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  1. Content type: Research article

    Sagittal spinal balance and standing posture are affected by pelvic morphology, especially pelvic incidence (PI). However, it is not difficult to identify the hip center because of overlap of the pelvis, image...

    Authors: Norio Imai, Hayato Suzuki, Asami Nozaki, Dai Miyasaka, Kazuki Tsuchiya, Tomoyuki Ito, Izumi Minato and Naoto Endo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:126

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Minimally invasive surgery has become popular because of the lower incidence of wound complications. However, achieving an anatomic reduction that provides a satisfactory outcome is difficult using minimally i...

    Authors: Ye Peng, Jianheng Liu, Gongzi Zhang, Xinran Ji, Wei Zhang, Lihai Zhang and Peifu Tang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:124

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The incidence and radiological patterns of eosinophilic granuloma (EG) in China is not clear. We described the incidence, presentation, and imaging characteristics of Chinese EG patients in a tertiary hospital.

    Authors: Sha-Sha Zhao, Lin-Feng Yan, Xiu-Long Feng, Pang Du, Bao-Ying Chen, Wen-Ting Dong, Yi Gao, Jie-Bing He, Guang-Bin Cui and Wen Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:123

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  4. Content type: Research article

    To compare the biomechanical characteristics of different posterior intermediate screw fixation techniques (ISFTs) with hybrid monoaxial pedicle screws (Mps) and polyaxial pedicle screws (Pps) used in thoracol...

    Authors: Huan Liu, Hongwei Wang, Jun Liu, Changqing Li, Yue Zhou and Liangbi Xiang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:122

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Metatarsalgia of the lesser toes is a common cause of consultation in the podiatric clinic. However, there continues to be a controversy with respect to which is the best surgical technique, and there is few i...

    Authors: Miguel Lopez-Vigil, Santos Suarez-Garnacho, Vanesa Martín, Carmen Naranjo-Ruiz and Carmen Rodriguez

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:121

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  6. Content type: Research article

    An increased preoperative talar tilt (TT) angle was reported to be positively correlated with treatment failure after supramalleolar osteotomy (SMOT) for varus ankle osteoarthritis. Distraction arthroplasty wa...

    Authors: Hong-Mou Zhao, Xiao-Dong Wen, Yan Zhang, Jing-Qi Liang, Pei-Long Liu, Yi Li, Jun Lu and Xiao-Jun Liang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:120

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  7. Content type: Technical note

    To investigate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic transnasal anterior release and posterior reduction without odontoidectomy to treat irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation (IAAD).

    Authors: Xiangsheng Tang, Xinjie Wu, Mingsheng Tan, Ping Yi, Feng Yang and Qingying Hao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:119

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent degenerative disease caused by various factors. MicroRNAs are important regulators in OA. MiR-21-5p expression is decreased in OA cartilage, but the effects of modulating miR...

    Authors: Hai Zhu, Xin Yan, Meng Zhang, Feng Ji and Shouguo Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:118

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Hydrogen gas formed by magnesium (Mg) screw corrosion can accumulate around the implant and create bone cysts, long-term osteolysis lesions, and bone healing delay. Thus, several authors currently do not recom...

    Authors: Le Hoang Nam Dang, Yu Kyoung Kim, Seo Young Kim, Kuk Jin Lim, Ken Bode, Min Ho Lee and Kwang Bok Lee

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:117

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Preoperative three-dimensional planning and intraoperative navigation by patient-specific instruments is a promising method for the exact correction of bone deformities. Nevertheless, disadvantages of current ...

    Authors: S. Roner, P. Bersier, P. Fürnstahl, L. Vlachopoulos, A. Schweizer and K. Wieser

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:115

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Several approaches to spring ligament reconstruction have been reported. However, a comparative study of nonanatomic and anatomic techniques with respect to biomechanical responses, such as kinematics and cont...

    Authors: Can Xu, Ming qing Li, Chenggong Wang and Hua Liu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:114

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Heavy schoolbags and their adverse musculoskeletal effects are a cause of great concern. Parents’ awareness and knowledge about this are crucial to prevent such health problems. Thus, this study aimed to asses...

    Authors: Abdulmonem Alsiddiky, Raheef Alatassi, Fayez N. Alsaadouni, Khalid Bakerman, Waleed Awwad, Abdulrahman Alenazi, Sara Alsiddiqi and Husain Alyaseen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:113

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Avascular necrosis at sites other than femoral head (AVNOFH)/Non-Femoral AVN is a rare entity. No standard of treatment still exists for treating early stages of AVNOFH with most of the cases eventually progre...

    Authors: Sanjay Agarwala and Mayank Vijayvargiya

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:112

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The objective of the study was to compare the radiologic and clinical outcome of patients with distal radius fractures involving the intermediate column and distal radial metaphyseal fractures treated conserva...

    Authors: Bingshan Yan, Yanchao Chen and Wangping Yin

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:111

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  15. Content type: Research article

    To analyze the cause of failure of the primary surgery for complex tibial plateau fractures and to define the therapeutic strategy of the revision surgery for the same.

    Authors: Zhe Song, Qian Wang, Teng Ma, Chen Wang, Na Yang, Hanzhong Xue, Zhong Li, Yangjun Zhu and Kun Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:110

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  16. Content type: Research article

    To determine the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) compared to lidocaine as a tenotomy adjuvant for people with elbow tendinopathy.

    Authors: Jose Ignacio Martin, Leire Atilano, Josu Merino, Igor Gonzalez, Gotzon Iglesias, Luis Areizaga, Paola Bully, Gonzalo Grandes and Isabel Andia

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:109

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  17. Content type: Research article

    In patients with cervical ankylosis, the chin-brow vertical angle (CBVA) should be taken into consideration. Usually, the correction of sagittal balance is sacrificed to ensure the patient has a horizontal vis...

    Authors: Tianhao Wang, Diyu Song, Guoquan Zheng and Yan Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:108

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Previous research has identified separate sagittal plane instantaneous centers of rotation for the metatarso-phalangeal and metatarso-sesamoid joints, but surprisingly, it does not appear that any have integra...

    Authors: Michael Durrant, Lara Durrant and Tucker McElroy

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:107

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  19. Content type: Correction

    In the original publication of this article [1], the word “place” should be changed to “plate”.

    Authors: Jia Li, Zhe Zhao, Pengbin Yin, Licheng Zhang and Peifu Tang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:106

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    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:76

  20. Content type: Research article

    Microfracture and scaffold application in the treatment of osteochondral defects is still one of the most frequently used methods in the clinic. The most important step in this treatment method is the stabiliz...

    Authors: Erdem Degirmenci, Kutay Engin Ozturan, Abdullah Alper Sahin, Fahri Yilmaz and Yasin Emre Kaya

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:105

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  21. Content type: Research article

    It is believed that direct odontoid screw fixation preserves the physiological cervical range of motion following surgery. However, there are no clinical studies confirming the motion sparing value of this tec...

    Authors: Andżelina Wolan-Nieroda, Andrzej Maciejczak, Agnieszka Guzik, Grzegorz Przysada, Ewa Szeliga and Mariusz Drużbicki

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:104

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Osteosarcoma was locally aggressive and frequently metastasizes to the lung. However, the etiology of osteosarcoma was unknown. Thus, exploring the mechanisms behind the occurrence of osteosarcoma was importan...

    Authors: Hongwei Yu, Guofan Qu, Yuxue Wang, Wei Mai, Jun Jie Bao, Chunyu Song and Meng Yao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:103

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  23. Content type: Research article

    With the development of indirect three-dimensional (3D) printing technology, it is possible to customise individual scaffolds to be used in bone transplantation and regeneration. In addition, materials previou...

    Authors: Ji-Qi Wang, Bing-Jie Jiang, Wei-Jun Guo and You-Ming Zhao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:102

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  24. Content type: Systematic review

    Both adductor canal block (ACB) and local infiltration analgesia (LIA) are effective procedures for postoperative pain control in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) without motor blockade. However, whether ACB comb...

    Authors: Wei Zuo, Wanshou Guo, Jinhui Ma and Wei Cui

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:101

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Spondylodiscitis is a chameleon among infectious diseases due to the lack of specific symptoms with which it is associated. It is nevertheless a serious infection, with 7% mortality of hospitalized patients, i...

    Authors: Lars Homagk, Daniel Marmelstein, Nadine Homagk and Gunther O. Hofmann

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:100

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  26. Content type: Research article

    It is not exactly known whether guided growth or definitive epiphysiodesis techniques are superior in treating limb length discrepancy (LLD). The purpose of the present study was therefore to find out if defin...

    Authors: Paul Borbas, Christoph A. Agten, Andrea B. Rosskopf, Andreas Hingsammer, Karim Eid and Leonhard E. Ramseier

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:99

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Compressive-flexion type cervical spine fracture is typically accompanied by apparent dislocation of the facet joints, undesirable cervical alignment, and devastating neurological dysfunction, which provides s...

    Authors: Kazuya Yokota, Takeshi Maeda, Osamu Kawano, Eiji Mori, Tsuneaki Takao, Hiroaki Sakai, Muneaki Masuda, Yuichiro Morishita, Tetsuo Hayashi, Kensuke Kubota and Yasuharu Nakashima

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:98

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  28. Content type: Systematic review

    Postoperative knee flexion protocol has been widely recognized as a highly attractive, simple, and cost-effective tactic to improve patient’s outcomes after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, opti...

    Authors: Hai-yang Wang, Guang-shu Yu, Jie-hui Li, Shou-xiong Zhang and Yan-bin Lin

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:97

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  29. Content type: Systematic review

    An intramedullary guide is an instrument that surgeons use to align the distal femoral cut. The opening may become a channel that drains intramedullary blood to the knee joint after surgery if left open during...

    Authors: Varah Yuenyongviwat, Pakjai Tuntarattanapong, Khanin Iamthanaporn, Theerawit Hongnaparak and Boonsin Tangtrakulwanich

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:96

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (BIS) are potent therapeutics in osteoporosis, but their use may result in osteonecrotic side-effects in the maxillofacial region. Periosteal microcirculatory reactions may ...

    Authors: Levente Pócs, Ágnes Janovszky, Imre Ocsovszki, József Kaszaki, József Piffkó and Andrea Szabó

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:95

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and risk factors for axial neck pain in patients undergoing multilevel anterior cervical decompression with fusion surgery.

    Authors: Sen Liu, Da-Long Yang, Ruo-Yu Zhao, Si-Dong Yang, Lei Ma, Hui Wang and Wen-Yuan Ding

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:94

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a complication following surgery. Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) or direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are efficacious but come with inherent bleeding risk. Mechanical prop...

    Authors: Rafael Torrejon Torres, Rhodri Saunders and Kwok M. Ho

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:93

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In contemporary total knee arthroplasty (TKA), most often, the goal is to align the femoral component to the epicondylar axis (EA). The posterior condylar axis (PCA) is easier to define than the EA, and thus t...

    Authors: Daniel A Cohen, Ali C Gursel and Adrian K Low

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:92

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is common among patients receiving hemodialysis and deeply influences their daily life. Amyloid deposits are considered the main reason for median nerve compression, but its preval...

    Authors: Koji Fujita, Kenji Kimori, Akimoto Nimura, Atsushi Okawa and Yoshikazu Ikuta

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:91

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Posterior lumbar spinal fusion has been widely used in degenerative lumbar stenosis, but adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) was common. Researchers have found many risk factors for ASD after one or two levels...

    Authors: Zhaoxin Ma, Shilei Huang, Jianguang Sun, Feng Li, Jianhao Sun and Guofu Pi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:89

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Knee extension deficit or loss of extension (LOE) is a potential complication following ACL reconstruction (ACLR); however, the change in postoperative knee extension during rehabilitation is not well defined....

    Authors: Nalan Ektas, Corey Scholes, Selin Kulaga, Garry Kirwan, Binglong Lee and Christopher Bell

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:88

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Recently, the AMADEUS (Area Measurement And DEpth Underlying Structures) grading system has been introduced to evaluate and grade osteochondral lesions prior to cartilage surgery. The AMADEUS score has not bee...

    Authors: Armin Runer, Pia Jungmann, Götz Welsch, Danica Kümmel, Franco Impellizzieri, Stefan Preiss and Gian Salzmann

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:87

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Chronic low back pain is a common public health problem all over the world. Conservative therapy is prescribed as the initial treatment strategy in chronic low back pain. The cornerstone of conservatism in bac...

    Authors: Shiju Majeed A, Anish TS, Asha Sugunan and Arun MS

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:86

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  39. Content type: Research article

    We compared autografts and allograft using partial and complete transphyseal anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction techniques among skeletally immature individuals.

    Authors: Mohammad Razi, Amin Moradi, Afsane Safarcherati, Alireza Askari, Peyman Arasteh, Elaheh Ziaei Ziabari and Haleh Dadgostar

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:85

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The extent of postoperative changes in the coracoid process grafted during the modified Bankart and Bristow procedure remains unclear. The purpose of the present study was to quantify the postoperative changes...

    Authors: Takeshi Makihara, Masayuki Abe, Masashi Yamazaki and Kenji Okamura

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:84

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is known to increase morbidity and mortality after orthopedic surgery. The purpose of this study is to investigate how CKD affects perioperative complications in hip surgery patients.

    Authors: Yongqing You, Yijian Zhang, Lei Qiang, Ye Sun, Junxin Zhang, Emily Bou, Moqi Yan, Kerong Dai and Muliang Ding

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:82

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of proximal radioulnar derotational osteotomy followed by internal fixation for the treatment of congenital radioulnar synostosis (CRUS).

    Authors: Xinjian Pei and Jiuhui Han

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:81

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  43. Content type: Research article

    In the ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) prosthetic environment, fibroblasts affected by wear particles have the capacity of osteogenesis to reduce osteolysis. We aimed to assess the effects of ...

    Authors: Pengfei Lei, Zixun Dai, Yu Shrike Zhang, Hua Liu, Wanting Niu, Kun Li, Long Wang, Yihe Hu and Jie Xie

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:80

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  44. Content type: Research article

    This study was performed to investigate the morphological changes of contralateral intervertebral foramen (IVF) based on computed tomography images of patients with lumbar spinal stenosis after unilateral tran...

    Authors: Kai Zhu, Shuaifeng Yan, Song Guo, Jinyu Tong, Cong Li, Jun Tan and Weiping Wan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:79

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Two-stage exchange arthroplasty is still the preferred treatment choice for chronic PJI. However, the results remain unpredictable. We analyzed the treatment success of patients with an infected hip prosthesis...

    Authors: Doruk Akgün, Michael Müller, Carsten Perka and Tobias Winkler

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:78

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  46. Content type: Systematic review

    There is an increased interest in enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) minimizing adverse events after orthopedic surgery. Little consensus supports the effectiveness of these interventions. The purpose of p...

    Authors: Zhi-Chao Hu, Lin-Jie He, Dong Chen, Xiao-Bin Li, Zhen-Hua Feng, Cheng-Wei Fu, Jiang-Wei Xuan, Wen-Fei Ni and Ai-Min Wu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:77

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Current surgical interventions for the femoral neck fracture are using either cannulated screws (CCS) or a single large screw at a fixed angle with a side-plate (i.e., a sliding hip screw, AKA dynamic hip scre...

    Authors: Jia Li, Zhe Zhao, Pengbin Yin, Licheng Zhang and Peifu Tang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:76

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:106

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