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  1. The purpose of this study is to come up with new methods to quantitate the blood loss under endoscope and explore the influence of blood loss on percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD).

    Authors: Dong Dong Sun, Dan Lv, Wei Zhou Wu, He Fei Ren, Bu He Bao, Qun Liu and Ming Lin Sun

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:281

    Content type: Research article

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  2. According to the required reorganization of all hospital activities, the recent COVID-19 pandemic had dramatic consequences on the orthopedic world. We think that informing the orthopedic community about the s...

    Authors: P. Ruggieri, G. Trovarelli, A. Angelini, E. Pala, A. Berizzi and D. Donato

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:279

    Content type: Technical note

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  3. Immunofluorescence analyses of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) allografts following remnant-preserving ACL reconstruction using Achilles tendon allografts have provided evidence for the presence of neural ele...

    Authors: Sung Hyun Lee, Hyung Gyu Cho, Jin Soo Song, Keun Churl Chun and Churl Hong Chun

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:277

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) is a common birth defect that causes severe deformities of one or both feet. Genetics have been proven to play a key role in the risk of CTEV. Our study aimed to evaluate ...

    Authors: Jian Li, Zhi Wang, Dongxu Feng, Wei Wang and Weilou Feng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:276

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Ischemia-reperfusion injury of the spinal cord (SCII) often leads to unalterable neurological deficits, which may be associated with apoptosis induced by oxidative stress and inflammation. Astaxanthin (AST) is...

    Authors: Jian Fu, Haibin Sun, Haofei Wei, Mingjie Dong, Yongzhe Zhang, Wei Xu, Yanwei Fang and Jianhui Zhao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:275

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Authors: Giovanni Trisolino, Marta Favero, Dante Dallari, Enrico Tassinari, Francesco Traina, Miguel Otero, Steven R. Goldring, Mary B. Goldring, Chiara Carubbi, Roberta Ramonda, Stefano Stilli, Brunella Grigolo and Eleonora Olivotto

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:274

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  7. Limited reference is available regarding surgical management in symptomatic ulnar styloid fractures with small bony avulsion. The study goal is to report the surgical outcomes using anchor suture fixation with...

    Authors: Alvin Chao-Yu Chen, Yi-Hsuan Lin, Chun-Jui Weng and Chun-Ying Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:273

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Clubfoot is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal congenital defects. Gold standard treatment of idiopathic clubfoot is the conservative Ponseti method, including the reduction of deformity with weekly ser...

    Authors: Christian Walter, Saskia Sachsenmaier, Markus Wünschel, Martin Teufel and Marco Götze

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:271

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Sensory nerve endings in ligaments play an important role for the proprioceptive function. Clinical trials show that the sense of body position does not fully recover in the knee joint after reconstructive sur...

    Authors: D. Rebmann, H. O. Mayr, H. Schmal, S. Hernandez Latorre and A. Bernstein

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:270

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the therapeutic effect of fasciotomy through multiple small skin incisions for the treatment of early osteofascial compartment syndrome in children.

    Authors: Xiaowei Yuan, Jun Wu, Xiangyang Qu, Ming Li, Linjun Jiang and Xing Liu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:269

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by excess production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6)...

    Authors: Tomotake Kanai, Naoki Kondo, Masayasu Okada, Hiroshige Sano, Go Okumura, Yasufumi Kijima, Akira Ogose, Hiroyuki Kawashima and Naoto Endo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:87

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The clinical and molecular characteristics of osteofibrous dysplasia (OFD)-like adamantinoma (AD) differ from those of classic AD. Most reports about OFD-like AD are case reports or small case series. More cas...

    Authors: Zhiping Deng, Lihua Gong, Qing Zhang, Lin Hao, Yi Ding and Xiaohui Niu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:268

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The relationship between collar design of a femoral component and iliopsoas impingement (IPI) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is still underrecognized. The purpose of our study was to determine the possible...

    Authors: Jiandi Qiu, Xiurong Ke, Shanxi Chen, Liben Zhao, Fanghui Wu, Guojing Yang and Lei Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:267

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Osteoarthritis is a mechanical abnormality characterized by chronic joint pain associated with degeneration of the articular cartilage, synovitis, and local inflammation, leading to loss of function and pain. ...

    Authors: Thomas A. Verbeek, Nancy Ruth Jarbadan, Charles Davis and Julia Caldwell

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:266

    Content type: Research article

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  15. D-dimer, a coagulation-related indicator, has recently been used as a tool for the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), but its reliability is uncertain. The purpose of this systematic review and...

    Authors: Guangxu Lu, Tong Li, Haoqi Ye, Shujin Liu, Peng Zhang and Wenliang Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:265

    Content type: Systematic review

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  16. Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head (ANFH) has a high incidence in the community and causes substantial problems with health as well as economic and social stress. Core decompression is the most commonly used...

    Authors: Yang Tan, Hangyuan He, Zihao Wan, Jun Qin, Yinxian Wen, Zhengqi Pan, Hua Wang and Liaobin Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:264

    Content type: Research article

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  17. This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the role of nonoperative treatment and volar locking plate (VLP) fixation in elderly patients with distal radial fracture.

    Authors: Qiang Li, Chao Ke, Shuang Han, Xin Xu, Yu-Xuan Cong, Kun Shang, Ji-Dong Liang and Bin-Fei Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:263

    Content type: Systematic review

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  18. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is an alternative to conservative therapy in the treatment of cervical spondylopathy. This study evaluated the clinical outcome of ACDF with BMP-2-adsorbed β-tric...

    Authors: Ze Wang, Soomin Lee, Zheng Li, Shuhao Liu, Qintong Xu, Jian Zhang and Dehua Meng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:262

    Content type: Research article

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  19. This study is to describe the detailed design and surgical techniques of three-dimensional (3D)-printed customized prosthesis for pubic bone defect.

    Authors: Yuqi Zhang, Li Min, Minxun Lu, Jie Wang, Yitian Wang, Yi Luo, Yong Zhou, Hong Duan and Chongqi Tu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:261

    Content type: Research article

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  20. To analyse the anatomical conditions of transverse sacroiliac screw (TSS) about the S1 and S2 segments in order to develop and validate a locked navigational template for TSS placement.

    Authors: Chao Wu, Jiayan Deng, Jian Pan, Tao Li, Lun Tan and Dechao Yuan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:260

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Percutaneous vertebroplasty is the most common treatment for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture. However, the morbidity of vertebroplasty-related complications, such as cement leakage, remains high. W...

    Authors: Jun Yan, Qiaohui Liu, Yanping Zheng, Ziqun Liu, Xinyu Liu, Xun Guo, Penghui Liu, Peng Chen, Suomao Yuan, Yonghao Tian and Wanlong Xu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:259

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Minimally invasive repair is a better option for Achilles tendon rupture with low re-rupture and wound-related complications than conservative treatment or traditional open repair. The major problem is sural n...

    Authors: Yang Yongliang, Jia Honglei, Zhang Wupeng, Xu Shihong, Wang Fu, Wang Bomin, Li Qinghu, Wang Yonghui and Han Shumei

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:258

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Osteoarthritis is the most prevalent type of arthritis, which significantly impacts the patient’s mobility and quality of life. Pharmacological treatments for osteoarthritis, such as corticosteroids, produce a...

    Authors: Andrejs Elksniņš-Finogejevs, Luis Vidal and Andrejs Peredistijs

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:257

    Content type: Research article

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  24. EFECE systems are newly defined internal fixation systems, which are suitable for patella fracture fixation. The aim of this study was to compare the fixation strength of EFECE Systems with tension band wiring...

    Authors: Emre Karadeniz and Elif Nedret Keskinoz

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:256

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The dysregulation of proliferation and apoptosis plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of postmenopausal osteoporosis (PO). MicroRNAs play an important role in regulating apoptosis of MC3T3-E1 cells. Ho...

    Authors: Wei Zhang, Sheng-Yu Cui, Hong Yi, Xin-Hui Zhu, Wei Liu and You-Jia Xu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:255

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Osteotomes are bone cutting tools commonly reused in orthopedic surgical procedures. Despite undergoing rigorous cleaning, visual inspection, and sterilization procedures between every use, the condition of th...

    Authors: David E. White, Jim Bartley, Christopher Whittington, Lorenzo M. G. Garcia, Kaushik Chand and Celine Turangi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:253

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis (AAA) is a standard surgical method for the treatment of advanced traumatic ankle arthritis and has become more popular due to its advantages. To fix the tibiotalar joint, the us...

    Authors: Sen Wang, Jian Yu, Xin Ma, Dahang Zhao, Xiang Geng, Jiazhang Huang and Xu Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:252

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is the most serious complication of joint replacement surgery. Further comorbidities include bedsore, deep vein thrombosis, reinfection, or even death. An increasing number...

    Authors: Cheng Li, Christina Ojeda-Thies, Chi Xu and Andrej Trampuz

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:251

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In recent years, percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) has provided a new option for the treatment of Kümmell’s disease (KD). This retrospective study aimed to investigate the differences in clinical characteristi...

    Authors: Ji-Bin Chen, Ya-Ping Xiao, Dong Chen, Jian-Zhong Chang and Te Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:250

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Traumatic pelvic fracture (TPF) is a significant injury that results from high energy impact and has a high morbidity and mortality.

    Authors: Husham Abdelrahman, Ayman El-Menyar, Holger Keil, Abduljabbar Alhammoud, Syed Imran Ghouri, Elhadi Babikir, Mohammad Asim, Matthias Muenzberg and Hassan Al-Thani

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:249

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Dual orthogonal plating of clavicle fractures may provide greater stiffness and strength than unilateral plate constructs and allow the use of lower-profile plates. We aim to biomechanically compare three clav...

    Authors: Glenn N. Boyce, Andrew J. Philpott, David C. Ackland and Eugene T. Ek

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:248

    Content type: Research article

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  32. External fixation improves open fracture management in emerging countries. However, sophisticated models are often expensive and unavailable. We assessed the biomechanical properties of a low-cost external fix...

    Authors: Kouamé Jean-Eric Kouassi, Olivier Cartiaux, Loic Fonkoué, Christine Detrembleur and Olivier Cornu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:247

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Postoperative pain in children has always been inadequately evaluated. This study aims to evaluate the postoperative pain response using an additional dose of brachial plexus block (BPB) for younger children r...

    Authors: Jin Li, Saroj Rai, Ruikang Liu, Ruijing Xu and Pan Hong

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:246

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Grip strength measurement is widely used in daily medical practice, and it has been reported that the grip strength decreases in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, conventional grip dynamomet...

    Authors: Toru Sasaki, Koji Makino, Akimoto Nimura, Shiro Suzuki, Tomoyuki Kuroiwa, Takafumi Koyama, Atsushi Okawa, Hidetsugu Terada and Koji Fujita

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:245

    Content type: Research article

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  35. To design a new type of screw for minimally invasive atlantoaxial anterior transarticular screw (AATS) fixation with a diameter that is significantly thicker than that of traditional screws, threaded structure...

    Authors: Yingkai Zhang, Cheng Li, Lei Li, Yanyan Sun, Zeqing Li, Yunli Mei and Xinyuan Feng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:244

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Although pelvic and related parameters have been well stated in lumbar developmental spondylolisthesis, cervical sagittal alignment in these patients is poorly studied, especially in high dysplastic developmen...

    Authors: Xinhu Guo, Weishi Li, Zhongqiang Chen, Zhaoqing Guo, Qiang Qi, Yan Zeng, Chuiguo Sun and Woquan Zhong

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:243

    Content type: Research article

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  37. This study investigated the effects of posteromedial fracture fragments on the postoperative stability of intertrochanteric fractures of the femur by analyzing the quantity and range of fragments in CT 3D reco...

    Authors: Hanru Ren, Rongguang Ao, Lianghao Wu, Zheng Jian, Xinhua Jiang and Baoqing Yu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:242

    Content type: Research article

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  38. To determine the relationship between inflammation/immune-based indexes and deep venous thrombosis (DVT) incidence rate following tibial plateau fractures

    Authors: Dawei Liu, Yanbin Zhu, Wei Chen, Junyong Li, Kuo Zhao, Junzhe Zhang, Hongyu Meng and Yingze Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:241

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Alendronate (AL) is the most widely used bisphosphonate in the treatment of osteoporosis (OP). However, the role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in the treatment of OP with AL remains unclear.

    Authors: Jianbiao Lin, Shaofeng Ma, Cong Zhu, Changqing Chen, Weibin Lin, Canbin Lin, Guofeng Huang and Zhenqi Ding

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:240

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Joints withstand huge forces, but little is known about subchondral pressures and perfusion during loading. We developed an in vitro calf foot model to explore intraosseous pressure (IOP) and subchondral perfu...

    Authors: Michael Beverly, Barbara E. Marks and David W Murray

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:239

    Content type: Research article

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  41. To investigate the risk factors for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) after the treatment of femoral neck fracture in patients under 60 years old.

    Authors: Fang Pei, Rui Zhao, Fenglei Li, Xiangyang Chen, KaiJin Guo and Liang Zhu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:238

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Atrophic non-union fractures show no radiological evidence of callus formation within 3 months of fracture. microRNA dysregulation may underlie the dysfunctional osteogenesis in atrophic non-union fractures. H...

    Authors: Hui Xie, Ming Liu, Yaofeng Jin, Haiqing Lin, Yushan Zhang and Song Zheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:237

    Content type: Research article

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  43. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Wenhui Ma, Zhiyong Quan, Jing Wang, Xiangdong Li and Guoquan Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:236

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:181

  44. To investigate the association of paraspinal muscle quantity and quality with functional status in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and explore whether degeneration of paraspinal muscle could predict...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Zhuoran Sun, Weishi Li and Zhongqiang Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:235

    Content type: Research article

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