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  1. Content type: Research article

    Revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA) is a demanding procedure, with a high complication and failure rate and a high rate of bone losses and poor bone quality. Different classifications for bone losses have ...

    Authors: Federica Rosso, Umberto Cottino, Federico Dettoni, Matteo Bruzzone, Davide Edoardo Bonasia and Roberto Rossi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:280

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In this study, we described a positioner which allows a combination of preoperative plan and intraoperative insertion of the cup to improve the reconstruction of the rotation center of the hip.

    Authors: Liangliang Cao, Yuehui Wang, Shiping Zou and Hui Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:279

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  3. Content type: Research article

    There were several reports describing the biomechanics and microstructure of multifidus muscles in patients with lumbar disc herniation. However, correlations between lumbar multifidus muscle atrophy (LMA), sp...

    Authors: Xiang-Yao Sun, Chao Kong, Tong-Tong Zhang, Shi-Bao Lu, Wei Wang, Si-Yuan Sun, Ma-Chao Guo and Jun-Zhe Ding

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:276

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  4. Content type: Research article

    This retrospective study evaluated the efficacy of minimally invasive surgery to control cyst progression for active unicameral bone cysts (AUBC) by intracystic methylprednisolone injection, percutaneous curet...

    Authors: Qing Liu, Hongbo He, Hao Zeng, Yuhao Yuan, Zhiwei Wang, Xiaopeng Tong and Wei Luo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:275

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Synovial fluid α-defensin is a valuable biomarker for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Its diagnostic value for PJI has been widely evaluated recently, but results are inconsistent, especially for differe...

    Authors: Xuequan Han, Kai Xie, Xu Jiang, Liao Wang, Haishan Wu, Xinhua Qu and Mengning Yan

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:274

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  6. Content type: Systematic review

    Numerous quantitatively based studies measuring the association between gout and the risk of fractures remain inconclusive. In order to determine whether gout could increase the risk of fractures, a meta-analy...

    Authors: Fanxiao Liu, Jinlei Dong, Dongsheng Zhou, Qinglin Kang and Fei Xiong

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:272

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  7. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to compare the radiographic and functional results of Arbeitsgemeinschaftfür Osteosynthesefragen (AO) type C2/C3 fracture of distal radius between volar locking plate (VLP) and external fixation ...

    Authors: Xiaofei Yu, Yadong Yu, Xinzhong Shao, Yanbin Bai and Tong Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:271

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  8. Content type: Systematic review

    Osteonecrosis of the femoral head was gradually concerned as a global disease for its progression to collapse of the femoral head, ultimately causing the arthritic change. Due to the high incidence of this dis...

    Authors: Fan Yang, Qiushi Wei, Xiaojun Chen, Guoju Hong, Zhenqiu Chen, Yaolong Chen and Wei He

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:270

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  9. Content type: Systematic review

    The clinical outcomes of using a cortical screw (CS) for lumbar interbody fusion were evaluated by comparison with conventional pedicle screw (PS) fixation.

    Authors: Tingxin Zhang, Nana Guo, Tiantian Chen, Jinglong Yan, Wei Zhao and Gongping Xu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:269

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  10. Content type: Research article

    With the use of constrained condylar knee (CCK) prostheses, dislocation of the knee following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with valgus deformity is rare. In our practice with such patients, however, an abnorm...

    Authors: Feng Li, Ning Liu, Zijian Li, Kirkham B. Wood and Hua Tian

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:268

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Tibial plateau fractures remain a clinical challenge due to the complexity of the fracture patterns which have been repeatedly categorized by many researchers. However, limitations do exist in some respects. S...

    Authors: Kehan Hua, Xieyuan Jiang, Yejun Zha, Chen Chen, Bosong Zhang and Yujiang Mao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:267

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the functional outcomes and complication rates of patients in short-term and midterm follow-up period when medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA)-appl...

    Authors: Ayşe Esin Polat, Barış Polat, Tahsin Gürpınar, Engin Çarkçı and Olcay Güler

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:266

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  13. Content type: Research article

    At present, much is unknown about the etiology and pathogenesis of ULDH. However, it is interesting to note that many ULDH patients have a radiographic feature of adjacent vertebral wedge deformation. The purp...

    Authors: Feng Wang, Zhen Dong, Yi-peng Li, De-chao Miao, Lin-feng Wang and Yong Shen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:265

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  14. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the incidence of scoliosis and trunk shift in patients with LDH (lumbar disc herniation) and analyze the differences in spinopelvic alignment among patients with or without trunk shift and non-s...

    Authors: Weifei Wu, Ying Chen, Ling Yu, Fei Li and Weichun Guo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:264

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Innovations able to maintain patient safety while reducing the amount of transfusion add value to orthopedic procedures. Opportunities for improvement arise especially in elective procedures, as long as room f...

    Authors: Federico Pennestrì, Nicola Maffulli, Paolo Sirtori, Paolo Perazzo, Francesco Negrini, Giuseppe Banfi and Giuseppe M Peretti

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:263

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Curettage is widely used in orthopedic oncology; the defect created frequently requires filling for mechanical and functional stability for the bones and adjacent joint. Allograft, bone graft substitute, and p...

    Authors: Clark J. Chen and Earl W. Brien

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:261

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The treatment of articular cartilage damage is a major clinical problem. More often, this clinical issue affects children, which forces doctors to find the best treatment method.

    Authors: Ryszard Tomaszewski, Łukasz Wiktor and Artur Gap

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:260

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different doses of ginsenoside Rb1 (GRb1) pretreatment on spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion (SCII) in rats and explore the potential mechanisms about the exp...

    Authors: Jin-tao Ye, Feng-tao Li, Sheng-li Huang, Jian-li Xue, Yirixiati Aihaiti, Hao Wu, Ruo-xi Liu and Bin Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:259

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is a common complication after the laminectomy. Epidural fibrosis is the major cause of lower back pain and other complications. Numerous studies have shown that apigenin (A...

    Authors: Rui Jiao, Hui Chen, Qi Wan, Xiaobo Zhang, Jihang Dai, Xiaolei Li, Lianqi Yan and Yu Sun

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:258

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  20. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the effect of oral Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) administration on recovery of hand functions in senior patients diagnosed with an acute distal radius fracture.

    Authors: Chunhua Zhang, Sujuan Xue, Yong Wang, Dan Yu, Limei Hua, Chunhua Guo, Dawei Wang and Min Lei

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:257

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  21. Content type: Research article

    There are many studies on osteoarthritis, but only a few studies deal with human arthrosis, comparing the mechanical properties of healthy and diseased samples. In most of these studies, only isolated areas of...

    Authors: Michael Seidenstuecker, Julius Watrinet, Anke Bernstein, Norbert P. Suedkamp, Sergio H. Latorre, Anastasija Maks and Hermann O. Mayr

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:256

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical outcome of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) assisted with mixed reality (MR) technology in treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) wit...

    Authors: Peiran Wei, Qingqiang Yao, Yan Xu, Huikang Zhang, Yue Gu and Liming Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:255

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Percutaneous fixation with cannulated screws is an effective method for treating medial malleolar epiphyseal fractures, which comprise a portion of bimalleolar and trimalleolar fractures. Lateral malleolar fra...

    Authors: Linjun Jiang, Jun Wu, Ming Li, Xing Liu, Cong Luo and Xiangyang Qu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:254

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  24. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to investigate the curative effects of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in treating hip bony fusion for young and middle-aged patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).

    Authors: Hong-Zhang Guo, Chen-Xu Yang, Zhao-Peng Tang and Cheng-Xiang Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:253

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Conventional posterior open lumbar surgery is associated with considerable trauma to the paraspinal muscles. Severe damage to the paraspinal muscles could cause low back pain (LBP), resulting in poor functiona...

    Authors: Sangbong Ko and Taebum Oh

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:252

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  26. Content type: Correction

    In the original publication of this article [1], the first name of the 5th author is wrong.

    Authors: Cheng-Ta Wu, Mohammed Mahameed, Po-Chun Lin, Yu-Der Lu, Feng-Chih Kuo and Mel S. Lee

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:251

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    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:222

  27. Content type: Research article

    Hip fracture leads to decreased activity and an increased risk of pulmonary complications. The main purpose of this study was to observe the lung capacity, cough capacity of the elderly patient with acute hip ...

    Authors: Jinli-Guo, Chaona-Gao, Haifeng-xin, Jiahui-Li, Bing Li, Zhuan Wei and Yiting-Yue

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:250

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  28. Content type: Systematic review

    Tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis is a common source of pain among craftsmen. Although it cannot be completely resolved, extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and ultrasonics (US) have been found to be ...

    Authors: Chenchen Yan, Yuan Xiong, Lang Chen, Yori Endo, Liangcong Hu, Mengfei Liu, Jing Liu, Hang Xue, Abudula Abududilibaier, Bobin Mi and Guohui Liu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:248

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  29. Content type: Research article

    MIR4435-2HG is an oncogenic lncRNA in gastric cancer and lung cancer. Our preliminary microarray data showed that MIR4435-2HG was downregulated in osteoarthritis plasma specimen, indicating the possible involv...

    Authors: Yu Xiao, Yucheng Bao, Liang Tang and Li Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:247

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  30. Content type: Research article

    While there are several different animal models for use in the characterization of spinal fixation, none have emerged as a definitive model for comparative studies in spinal fixation methods. The purpose of th...

    Authors: Robert A. Harper, Ferris M. Pfeiffer and Theodore J. Choma

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:246

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The Western Ontario Shoulder Instability index (WOSI) is a questionnaire designed to measure health-related quality of life in patients with shoulder instability. The aim of the current study was to translate ...

    Authors: Uri Gottlieb and Shmuel Springer

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:245

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Limb length discrepancy (LLD) in the setting of concurrent hindfoot and ankle deformity poses an added level of complexity to the reconstructive surgeon. Regardless of etiology, a clinically significant LLD po...

    Authors: Todd M. Chappell, Casey C. Ebert, Kevin M. McCann, Byron L. Hutchinson and Edgardo Rodriguez-Collazo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:244

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Lumbar disc herniation, a type of chronic low back pain syndrome, is caused by the lumbar intervertebral disk degeneration. Genetic variation in the CHRNA5/CHRNA3 has shown strong associations with smoking-relate...

    Authors: Xuejun Yang, Xiaodong Guo, Zhi Huang, Yifeng Da, Wenhua Xing, Feng Li, Manglai Li, Ke Sun, Haiyu Jia and Yong Zhu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:243

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  34. Content type: Research article

    To assess anatomic risk factors for meniscal lesions in association with acute ACL rupture. The primary hypothesis was that tibiofemoral anatomic measures will be different in those with and without concomitan...

    Authors: Romain Gaillard, Robert Magnussen, Cecile Batailler, Philippe Neyret, Sebastien Lustig and Elvire Servien

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:242

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study is to explore the effects of TGF-β1 on autophagy and apoptosis induced by exogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in annulus fibrosus (AF) cells and possible signal pathways involved in this proc...

    Authors: Binbin Ni, Hao Shen, Wei Wang, Hua Lu and Leisheng Jiang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:241

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Evidence on antibiotic-loaded bone cement remains too vague to guide kyphoplasty in patient care. We clinically evaluated the properties and benefits of a new low viscosity polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) bone c...

    Authors: Maciej Opalko, Hans Bösebeck and Sebastian Vogt

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:238

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Meniscal horns are important structures of meniscus, and longitudinal tears of these places could significantly change the load distribution among the knee joint. Few studies concerned the stress concentrated ...

    Authors: Kaijia Zhang, Lan Li, Longfei Yang, Jianping Shi, Liya Zhu, Huixin Liang, Xingsong Wang, Xianfeng Yang and Qing Jiang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:237

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the intraoperative revision rate and reasons for revision following 3D imaging in the management of dislocated articular tibial plateau fractures based on a large patient ...

    Authors: Nils Beisemann, Holger Keil, Benedict Swartman, Marc Schnetzke, Jochen Franke, Paul Alfred Grützner and Sven Y. Vetter

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:236

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Excessive blood loss caused by total joint arthroplasty (TJA) often increases the requirement for blood transfusion, which is associated with adverse outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the re...

    Authors: Tao Jiang, Kai Song, Yao Yao, Pin Pan and Qing Jiang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:235

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  40. Content type: Study protocol

    Acute injuries of the hamstring muscle complex (HMC) type 3b (interfascicle/bundle-tear) are frequently observed in various sports disciplines both in elite and recreational sport. The treatment of choice of a...

    Authors: Javier Crupnik, Santiago Silveti, Natalia Wajnstein, Alejandro Rolon, Alisa Vollhardt, Peter Stiller and Christoph Schmitz

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:234

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this multicentre, retrospective study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of different surgical approaches for treating thoracolumbar tuberculosis.

    Authors: Yong Tang, Wen-jie Wu, Sen Yang, Dong-Gui Wang, Qiang Zhang, Xun Liu, Tian-Yong Hou, Fei Luo, Ze-hua Zhang and Jian-zhong Xu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:233

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Pelvic tumors are usually resected through the utilitarian pelvic incision, an extended ilioinguinal/iliofemoral approach. The pararectus approach, an intrapelvic anatomical approach with extraperitoneal acces...

    Authors: Christophe Kurze, Marius Johann Baptist Keel, Attila Kollár, Klaus Arno Siebenrock and Frank Michael Klenke

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:232

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  43. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to investigate the effects of stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) on biphasic ceramic-like biologic bone (BCBB) in vivo on the repair of large segment bone defect in rabbits.

    Authors: Fuke Wang, Guiran Yang, Yu Xiao, Chuan He, Guofeng Cai, En Song and Yanlin Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:231

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  44. Content type: Research article

    For coronal shear fractures of humeral capitellum, the lateral approach is the most commonly used surgical approach. However, exposure range of the anterior aspect of the distal humerus is inadequate. The ante...

    Authors: Tengbo Yu, Hao Tao, Fenglei Xu, Yanling Hu, Chengdong Zhang and Guangjie Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:230

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (ANFH) is a severe complication after high-dose glucocorticoid (GC) administration. The pathogenesis of GC-induced ANFH remains unclear. Though the important role of endo...

    Authors: Peng Ding, Wen Zhang, Qiyuan Tan, Chen Yao and Sen Lin

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:226

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