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  1. Zones 2 and 3 fifth metatarsal fractures are often treated with intramedullary fixation due to an increased risk of nonunion. A previous 3-dimensional (3D) computerized tomography (CT) imaging study by our gro...

    Authors: Rusheel Nayak, Joshua Barrett, Milap S. Patel, Mauricio P. Barbosa and Anish R. Kadakia

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:209

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Deer antler is a zoological exception due to its fantastic characteristics, including amazing growth rate and repeatable regeneration. Deer antler has been used as a key ingredient in traditional Chinese medic...

    Authors: Mengqi Guan, Daian Pan, Mei Zhang, Xiangyang Leng and Baojin Yao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:208

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Locking plate osteosynthesis via an L-shaped lateral approach is the gold standard in treating displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. High complication rates are known for this approach. The most frequ...

    Authors: Eva Steinhausen, Wolfgang Martin, Rolf Lefering, Sven Lundin, Martin Glombitza, Bastian Mester, Nikolaus Brinkmann and Marcel Dudda

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:203

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The aim of this study is to histologically and biomechanically investigate the effects of local PRP and ozone therapy (O2O3) on tendon-to-bone healing in a rabbit model of the supraspinatus tendon tear.

    Authors: Murat Gurger, Gokhan Once, Erhan Yilmaz, Sukru Demir, Ilknur Calik, Yakup Say, Ahmet Kavakli, Sefa Key, Mustafa Umit Gurbuz and Onur Bingollu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:202

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS III) comprises a group of rare lysosomal storage diseases. Although musculoskeletal symptoms are less pronounced than in other MPS subtypes, pathologies of hip and spine hav...

    Authors: Sandra Rafaela Breyer, Eik Vettorazzi, Leonie Schmitz, Amit Gulati, Katharina Maria von Cossel, Alexander Spiro, Martin Rupprecht, Ralf Stuecker and Nicole Maria Muschol

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:201

    Content type: Research article

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  6. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Qi Li, Guo Mu, Xiangbo Liu and Milian Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:200

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:77

  7. Utilizing intrawound vancomycin powder in TKA surgery has yielded rather contrasting results in the current literature. Furthermore, CDC criteria, although effective in general, are not specifically designed f...

    Authors: Mohammad Naghi Tahmasebi, Arash Sharafat Vaziri, Fardis Vosoughi, Mohamad Tahami, Majid Khalilizad and Hamid Rabie

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:199

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Cement mantle penetration and the cement–bone interface strength were critical to a successful primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). It remained unclear whether decreased blood and fat in the cancellous bone ...

    Authors: Changjiao Sun, Xin Yang, Xiaofei Zhang, Qi Ma, Peng Yu, Xu Cai and Yonggang Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:198

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The surgical approaches remain controversial for the treatment of middle and distal-third humeral shaft (MDTHS) fractures. This study compared clinical effects of the anterolateral approach with two incisions ...

    Authors: Qiang Huang, Yao Lu, Zhi Meng Wang, Liang Sun, Teng Ma, Qian Wang, Ming Li, Hong Liang Liu, Ming Ming Hou, Han Zhong Xue, Kun Zhang and Zhong Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:197

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The best treatment for acute Achilles tendon ruptures remains controversial. No cohort studies have compared different immobilisation durations after open surgery. This retrospective cohort study aimed to dete...

    Authors: Xiang Yu Xu, Shan Gao, Yang Lv, Fang Zhou, Chen Jiao, Ji Xing Fan and Teng Jiao Zhu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:196

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Osteoporosis (OP) and osteoarthritis (OA) commonly coexist in postmenopausal females. The decrease in bone density and increase in bone resorption in postmenopausal females with OP may consequently affect the ...

    Authors: Rui Ma, Mengjun Wu, Yongwei Li, Jialin Wang, Pei Yang, Yuanyuan Chen, Wei Wang, Jinhui Song and Kunzheng Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:195

    Content type: Research article

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  12. To analyze the impact of spino cranial angle (SCA) on alteration of cervical alignment after multi-level anterior cervical discectomy fusion (ACDF) and explore the relationship between SCA and health-related q...

    Authors: Zheng Wang, Zhi-Wei Wang, Xi-Wen Fan, Xian-Da Gao, Wen-Yuan Ding and Da-Long Yang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:194

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Leg length (LL) and offset (OS) are important factors in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Because most LL and OS callipers used in THA depend on fixed points on the pelvis and the femur, limb position could affec...

    Authors: Haruo Kawamura, Yasuhiko Watanabe, Tomofumi Nishino and Hajime Mishima

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:193

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Rotational acetabular osteotomy (RAO) is a type of pelvic osteotomy performed to improve the acetabular bony coverage against the femoral head for patients with acetabular dysplasia. The acetabular bony covera...

    Authors: Takeyuki Tanaka, Toru Moro, Hisatoshi Ishikura, Kazuaki Hashikura, Taizo Kaneko and Sakae Tanaka

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:192

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Ulnar head fractures are increasingly higher with the growing proportion of the elderly people. Failure to achieve a stable anatomic reduction of ulna head fracture may lead to a distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ)...

    Authors: Yue Zhang, Qin Shao, Chensong Yang, Changqing Ai, Di Zhou, Yang Yu and Guixin Sun

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:191

    Content type: Research article

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  16. It is reported that osteoporosis commonly occurs among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), whereas the association between osteoporosis and osteoarthritis (OA) remains controversial. Our aim in this study...

    Authors: Zhongxin Zhu, Gangfeng Hu, Fang Jin and Xiaocong Yao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:190

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Osteoporosis (OP) is increasingly prevalent with the aging of the world population. It is urgent to identify efficient diagnostic signatures for the clinical application.

    Authors: Xinlei Chen, Guangping Liu, Shuxiang Wang, Haiyang Zhang and Peng Xue

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:189

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is most frequently planned using conventional two-dimensional weight-bearing lower limb radiographs and is performed with conventional femoral and tibial cutting guides. Questions...

    Authors: Kevin Moerenhout, Behrang Allami, Georgios Gkagkalis, Olivier Guyen and Brigitte M. Jolles

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:188

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The aim of this study is to analyse the re-operation rate after surgical treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talus (OCLTs) in children and adolescents.

    Authors: Daniel Körner, Christoph E. Gonser, Stefan Döbele, Christian Konrads, Fabian Springer and Gabriel Keller

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:187

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Mini-hook plate has been described for the treatment of various small avulsion fragments in the hand. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate clinical outcomes after mini-hook plate fixation in patients wit...

    Authors: Jung Il Lee, Ki-Chul Park, Hyun Soo So and Duk Hee Lee

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:186

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The decision to resurface the patella as part of total knee arthroplasty may be influenced by the surgeon’s preference, education, training, tradition and geographic location. Advocates for non-resurfacing or ...

    Authors: Thomas Parsons, Talal Al-Jabri, Nick D. Clement, Nicola Maffulli and Deiary F. Kader

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:185

    Content type: Systematic review

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  22. Orthopedic manifestations of congenital insensitivity to pain (CIP) can be devastating if left untreated. Knee deformities are common in patients with CIP and might lead to joint destruction and loss of walkin...

    Authors: Soroush Baghdadi, Sadegh Saberi and Taghi Baghdadi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:184

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The medical community has recognized overweight as an epidemic negatively affecting a large proportion of the pediatric population, but few studies have been performed to investigate the relationship between o...

    Authors: Yu Liu, Chunjie Liu, Dongmei Guo, Ning Wang, Ying Zhao and Dan Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:182

    Content type: Research article

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  24. This article has been retracted. Please see the Retraction Notice for more detail: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13018-019-1458-5.

    Authors: Yong-Gon Koh, Jin-Ah Lee, Hwa-Yong Lee, Dong-Suk Suh, Hyo-Jeong Kim and Kyoung-Tak Kang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:181

    Content type: Retraction Note

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    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:400

  25. Acromioclavicular joint dislocation is a shoulder joint injury common in the clinical setting and is generally surgically treated with clavicular hook plate technique with confirmed curative effect. However, s...

    Authors: Rui Qiao, Jiarui Yang, Kun Zhang and Zhe Song

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:180

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Patella fractures requiring surgery are traditionally treated using metallic implants, which are associated with high re-operation rates, mainly due to implant prominence. To overcome the problem of prominent ...

    Authors: J. Adjal and I. Ban

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:179

    Content type: Technical note

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  27. There is little information available regarding the cage diameter that can provide the most rigid construct reconstruction after total en bloc spondylectomy (TES). The aim of this study was thus to determine t...

    Authors: Permsak Paholpak, Winai Sirichativapee, Taweechok Wisanuyotin, Weerachai Kosuwon, Yuichi Kasai and Hideki Murakami

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:178

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Dissimilar total knee arthroplasty implant designs offer different functional characteristics. This is the first work in the literature to fully assess the Columbus ultra-congruent mobile (UCR) system with a r...

    Authors: Dimitrios-Sokratis Komaris, Cheral Govind, Andrew James Murphy, Jon Clarke, Alistair Ewen, Hollie Leonard and Philip Riches

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:177

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Whether the cement should be used in the total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was still in controversy. This meta-analysis was performed to compare the efficacy of two kinds of fixation.

    Authors: Yuan Liu, Yi Zeng, Yuangang Wu, Mingyang Li, Huiqi Xie and Bin Shen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:176

    Content type: Systematic review

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  30. Pleomorphic liposarcoma is the least common but most aggressive subtype of liposarcoma. Very few studies have presented data on pleomorphic liposarcoma specifically, often including a limited number of cases a...

    Authors: Lu Wan, Chao Tu, Lin Qi and Zhihong Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:175

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:228

  31. Hip fracture is common and carries high morbidity and mortality; thus, it has become a vital concern. We aim to analyse the present status, worldwide trends in hip fracture and state of clinical research.

    Authors: Guanrong Peng, Zhenhua Guan, Yunfei Hou, Jiaxiang Gao, Wenqun Rao, Xianyun Yuan, Jiusheng Guo, Xiaohua Huang, Zhangrong Zhong and Jianhao Lin

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:174

    Content type: Research article

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  32. A few literatures reported that the outcomes of total knee replacement (TKR) in posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) were lower compared to TKR in primary osteoarthritis (primary OA). The study’s purpose was to...

    Authors: Ong-art Phruetthiphat, Biagio Zampogna, Sebastiano Vasta, Benyapa Tassanawipas, Yubo Gao and John J. Callaghan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:173

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Hip replacement is divided into total hip arthroplasty (THA) and hemiarthroplasty (HA); it is still controversial whether to choose THA or HA for femoral neck fractures (FNF). The goal of this study was to rev...

    Authors: Xinbo Li and Jianning Luo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:172

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  34. When multicystic vesicles (precursors of exosomes) are formed in cells, there are two results. One is decomposition by lysosomes, and the other is the generation of exosomes that are transported out through th...

    Authors: Wenbo Zhao, Junxian Hu and Qingyi He

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:171

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The dysregulation of circular RNAs (circRNAs) has been identified in various human diseases, including osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study was to identify the role and mechanism of circ_SLC39A8 in r...

    Authors: Jizhe Yu, Yushuang Qin and Naxin Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:170

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The iliac crest is one of the most used bone graft sources. In this study, we aimed to identify the effects of inner side and two-sided approaches for iliac crest bone harvesting on post-surgery ilium growth i...

    Authors: Xin Chen, Kai Chen and Yuxi Su

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:169

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The purpose of this prospective study was to introduce the application of a double reverse traction repositor (DRTR) in the retrograde intramedullary nailing (RE-IMN) of AO/OTA 33A distal femur fractures.

    Authors: Xiaodong Lian, Kuo Zhao, Wei Chen, Junzhe Zhang, Junyong Li, Hongyu Meng, Zhiyong Hou and Yingze Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:168

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Lumbar interbody fusion is a standard technique for treating degenerative lumbar disorders involving instability. Due to its invasiveness, a minimally invasive technique, extraforaminal lumbar interbody fusion...

    Authors: Motohide Shibayama, Guang Hua Li, Li Guo Zhu, Zenya Ito and Fujio Ito

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:166

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) development. The purpose of this study is to explore the function and mechanism of circRNA fragile mental retardation 2 (circ-AFF2) in the...

    Authors: Wei Qu, Ling Jiang and Guanhua Hou

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:165

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet (WALANT) technique has emerged among hand surgeons with other indications. Surgeries involving pedicled flap and revascularization are no longer used as contraindicati...

    Authors: Jianhua Xu, Lu Yin, Shuming Cao, Haihua Zhan, Jianbing Zhang, Qiang Zhou and Ketong Gong

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:164

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Heterotopic ossifications are a common complication after total hip arthroplasty. Low-dose radiation therapy and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have proven to effectively reduce the rate of heterotopic ...

    Authors: Stella Oberberg, Jan Nottenkämper, Matthias Heukamp, Jan Krapp and Roland E. Willburger

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:163

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Fast track surgery (FTS) has been gradually applied in perioperative management of orthopedic surgery, but there still some research suspected that the prognosis of patients is not as expected and the cost is ...

    Authors: Mingyang Jiang, Siyi Liu, Huachu Deng, Xuzhi Liang and Zhandong Bo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:162

    Content type: Systematic review

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  43. COVID-19 was declared a global emergency in the first quarter of 2020. It is has resulted in and continues in over a million deaths worldwide and halted medical systems and particularly elective surgeries worl...

    Authors: Maciej J. K. Simon and William D. Regan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:161

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. This study was designed to observe the expression of important hedgehog (Hh) signal factors in the bone tissue of rats with chronic fluorosis and cultured osteoblasts in order to investigate the role and signi...

    Authors: Chaonan Deng, Lin Xu, Ying Zhang, Lina Zhao, Yan Linghu and Yanni Yu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:160

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Computer-assisted three-dimensional (3D) planning is increasingly delegated to biomedical engineers. So far, the described fracture reduction approaches rely strongly on the performance of the users. The goal ...

    Authors: Christoph Zindel, Philipp Fürnstahl, Armando Hoch, Tobias Götschi, Andreas Schweizer, Ladislav Nagy and Simon Roner

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2021 16:159

    Content type: Research article

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