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  1. The configuration of the distal surface of the femur would be more important in terms of the patellofemoral (PF) joint contact because the patella generally contacts with the distal surface of the femur in kne...

    Authors: Shinya Kawahara, Ken Okazaki, Shuichi Matsuda, Hiroyuki Nakahara, Shigetoshi Okamoto and Yukihide Iwamoto

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:54

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Laminar screws and lateral mass screws have been increasingly used in the treatment of cervical diseases. The purpose of this study is to determine the morphological characteristics of the posterior anatomical...

    Authors: Zhenyu Wang, Jiali Leng, Jianhua Liu and Yi Liu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:53

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Minimally invasive surgical approaches are widely used for total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, potential problems related to a reduced visual field during surgery, such as implant malposition, neurovascular...

    Authors: Shinya Hayashi, Takaaki Fujishiro, Shingo Hashimoto, Noriyuki Kanzaki, Ryosuke Kuroda and Masahiro Kurosaka

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:52

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Progressive loss of extension and concomitant bony deformity of the elbow are results of persistent biceps contracture in obstetric brachial plexus injury (OBPI) patients, if they do not fully recover. This ad...

    Authors: Rahul K Nath and Chandra Somasundaram

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:51

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Muscle injury is common and is thought to account for 10%–50% of all sports-related injuries. The use of rest, ice, compression, and elevation is common in clinical practice, but many treatments over a long pe...

    Authors: Kazuhide Inage, Yoshihiro Sakuma, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Akiko Suganami, Sumihisa Orita, Go Kubota, Yasuhiro Oikawa, Takeshi Sainoh, Jun Sato, Kazuki Fujimoto, Yasuhiro Shiga, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori and Yutaka Tamura

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:50

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment of infected nonunion of tibia and femur by bone transport.

    Authors: Peng Yin, Lihai Zhang, Tongtong Li, Licheng Zhang, Guoqi Wang, Jiantao Li, Jianheng Liu, Jianfeng Zhou, Qun Zhang and Peifu Tang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:49

    Content type: Research article

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  7. There is a high prevalence of blood product transfusions in orthopedic surgery. The reported prevalence of red blood cell transfusions in unselected patients undergoing hip or knee replacement varies between 2...

    Authors: Malin S Carling, Anders Jeppsson, Bengt I Eriksson and Helena Brisby

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:48

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Authors: Bo Ran, Guo-you Zhang, Feng Shen, Jia-yu Chen, Ji-bin Wu, Feng-chao Zhao, Kai-jin Guo, Dun-yi Qi, Bing Zhou, Xiang-yang Chen, Xin-zhu Zhang, Yue-hua Qiao and Ming Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:44

    Content type: Retraction Note

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    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2014 9:19

  9. Concerns have been raised regarding residual symptoms of caudal segment (L5-S1) degeneration that may affect clinical outcomes or require additional surgery after isolated L4-5 fusion, especially if there is p...

    Authors: Kyung-Chul Choi, Hyeong-Ki Shim, Jin-Sung Kim and Sang-Ho Lee

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:39

    Content type: Research article

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  10. This randomized controlled trial was carried out to (1) evaluate the effect of nucleoplasty with coblation on the PLA2 activity in the degenerative intervertebral disks of an animal model and (2) explore the p...

    Authors: Dajiang Ren, Zhicheng Zhang, Tiansheng Sun and Fang Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:38

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor BB (rhPDGF-BB) combined with an osteoconductive scaffold (β-TCP) has been demonstrated to increase bone formation, but rhPDGF-BB has not been studied in human f...

    Authors: Albert Christersson, Bengt Sandén and Sune Larsson

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:37

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a vital therapy for various hip joint diseases. However, patients have lower hemoglobin level post-operatively, remarkably inconsistent with the measured blood loss. The inconsi...

    Authors: Kaisong Miao, Su Ni, Xianju Zhou, Nanwei Xu, Rongbin Sun, Chao Zhuang and Yuji Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:36

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major joint disease in humans and many other animals. Consequently, medical countermeasures for OA have been investigated diligently. This study was designed to examine the regeneratio...

    Authors: Daiki Murata, Satoshi Tokunaga, Tadashi Tamura, Hiroaki Kawaguchi, Noriaki Miyoshi, Makoto Fujiki, Koichi Nakayama and Kazuhiro Misumi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:35

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The pattern of lateral meniscus tears observed in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-injured subjects varies greatly and determines subsequent management. Certain tear patterns with major biomechanical consequen...

    Authors: Matthias J Feucht, Sebastian Bigdon, Gerrit Bode, Gian M Salzmann, David Dovi-Akue, Norbert P Südkamp and Philipp Niemeyer

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:34

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Anterior C2/3 discectomy and interbody fusion (ACDF) with plating is increasingly performed as the primary treatment of unstable Hangman’s fracture; however, plate-related complications, such as screw back-out...

    Authors: Fuxin Wei, Ximin Pan, Zhiyu Zhou, Shangbin Cui, Rui Zhong, Le Wang, Manman Gao, Ningning Chen, Zijian Liang, Xuenong Zou, Sheng Huang and Shaoyu Liu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:33

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The objective measurement of the mechanical component and its role in chronic ankle instability is still a matter of scientific debate. We analyzed known group and diagnostic validity of our ankle arthrometer....

    Authors: Heinz Lohrer, Tanja Nauck, Dominic Gehring, Sabrina Wissler, Bela Braag and Albert Gollhofer

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:32

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) could give rise to excellent outcomes and significant improvements in pain, analgesic requirements, function, cost, and incidence of serious...

    Authors: Yu-Tong Gu, Dong-Hui Zhu, Hai-Fei Liu, Feng Zhang and Robert McGuire

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:31

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The pathogenesis of Monteggia injuries remains controversial. The current study biomechanically explored the pathological changes during Monteggia fractures using finite element analysis.

    Authors: Jiangwei Tan, Mingzhang Mu, Guangjun Liao, Yong Zhao and Jianmin Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:30

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The management for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with spinal stenosis remains controversial. Reduction of lumbar spondylolisthesis has been performed via numerous techniques. Most of them need extra re...

    Authors: Zu-De Liu, Xin-Feng Li, Lie Qian, Lian-Ming Wu, Li-Feng Lao and Han-Tao Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:29

    Content type: Technical Note

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  20. Complications and failure of vertebroplasty, such as cement dislodgement, cement leakage, or spinal infection, usually result in spinal instability and neural element compression. Combined anterior and posteri...

    Authors: Yen-Chun Chiu, Shih-Chieh Yang, Hung-Shu Chen, Yu-Hsien Kao and Yuan-Kun Tu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:28

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Functional tissue engineering has emerged as a potential means for treatment of cartilage defect. Development of a stable cartilage composite is considered to be a good option. The aim of the study was to obse...

    Authors: Kamal Jamil, Kien-Hui Chua, Samad Joudi, Sook-Luan Ng and Nor Hamdan Yahaya

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:27

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This study aims to determine if the involvement of tensile stress affects the expressions of inflammatory cytokines interleukin-17(IL-17), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) at ...

    Authors: Chao Han, Xin-long Ma, Tao Wang, Jian-xiong Ma, Peng Tian, Jia-cheng Zang, Jing-bo Kong and Xiao-dan Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:26

    Content type: Research

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  23. The Editors of Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 8 (2014).

    Authors: Anish Raj Kadakia and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:25

    Content type: Reviewer Acknowledgement

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  24. The overarching goals of treatments for orthopedic conditions are generally to improve or restore function and alleviate pain. Results of clinical trials are generally used to determine whether a treatment is ...

    Authors: Nathaniel P Katz, Florence C Paillard and Evan Ekman

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:24

    Content type: Review

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  25. The aim of this study was to analyze and compare the surgical data, clinical outcomes, and complications between three-column osteotomy (3-COS) and standard surgical management (SSM) for the treatment of adult...

    Authors: Xinran Ji, Hua Chen, Yiling Zhang, Lihai Zhang, Wei Zhang, Sigurd Berven and Peifu Tang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:23

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In recent years, the choice of ceramic-on-ceramic (COC) and metal-on-polyethylene (MOP) in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare the reliability a...

    Authors: Dongcai Hu, Kai Tie, Xiao Yang, Yang Tan, Mohammed Alaidaros and Liaobin Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:22

    Content type: Research article

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  27. There are some arguments between the use of hydroxyapatite and porous coating. Some studies have shown that there is no difference between these two coatings in total hip arthroplasty (THA), while several othe...

    Authors: Yun-Lin Chen, Tiao Lin, An Liu, Ming-Min Shi, Bin Hu, Zhong-li Shi and Shi-Gui Yan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:21

    Content type: Review

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  28. For osteoporosis or spinal metastases, percutaneous vertebroplasty is effective in pain relief and improvement of mobility. However, the complication rate (cement extravasation and fat embolisms) is relatively...

    Authors: Ka Li, Jun Yan, Qiang Yang, Zhenfeng Li and Jianmin Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:20

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Screw fixation and fragment anchoring in osteoporotic bones is often difficult. Problems like the cut out phenomenon and implant migration in osteoporotic bones have been reported. One possibility of improving...

    Authors: Hanjo Neumann, Stefan Breer, Nils Reimers, Richard Kasch, Arndt-Peter Schulz and Benjamin Kienast

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:18

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Although anterolateral decompression and instrumentation has several advantages in treating thoracolumbar burst fractures, the risk factors for supplementary posterior instrumentation are still unclear.

    Authors: Jiang Chen, Yu-Song Jia, Qi Sun, Jin-Yu Li, Chen-Ying Zheng, Jian Du and Chun-Xiao Bai

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:17

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Warfarinised patients frequently present for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Current practice of heparin ‘bridging’ is potentially cumbersome and hazardous. The research question is if cessation of warfarin is ...

    Authors: Alfred Phillips, Michael Dan, Nathan Schaefer and Raymond Randle

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:16

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In this article, bone cells and their intercellular communications have been reviewed. Gap junctions and hemichannels are the main routes of interactions in bone tissue. They play a substantial role in surviva...

    Authors: Samaneh Mollazadeh, Bibi Sedigheh Fazly Bazzaz and Mohammad Amin Kerachian

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:15

    Content type: Review

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  33. Expansive open-door laminoplasty is widely accepted as a reliable procedure for cervical myelopathy. However, one acknowledged complication is spring-back complication or closure of the door which may result i...

    Authors: Xin-Kui Li, Xu Liu, Lu Che, Chi-Jiao Ma, Dino Samartzis and Hai-Qiang Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:14

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The management of acute Rockwood type III acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) dislocation remains controversial, and the debate about whether patients should be conservatively or surgically treated continues. This s...

    Authors: Angelo De Carli, Riccardo Maria Lanzetti, Alessandro Ciompi, Domenico Lupariello, Pierpaolo Rota and Andrea Ferretti

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:13

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The objective of this study is to do a meta-analysis of the literature and compare the safety and efficacy of endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR) and open carpal tunnel release (OCTR) for idiopathic carpal...

    Authors: Dongqing Zuo, Zifei Zhou, Hongsheng Wang, Yuxin Liao, Longpo Zheng, Yingqi Hua and Zhengdong Cai

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:12

    Content type: Review

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  36. The aim of this research is to analyze the influence of Modic types on the clinical results of cervical spondylotic myelopathy treated by anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion.

    Authors: Jia Li, Yongqian Li, Jingchao Wei and Yong Shen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:11

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Topping-off technique in preventing the aggravation of degeneration caused by adjacent segment fusion.

    Authors: Zhenqi Zhu, Chenjun Liu, Kaifeng Wang, Jian Zhou, Jiefu Wang, Yi Zhu and Haiying Liu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:10

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The purpose of this study is to compare glenopolar angle (GPA) and the functional outcomes of fixation of both the clavicle and the scapular neck, fixation of the clavicle alone, and conservative treatment for...

    Authors: Tsung-Li Lin, Yu-Fen Li, Chin-Jung Hsu, Chih-Hung Hung, Chi-Chang Lin, Yi-Chin Fong, Horng-Chaung Hsu and Chun-Hao Tsai

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:9

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Whether bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BH) for displaced femoral neck fractures has benefit over unipolar hemiarthroplasty (UH) remains controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomize...

    Authors: Zhiwei Jia, Fan Ding, Yaohong Wu, Wei Li, Haifeng Li, Deli Wang, Qing He and Dike Ruan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:8

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Concurrent ipsilateral fractures of the proximal and shaft of the femur are rare complex fracture combinations. In this prospective cohort study, we evaluated clinical and radiological long-term results after ...

    Authors: Christian von Rüden, Markus Tauber, Alexander Woltmann, Jan Friederichs, Simon Hackl, Volker Bühren and Christian Hierholzer

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:7

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Lateral pedicle wall perforations occur frequently during pedicle screw insertion. Although it is known that such an occurrence decreases the screw pull-out strength, the effect has not been quantified biomech...

    Authors: Nan Li, Da He, Yonggang Xing, Yanwei LV and Wei Tian

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:6

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Joint replacements may fail due to infection, dislocation, peri-prosthetic fracture and loosening. Between 0.4 and 4% of joint replacements are known to be complicated by infection and aseptic loosening 2–18%....

    Authors: Olu Adesanya, Andrew Sprowson, James Masters and Charles Hutchinson

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2015 10:5

    Content type: Review

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