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  1. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have great potential for the repair and regeneration of bone fracture, but their optimal origins remain controversial.

    Authors: Cong Zhu, Mo Sha, Huixiang Jiang, Jianbiao Lin, Weibin Lin, Wenchang Li, Xiaoshan Chen, Guofeng Huang and Zhenqi Ding

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:293

    Content type: Research article

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  2. To evaluate the predictive effect of lumbar lordosis minus thoracic kyphosis (LL-TK) in the surgical outcome of adult degenerative scoliosis (ADS) patients and explore the optimum target base on it.

    Authors: Siyu Zhou, Wei Li, Tong Su, Chengbo Du, Wei Wang, Fei Xu, Zhuoran Sun and Weishi Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:290

    Content type: Research article

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  3. There was a controversy about bone grafting of spinal tuberculosis treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of a new bone grafting method—transverse bone grafting (TBG)—with iliac ...

    Authors: Zhongyuan He, Ke Tang, Fei Gui, Yuan Zhang, Weiyang Zhong and Zhengxue Quan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:288

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The thumb accounts for 50% of the total hand function. This study reports the functional outcomes and complications of people with traumatic thumb amputations who underwent toe-to-thumb reconstruction.

    Authors: Chunjie Liu, Lei Liu, Guoli Liu, Siyu Tian, Jiangbo Bai, Kunlun Yu and Dehu Tian

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:287

    Content type: Research article

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  5. To evaluate the effect of intramedullary nail and locking plate in the treatment of proximal humerus fracture (PHF).

    Authors: Xiaoqing Shi, Hao Liu, Runlin Xing, Wei Mei, Li Zhang, Liang Ding, Zhengquan Huang and Peimin Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:285

    Content type: Systematic review

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  6. The Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) is a 13-item shoulder-specific patient-reported outcome measure (PROM). The English version is easy to use and has demonstrated excellent measurement properties f...

    Authors: Sudarshan KC, Saurab Sharma, Karen Ginn, Tawfiq Almadi and Darren Reed

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:284

    Content type: Research article

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  7. During primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA), synovectomy as a part of the procedure has been recommended to relieve pain and inflammation of the synovium, but there is a controversy about it due to increased ...

    Authors: Pei Liu, Feifan Lu, Jialiang Chen, Ziqi Xia, Huachen Yu, Qidong Zhang, Weiguo Wang and Wanshou Guo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:283

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Severe anatomical abnormalities exist in proximal femoral deformities (PFDs). Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is associated with drawbacks such as high surgical complexity, long operation time, requirement for hi...

    Authors: Xiaowen Deng, Jun Liu, Tao Qu, Xusheng Li, Ping Zhen, Qiuming Gao, Yun Xue, Peng Liu, Guoding Cao and Xiaole He

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:282

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The guidelines to correct the mechanical axis in high tibial osteotomy (HTO) have changed recently, and some studies have suggested that the correction of the mechanical axis should be based on the severity of...

    Authors: Myung Ku Kim, Bong Sung Ko and Joo Hyun Park

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:281

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA) is a demanding procedure, with a high complication and failure rate and a high rate of bone losses and poor bone quality. Different classifications for bone losses have ...

    Authors: Federica Rosso, Umberto Cottino, Federico Dettoni, Matteo Bruzzone, Davide Edoardo Bonasia and Roberto Rossi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:280

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In this study, we described a positioner which allows a combination of preoperative plan and intraoperative insertion of the cup to improve the reconstruction of the rotation center of the hip.

    Authors: Liangliang Cao, Yuehui Wang, Shiping Zou and Hui Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:279

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Debridement and irrigation with prosthetic retention followed by antibiotic therapy (DAIR) is one of the treatments of choice in acute infections after a total knee arthroplasty. However, the success rate vari...

    Authors: Kattalin Iza, Xabier Foruria, Jesús Moreta, Iker Uriarte, Ane Loroño, Urko Aguirre and José Luis Martínez de los Mozos

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:278

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The Chevron osteotomy is a frequently used surgical method for hallux valgus correction. This method is often combined with an Akin osteotomy. To date, clear guidelines for the implementation of an additional ...

    Authors: Gerhard Kaufmann, Maximilian Hofmann, Matthias Braito, Hanno Ulmer, Alexander Brunner and Dietmar Dammerer

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:277

    Content type: Research article

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  14. There were several reports describing the biomechanics and microstructure of multifidus muscles in patients with lumbar disc herniation. However, correlations between lumbar multifidus muscle atrophy (LMA), sp...

    Authors: Xiang-Yao Sun, Chao Kong, Tong-Tong Zhang, Shi-Bao Lu, Wei Wang, Si-Yuan Sun, Ma-Chao Guo and Jun-Zhe Ding

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:276

    Content type: Research article

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  15. This retrospective study evaluated the efficacy of minimally invasive surgery to control cyst progression for active unicameral bone cysts (AUBC) by intracystic methylprednisolone injection, percutaneous curet...

    Authors: Qing Liu, Hongbo He, Hao Zeng, Yuhao Yuan, Zhiwei Wang, Xiaopeng Tong and Wei Luo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:275

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Synovial fluid α-defensin is a valuable biomarker for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Its diagnostic value for PJI has been widely evaluated recently, but results are inconsistent, especially for differe...

    Authors: Xuequan Han, Kai Xie, Xu Jiang, Liao Wang, Haishan Wu, Xinhua Qu and Mengning Yan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:274

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Excessive blood loss in total joint arthroplasty (TJA) usually leads to an allogenic blood transfusion, which may cause adverse outcomes, prolonged length of hospitalization, and increased costs. The purpose o...

    Authors: Kai Song, Pin Pan, Yao Yao, Tao Jiang and Qing Jiang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:273

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Numerous quantitatively based studies measuring the association between gout and the risk of fractures remain inconclusive. In order to determine whether gout could increase the risk of fractures, a meta-analy...

    Authors: Fanxiao Liu, Jinlei Dong, Dongsheng Zhou, Qinglin Kang and Fei Xiong

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:272

    Content type: Systematic review

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  19. This study aimed to compare the radiographic and functional results of Arbeitsgemeinschaftfür Osteosynthesefragen (AO) type C2/C3 fracture of distal radius between volar locking plate (VLP) and external fixation ...

    Authors: Xiaofei Yu, Yadong Yu, Xinzhong Shao, Yanbin Bai and Tong Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:271

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head was gradually concerned as a global disease for its progression to collapse of the femoral head, ultimately causing the arthritic change. Due to the high incidence of this dis...

    Authors: Fan Yang, Qiushi Wei, Xiaojun Chen, Guoju Hong, Zhenqiu Chen, Yaolong Chen and Wei He

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:270

    Content type: Systematic review

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  21. The clinical outcomes of using a cortical screw (CS) for lumbar interbody fusion were evaluated by comparison with conventional pedicle screw (PS) fixation.

    Authors: Tingxin Zhang, Nana Guo, Tiantian Chen, Jinglong Yan, Wei Zhao and Gongping Xu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:269

    Content type: Systematic review

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  22. With the use of constrained condylar knee (CCK) prostheses, dislocation of the knee following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with valgus deformity is rare. In our practice with such patients, however, an abnorm...

    Authors: Feng Li, Ning Liu, Zijian Li, Kirkham B. Wood and Hua Tian

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:268

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Tibial plateau fractures remain a clinical challenge due to the complexity of the fracture patterns which have been repeatedly categorized by many researchers. However, limitations do exist in some respects. S...

    Authors: Kehan Hua, Xieyuan Jiang, Yejun Zha, Chen Chen, Bosong Zhang and Yujiang Mao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:267

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the functional outcomes and complication rates of patients in short-term and midterm follow-up period when medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA)-appl...

    Authors: Ayşe Esin Polat, Barış Polat, Tahsin Gürpınar, Engin Çarkçı and Olcay Güler

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:266

    Content type: Research article

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  25. At present, much is unknown about the etiology and pathogenesis of ULDH. However, it is interesting to note that many ULDH patients have a radiographic feature of adjacent vertebral wedge deformation. The purp...

    Authors: Feng Wang, Zhen Dong, Yi-peng Li, De-chao Miao, Lin-feng Wang and Yong Shen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:265

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To investigate the incidence of scoliosis and trunk shift in patients with LDH (lumbar disc herniation) and analyze the differences in spinopelvic alignment among patients with or without trunk shift and non-s...

    Authors: Weifei Wu, Ying Chen, Ling Yu, Fei Li and Weichun Guo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:264

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Innovations able to maintain patient safety while reducing the amount of transfusion add value to orthopedic procedures. Opportunities for improvement arise especially in elective procedures, as long as room f...

    Authors: Federico Pennestrì, Nicola Maffulli, Paolo Sirtori, Paolo Perazzo, Francesco Negrini, Giuseppe Banfi and Giuseppe M Peretti

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:263

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Curettage is widely used in orthopedic oncology; the defect created frequently requires filling for mechanical and functional stability for the bones and adjacent joint. Allograft, bone graft substitute, and p...

    Authors: Clark J. Chen and Earl W. Brien

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:261

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:336

  29. The treatment of articular cartilage damage is a major clinical problem. More often, this clinical issue affects children, which forces doctors to find the best treatment method.

    Authors: Ryszard Tomaszewski, Łukasz Wiktor and Artur Gap

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:260

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different doses of ginsenoside Rb1 (GRb1) pretreatment on spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion (SCII) in rats and explore the potential mechanisms about the exp...

    Authors: Jin-tao Ye, Feng-tao Li, Sheng-li Huang, Jian-li Xue, Yirixiati Aihaiti, Hao Wu, Ruo-xi Liu and Bin Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:259

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is a common complication after the laminectomy. Epidural fibrosis is the major cause of lower back pain and other complications. Numerous studies have shown that apigenin (A...

    Authors: Rui Jiao, Hui Chen, Qi Wan, Xiaobo Zhang, Jihang Dai, Xiaolei Li, Lianqi Yan and Yu Sun

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:258

    Content type: Research article

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  32. To evaluate the effect of oral Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) administration on recovery of hand functions in senior patients diagnosed with an acute distal radius fracture.

    Authors: Chunhua Zhang, Sujuan Xue, Yong Wang, Dan Yu, Limei Hua, Chunhua Guo, Dawei Wang and Min Lei

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:257

    Content type: Research article

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  33. There are many studies on osteoarthritis, but only a few studies deal with human arthrosis, comparing the mechanical properties of healthy and diseased samples. In most of these studies, only isolated areas of...

    Authors: Michael Seidenstuecker, Julius Watrinet, Anke Bernstein, Norbert P. Suedkamp, Sergio H. Latorre, Anastasija Maks and Hermann O. Mayr

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:256

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical outcome of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) assisted with mixed reality (MR) technology in treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) wit...

    Authors: Peiran Wei, Qingqiang Yao, Yan Xu, Huikang Zhang, Yue Gu and Liming Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:255

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Percutaneous fixation with cannulated screws is an effective method for treating medial malleolar epiphyseal fractures, which comprise a portion of bimalleolar and trimalleolar fractures. Lateral malleolar fra...

    Authors: Linjun Jiang, Jun Wu, Ming Li, Xing Liu, Cong Luo and Xiangyang Qu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:254

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. This study aims to investigate the curative effects of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in treating hip bony fusion for young and middle-aged patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).

    Authors: Hong-Zhang Guo, Chen-Xu Yang, Zhao-Peng Tang and Cheng-Xiang Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:253

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Conventional posterior open lumbar surgery is associated with considerable trauma to the paraspinal muscles. Severe damage to the paraspinal muscles could cause low back pain (LBP), resulting in poor functiona...

    Authors: Sangbong Ko and Taebum Oh

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:252

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. In the original publication of this article [1], the first name of the 5th author is wrong.

    Authors: Cheng-Ta Wu, Mohammed Mahameed, Po-Chun Lin, Yu-Der Lu, Feng-Chih Kuo and Mel S. Lee

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:251

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:222

  39. Hip fracture leads to decreased activity and an increased risk of pulmonary complications. The main purpose of this study was to observe the lung capacity, cough capacity of the elderly patient with acute hip ...

    Authors: Jinli Guo, Chaona Gao, Haifeng Xin, Jiahui Li, Bing Li, Zhuan Wei and Yiting Yue

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:250

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:340

  40. Tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis is a common source of pain among craftsmen. Although it cannot be completely resolved, extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and ultrasonics (US) have been found to be ...

    Authors: Chenchen Yan, Yuan Xiong, Lang Chen, Yori Endo, Liangcong Hu, Mengfei Liu, Jing Liu, Hang Xue, Abudula Abududilibaier, Bobin Mi and Guohui Liu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:248

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  41. MIR4435-2HG is an oncogenic lncRNA in gastric cancer and lung cancer. Our preliminary microarray data showed that MIR4435-2HG was downregulated in osteoarthritis plasma specimen, indicating the possible involv...

    Authors: Yu Xiao, Yucheng Bao, Liang Tang and Li Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:247

    Content type: Research article

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  42. While there are several different animal models for use in the characterization of spinal fixation, none have emerged as a definitive model for comparative studies in spinal fixation methods. The purpose of th...

    Authors: Robert A. Harper, Ferris M. Pfeiffer and Theodore J. Choma

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:246

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The Western Ontario Shoulder Instability index (WOSI) is a questionnaire designed to measure health-related quality of life in patients with shoulder instability. The aim of the current study was to translate ...

    Authors: Uri Gottlieb and Shmuel Springer

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:245

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Limb length discrepancy (LLD) in the setting of concurrent hindfoot and ankle deformity poses an added level of complexity to the reconstructive surgeon. Regardless of etiology, a clinically significant LLD po...

    Authors: Todd M. Chappell, Casey C. Ebert, Kevin M. McCann, Byron L. Hutchinson and Edgardo Rodriguez-Collazo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:244

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Lumbar disc herniation, a type of chronic low back pain syndrome, is caused by the lumbar intervertebral disk degeneration. Genetic variation in the CHRNA5/CHRNA3 has shown strong associations with smoking-relate...

    Authors: Xuejun Yang, Xiaodong Guo, Zhi Huang, Yifeng Da, Wenhua Xing, Feng Li, Manglai Li, Ke Sun, Haiyu Jia and Yong Zhu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:243

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. To assess anatomic risk factors for meniscal lesions in association with acute ACL rupture. The primary hypothesis was that tibiofemoral anatomic measures will be different in those with and without concomitan...

    Authors: Romain Gaillard, Robert Magnussen, Cecile Batailler, Philippe Neyret, Sebastien Lustig and Elvire Servien

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:242

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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