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  1. Content type: Research article

    The Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL, CYBERDYNE) is a wearable robot that provides assistance to patients while walking, standing, and performing leg movements based on the intended movement of the wearer. We aimed ...

    Authors: Kenichi Yoshikawa, Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Ayumu Sano, Kazunori Koseki, Takashi Fukaya, Masafumi Mizukami and Masashi Yamazaki

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:163

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The difference in in vivo kinematics before and after total hip arthroplasty (THA) for the same subjects and the clearance between the liner and neck during squatting have been unclear. The purpose of the pres...

    Authors: Keisuke Komiyama, Satoshi Hamai, Daisuke Hara, Satoru Ikebe, Hidehiko Higaki, Kensei Yoshimoto, Kyohei Shiomoto, Hirotaka Gondo, Yifeng Wang and Yasuharu Nakashima

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:162

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  3. Content type: Research article

    To explore the value of MRI in the diagnosis of subclinical inflammation in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in remission and to predict the radiographic progression.

    Authors: Huimei Zhang, Huajun Xu, Shifang Chen and Xinfeng Mao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:164

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Hyperleptinemia is a common feature of obese people, and leptin, an adipocyte-derived cytokine, is believed to be an important factor in the pathogenesis of cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ...

    Authors: Bin Feng, Shiliang Cao, Jiliang Zhai, Yi Ren, Jianhua Hu, Ye Tian and Xisheng Weng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:165

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  5. Content type: Systematic review

    There is no consensus yet on the impact of timing of femur fracture (FF) internal fixation on the patient outcomes. This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the contemporary data in patients with traumatic...

    Authors: Ayman El-Menyar, Mohammed Muneer, David Samson, Hassan Al-Thani, Ahmad Alobaidi, Paul Mussleman and Rifat Latifi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:160

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:182

  6. Content type: Research article

    Hip fractures are associated with increased cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs) in the first postoperative year. Long-term follow-up for CVA and mortality after hip fracture is lacking. The purpose of this study ...

    Authors: Ran Atzmon, Zachary T. Sharfman, Noa Efrati, Noam Shohat, Yaron Brin, Iftach Hetsroni, Meir Nyska and Ezequiel Palmanovich

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:161

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  7. Content type: Review

    A key point to surgical treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability is choosing a suitable surgical procedure. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare different surgical techniques for management o...

    Authors: Yongxing Cao, Yuan Hong, Yang Xu, Yuan Zhu and Xiangyang Xu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:159

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  8. Content type: Review

    Multiple operative treatments are available for the fixation of intertrochanteric femoral fractures. This analysis was conducted to provide guidance on the appropriate clinical choice to accommodate individual...

    Authors: Zhengan Hao, Xifeng Wang and Xingqun Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:157

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy, advantages, and complications of percutaneous achillotomy in the treatment of clubfoot with the Ponseti method when performed to two different groups under ge...

    Authors: Ümit Tuhanioğlu, Hasan U. Oğur, Fırat Seyfettinoğlu, Hakan Çiçek, Volkan T. Tekbaş and Ahmet Kapukaya

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:155

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  10. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to describe a new C-shaped tear configuration, and to compare clinical outcomes and structural integrity between the C-shaped and the established crescent-shaped small to medium-sized rotator cuff tea...

    Authors: Wonyong Lee, Sung-Jae Kim, Chong-Hyuk Choi, Yun-Rak Choi and Yong-Min Chun

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:154

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Human osteosarcoma (OS) is one of the most common primary bone sarcoma, because of early metastasis and few treatment strategies. It has been reported that the tumorigenicity and self-renewal capacity of side ...

    Authors: Yi-Ming Ren, Yuan-Hui Duan, Yun-Bo Sun, Tao Yang, Wen-Jun Zhao, Dong-Liang Zhang, Zheng-Wei Tian and Meng-Qiang Tian

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:153

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  12. Content type: Research article

    To analyze the safety and effects of early initiation of rehabilitation including objective measurement outcomes after lumbar spine fusion based on principles of strength training.

    Authors: Dejan Kernc, Vojko Strojnik and Rok Vengust

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:151

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  13. Content type: Research article

    To compare the stability of sacroiliac joint disruption fixed with three kinds of internal fixation using both biomechanical test and finite element analysis.

    Authors: Tao Wu, Xuejiao Ren, Yunwei Cui, Xiaodong Cheng, Shuo Peng, Zhiyong Hou and Yongtai Han

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:152

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  14. Content type: Retraction Note

    Retraction Note: Li et al. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research (2016) 11:65 DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/s13018-016-0401-2.

    Authors: Qingbo Li, Chuanying Wang, Yanqing Huo, Zhiwei Jia and Xiqian Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:156

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    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2016 11:65

  15. Content type: Research article

    Tranexamic acid (TXA) is commonly used in orthopedic surgery to reduce excessive bleeding and transfusion requirements. Our aim was to examine if TXA was required in all osteoarthritis patients undergoing TKA ...

    Authors: Andrea L. Grant, Hayley L. Letson, Jodie L. Morris, Peter McEwen, Kaushik Hazratwala, Matthew Wilkinson and Geoffrey P. Dobson

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:149

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that nearly 25% of people will suffer from physical disability owing to the bone and joint problems until 2050. The condition of patients with this type of difficul...

    Authors: Kuan-Ting Wu, Pei-Shan Lee, Wen-Yi Chou, Shu-Hua Chen and Yee-Tzu Huang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:150

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Cervical lordosis has important clinical and surgical implications. Cervical spine curvature is reported with considerable variability in individual studies. The aim of this study was to examine the existence ...

    Authors: Guang-Ming Guo, Jun Li, Qing-Xun Diao, Tai-Hang Zhu, Zhong-Xue Song, Yang-Yang Guo and Yan-Zheng Gao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:147

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Subjective data and physical examinations of patients after total hip arthroplasty are used to assess the outcome. But regarding the physical activity, no objective data can be delivered by existing scores. Th...

    Authors: Steffen Höll, Andreas Blum, Georg Gosheger, Ralf Dieckmann, Corinna Winter and Dieter Rosenbaum

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:148

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Optimal surgical approach for tibial shaft fractures remains controversial. We perform a meta-analysis from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to compare the clinical efficacy and prognosis between infrapatel...

    Authors: Liqing Yang, Yuefeng Sun and Ge Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:146

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Obesity affects bone health to varying degrees, depending on the skeletal site (weight-bearing or non-weight-bearing) and compartment (cortical or trabecular), and is a risk factor for orthopedic disorders, in...

    Authors: Feng Gao, Tian-Run Lv, Jin-Chun Zhou and Xiao-Dong Qin

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:145

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  21. Content type: Research Article

    The objective of this meta-analysis was to illustrate the clinical outcomes and safety of two different managements for supracondylar humeral fractures in children.

    Authors: Lin-Guo, Xue-Ning Zhang, Jian-Ping Yang, Zhi Wang, Yang Qi, Shan-Zhu and Xiang-Hong Meng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:141

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Dorsal approaches to the hindfoot are frequently used. Furthermore, the vascular supply is discussed as a possible cause for ruptures and degeneration of the Achilles tendon. The aim of this study was to evalu...

    Authors: Kajetan Klos, Boyko Gueorguiev, John Bennet Carow, Ali Modabber, Sven Nebelung, Bong-Sung Kim, Klemens Horst, Christian David Weber and Matthias Knobe

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:142

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) is a common type of fracture, and percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) is an eligible solution to it. Previous studies have revealed that both the volume and filling p...

    Authors: Jiachen Lin, Lie Qian, Changqing Jiang, Xiuyuan Chen, Fan Feng and Lifeng Lao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:140

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Advanced glycation end products are associated with aging, hyperglycemia, and oxidative stress. Accumulation of advanced glycation end products can cause various pathological conditions; however, the associati...

    Authors: Fumiaki Takase, Yutaka Mifune, Atsuyuki Inui, Yasuhiro Ueda, Takeshi Kataoka, Takeshi Kokubu and Ryosuke Kuroda

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:143

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Inflammation and biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) are common causes of periprosthetic infection and loosening. Recently, we identified that forsythiaside is bacteriostatic for S. aureus and ...

    Authors: Haifeng Li, Dongmei Tang, Chao Qi, Xia Zhao, Guangchao Wang, Yi Zhang and Tengbo Yu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:139

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Iatrogenic injury to the femoral neurovascular bundle is not uncommon during primary and revision total hip replacement (THR) and can result in permanent weakness, pain and poor function. Prevention of injury ...

    Authors: Cyrus R. Mehta, Alex Constantinidis, Moussa Farhat, Mayuran Suthersan, Edward Graham and Andrew Kanawati

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:135

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  27. Content type: Technical note

    Benign spinal cysts are relatively common, but can cause significant pain. However, consensus regarding the best method for treating these cysts has not been established. We aimed to examine the usefulness of ...

    Authors: Seung-Kook Kim, Byoung-Hoi Lee, Moon-Bok Song and Su-Chan Lee

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:136

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Studies have shown that lumbar disc herniation, degenerative lumbar instability, and other degenerative lumbar spinal diseases are often secondary to disc degeneration. By studying the intervertebral disc, res...

    Authors: Xu Wei, Li Gengwu, Chen Chao, Li Yifan, Sang Shang, Hu Ruixi, Ji Yunhan, Zhu Xiaodong and Li Zhikun

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:137

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  29. Content type: Retraction Note

    The Editor-in-Chief has retracted this article [1] because of an error in the meta analysis. Re-examination of the data has showed that there is only one published randomized controlled trial comparing Superio...

    Authors: He Zhao, Li-Jun Duan, Yu-Shan Gao, Yong-Dong Yang, Ding-Yan Zhao, Xiang-Sheng Tang, Zhen-guo Hu, Chuan-Hong Li, Si-Xue Chen, Tao Liu and Xing Yu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:138

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    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:42

  30. Content type: Research article

    The purposes of this study were to investigate the long-term outcomes of radial head replacement and to analyze the relationship between functional outcomes and periprosthetic radiolucency.

    Authors: Alvin Chao-Yu Chen, Ying-Chao Chou, Chun-Jui Weng and Chun-Ying Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:134

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  31. Content type: Review

    Postoperative squeaking in patients who applied the fourth-generation ceramic bearing in primary hip replacement has not been reported systematically; we aim to study the squeaking incidence in the fourth-gene...

    Authors: Chen-Chen Zhao, Guo-Xin Qu, Shi-Gui Yan and Xun-Zi Cai

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:133

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Femoral neck fractures are the commonly encountered injury in orthopedic practice and result in significant morbidity and mortality. Currently, how to treat femoral neck fractures safely and effectively is sti...

    Authors: Ya-Ping Xiao, Dong-Ping Shu, Ming-Jian Bei, Tao Ji, Wu-Sheng Kan and Shao-Gang Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:131

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  33. Content type: Research article

    This biomechanical study evaluates the effect of N-acetylcysteine alone and in combination with the most commonly used antibiotic-loaded bone cement mixtures.

    Authors: Erhan Sukur, Abdulhalim Akar, Huseyin Nevzat Topcu, Ozgur Cicekli, Alauddin Kochai and Mehmet Turker

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:132

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  34. Content type: Research Article

    The conventional method of core decompression combined with porous bioceramics rod is usually performed under C-arm fluoroscopy for the treatment of early osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). This study w...

    Authors: Bo Li, Pengfei Lei, Hao Liu, Xiaobin Tian, Ting Wen, Ruyin Hu and Yihe Hu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:130

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  35. Content type: Research article

    To test a population health program which could, through the application of process redesign, implement multiple evidence-based practices across the continuum of care in a functionally integrated health delive...

    Authors: Chikul Mittal, Hsien Chieh Daniel Lee, Kiat Sern Goh, Cheng Kiang Adrian Lau, Leeanna Tay, Chuin Siau, Yik Hin Loh, Teck Kheng Edward Goh, Chit Lwin Sandi and Chien Earn Lee

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:129

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is an endemic, chronic, degenerative osteoarthropathy. KBD is usually diagnosed by using X-ray image and clinical symptoms, lacking of serological biomarkers. The serum level of PIICP...

    Authors: Wei Lian, Hui Liu, Li Yan Sun, Yun Qi Liu, Si Lu Cui, Yue Wang, Quan Quan Song, Qing Deng, Shao Ping Wang, Yan Hong Cao, Xue Ying Zhang, Yuan Yuan Jiang, Hong Yan Lv, Li Bin Duan and Jun Yu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:128

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is a joint disease characterized by degradation of cartilage. The etiology of OA is still unclear. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a key role of angiogenesis in the pathogen...

    Authors: Jun Sheng, Da Liu, Xia Kang, Ying Chen, Kai Jiang and Wei Zheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:125

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Distraction-flexion of the lower cervical spine is a severe traumatic lesion, frequently resulting in paralysis. The optimal surgical treatment is controversial. It has been a challenge for orthopedic surgeons...

    Authors: De-chao Miao, Feng Wang and Yong Shen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:126

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Hip arthroscopy has led to a greater understanding of intra-articular hip pathology. Non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is currently the gold standard in non-invasive imaging diagnosis, with high se...

    Authors: Lucas Annabell, Vahid Master, Alexander Rhodes, Brett Moreira, Cassandra Coetzee and Phong Tran

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:127

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  40. Content type: Research article

    An increasing number of studies on spinal morphology in asymptomatic Asian and Western patients have been reported. Variation in spinal anatomy among patients is considered as the cause of wrong-level surgery ...

    Authors: Ying-zhao Yan, Qing-ping Li, Cong-cong Wu, Xiang-xiang Pan, Zhen-xuan Shao, Shao-qing Chen, Ke Wang, Xi-bang Chen and Xiang-yang Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:124

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The impact of surgeon handedness on acetabular cup orientation in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is not well studied. The aim of our study is to investigate the difference of cup orientation in bilateral THA per...

    Authors: Xinggui Song, Ming Ni, Heng Li, Xin Li, Xiang Li, Jun Fu and Jiying Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:123

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to compare two methods of stabilization for proximal tibia fractures (AO 41) with a complete metaphyseal component, external fixation with the Ilizarov wire frame, and internal fi...

    Authors: Haakon Berven, Michael Brix, Kaywan Izadpanah, Eva Johanna Kubosch and Hagen Schmal

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:121

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Various imaging techniques have been utilized for the diagnosis of chronic lateral ankle ligament injury. This systemic review will explore the effectiveness of different imaging techniques in diagnosing chron...

    Authors: Shengxuan Cao, Chen Wang, Xin Ma, Xu Wang, Jiazhang Huang and Chao Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:122

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Whole-body bone scintigraphy (WBBS) and MRI are widely used in assessment of patients with synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome. However, the value of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucos...

    Authors: Xiaochuan Sun, Chen Li, Yihan Cao, Ximin Shi, Li Li, Weihong Zhang, Xia Wu, Nan Wu, Hongli Jing and Wen Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:120

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Acetabular fracture surgery is directed toward anatomical reduction and stable fixation to allow for the early functional rehabilitation of an injured hip joint. Recent biomechanical investigations have shown ...

    Authors: Stephan Arlt, Hansrudi Noser, Andreas Wienke, Florian Radetzki, Gunther Olaf Hofmann and Thomas Mendel

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:119

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Proinflammatory cytokines, which can upregulate the expression of matrix-degrading enzymes in chondrocytes, play important roles in the development of osteoarthritis. And a BET protein inhibitor, I-BET151, has...

    Authors: Jin Dai, Sheng Zhou, Qiting Ge, Jinzhong Qin, Dongyang Chen, Zhihong Xu, Dongquan Shi, Jianxin Li, Huangxian Ju, Yi Cao, Minghao Zheng, Chao Jun Li, Xiang Gao, Huajian Teng and Qing Jiang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:118

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  47. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap (stage I) combined with iliac bone flap (stage II) in the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis of the lower extremity.

    Authors: Jihui Ju, Lei Li, Rong Zhou and Ruixing Hou

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2018 13:117

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