, pain, and social-psychological effe...

    Authors: Jeroen de Haan, Harold Goei, Niels WL Schep, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Peter Patka and Dennis den Hartog
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:39
  32. Proximal humerus fractures (PHF) are common injuries, but previous studies have documented poor inter-observer reliability in fracture classification. This disparity has been attributed to multiple variables i...

    Authors: Abtin Foroohar, Rick Tosti, John M Richmond, John P Gaughan and Asif M Ilyas
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:38
  33. We reviewed our results and complications of using a pre-bent 1.6 mm Kirschner wire (K-wire) for extra-articular metacarpal fractures. The surgical procedure was indicated for angulation at the fracture site i...

    Authors: Riazuddin Mohammed, Mohamed Z Farook and Kevin Newman
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:37
  34. The clinical outcome of hemiarthroplasty for proximal humeral fractures is not satisfactory. Secondary fragment dislocation may prevent bone integration; the primary stability by a fixation technique is theref...

    Authors: Daniel Baumgartner, Betsy M Nolan, Robert Mathys, Silvio Rene Lorenzetti and Edgar Stüssi
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:36
  35. Management of high energy intra-articular fractures of the proximal tibia, associated with marked soft-tissue trauma, can be challenging, requiring the combination of accurate reduction and minimal invasive te...

    Authors: George C Babis, Dimitrios S Evangelopoulos, Panagiotis Kontovazenitis, Konstantinos Nikolopoulos and Panagiotis N Soucacos
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:35
  36. Alendronate (ALN) is the most common form of bisphosphonates used for the treatment of osteoporosis. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) has also been shown to reduce osteoporotic changes in both humans and experimental ani...

    Authors: Yan Wang, Peng Huang, Pei-Fu Tang, Kai-Ming Chan and Gang Li
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:34
  37. In order to confer optimal strength and stiffness to the graft in Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstruction, the maintenance of equal strand tension prior to fixation, is desired; positioning of the tens...

    Authors: Rajesh Maharjan, John J Costi, Richard M Stanley, David Martin, Trevor C Hearn and John R Field
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:33
  38. Severe acetabular deficiencies in cases of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) often require complex reconstructive procedures in total hip arthroplasty (THA). The use of autologous femoral head grafts fo...

    Authors: Markus D Schofer, Thomas Pressel, Jan Schmitt, Thomas J Heyse and Ulrich Boudriot
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:32
  39. A major concern during revision hip arthroplasty is acetabular bone loss and bleeding during the extraction of well-fixed cementless acetabular cup, because no interface exists between the host bone and the cu...

    Authors: Fernando MJ Judas, Rui F Dias and Francisco M Lucas
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:31
  40. Obesity is traditionally viewed to be beneficial to bone health because of well-established positive effect of mechanical loading conferred by body weight on bone formation, despite being a risk factor for man...

    Authors: Jay J Cao
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:30
  41. A Hill-Sachs lesion of the humeral head after a shoulder dislocation is clinically insignificant in most cases. However, a sizable defect will engage with the anterior rim of the glenoid and cause instability ...

    Authors: Barak Haviv, Lee Mayo and Daniel Biggs
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:29
  42. The arthroscopic method offers a less invasive technique of Bankart repair for traumatic anterior shoulder instability. We would like to report the 2 year clinical outcomes of bio-absorbable suture anchors use...

    Authors: Gerard WW Ee, Sedeek Mohamed and Andrew HC Tan
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:28
  43. The purpose of this study was to compare the interfragmentary compression force across a simulated scaphoid fracture by two commonly used compression screw systems; the Acutrak 2 Standard and the 3.0 mm Synthe...

    Authors: Ruby Grewal, Joseph Assini, David Sauder, Louis Ferreira, Jim Johnson and Kenneth Faber
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:27
  44. The use of computer navigation is becoming a well-recognized technical alternative to conventional total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, computer navigation has a substantial learning curve and the use of co...

    Authors: Alvin Ong, Kwang Am Jung, Fabio Orozco, Lawrence Delasotta and Dong Won Lee
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:26
  45. Since its isolation, Methicillin-resistant Staphlococcus aureus (MRSA) has become a major cause of hospital acquired infection (HAI), adverse patient outcome and overall resource utilisation. It is endemic in ...

    Authors: Kelechi C Eseonu, Scott D Middleton and Chinyere C Eseonu
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:25
  46. Intraarticular distal radius fractures can be treated with many methods. While internal fixation with angle stable implants has become increasingly popular, the use of bone graft substitutes has also been reco...

    Authors: Michael G Jakubietz, Joerg G Gruenert and Rafael G Jakubietz
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:24
  47. Over the years, management of complex distal radius fractures by closed means has often failed leading to late collapse. We have chosen the principle of ligamentotaxis using external fixation and bone grafting...

    Authors: PuttaKempa Raju and Sunil Gurpur Kini
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:23
  48. Allogenic blood transfusion in elective orthopaedic surgery is best avoided owing to its associated risks. Total knee replacement often requires blood transfusion, more so when bilateral surgery is performed. ...

    Authors: Yasir J Sepah, Masood Umer, Tashfeen Ahmad, Faria Nasim, Muhammad Umer Chaudhry and Muhammad Umar
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:22
  49. Pubic diastasis, a result of high energy antero-posterior compression (APC) injury, has been managed based on the Young and Burguess classification system. The mode of fixation in APC II injury has, however, b...

    Authors: Sameer Aggarwal, Kamal Bali, Vibhu Krishnan, Vishal Kumar, Dharm Meena and Ramesh K Sen
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:21
  50. Femoral offset influences the forces at the hip and the implant stresses after revision THR. For extended bone defects, these forces may cause considerable bending moments within the implant, possibly leading ...

    Authors: Markus O Heller, Manav Mehta, William R Taylor, Dong-Yeong Kim, Andrew Speirs, Georg N Duda and Carsten Perka
    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2011 6:20

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