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  1. Postoperative delirium is a common psychiatric disorder among patients who undergo spinal surgery. The purpose of current meta-analysis was to assess the potential risk factors related to delirium in spinal su...

    Authors: Hao Jie Zhang, Xue Hai Ma, Jin Biao Ye, Cong Zhi Liu and Zhi Yang Zhou

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:509

    Content type: Systematic review

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  2. Perioperative hyperglycemia is a risk factor for postoperative complications after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). However, the variability of fasting blood glucose (FBG) after TJA remains unknown. We aimed to...

    Authors: Yongyu Ye, Baiqi Pan, Minghui Gu, Guoyan Xian, Weishen Chen, Linli Zheng, Ziji Zhang and Puyi Sheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:508

    Content type: Research article

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  3. This study aimed to explore the relationship among different cervical sagittal parameters in asymptomatic volunteers and the correlation between surgical efficacy and difference of presumed and actual postoper...

    Authors: Jinshui Chen, Juying Wang, Xuepeng Wei, Huapeng Guan, Benhai Wang, Hao Xu and Jianmei Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:507

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The modified Dunn procedure has rapidly gained popularity as a treatment for slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) during the past few years. However, there is limited information regarding its safety and e...

    Authors: Bin Zuo, Jun Feng Zhu, Xu Yi Wang, Cheng Long Wang, Fei Ma and Xiao Dong Chen

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:506

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Optimal balance control is of paramount importance for function recovery after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). The study objective of this meta-analysis was to assess the short- and mid-term effects of proprio...

    Authors: Wen-chao Zhang and Deng Xiao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:505

    Content type: Systematic review

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  6. The accuracy of targeted lower limb alignment correction following HTO is closely related to patients’ pain relief and knee joint survival time. How to accurately perform osteotomy and how to obtain the ideal ...

    Authors: Axiang He, Yanjie Mao, Ying Zhou, Qin Kong, Hui zhang, Yanan Chen, Wanjun Liu and Xianlong Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:504

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Although medical intervention of periprosthetic bone loss in the immediate postoperative period was recommended, not all the patients experienced periprosthetic bone loss after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Pr...

    Authors: Guangtao Fu, Mengyuan Li, Yunlian Xue, Qingtian Li, Zhantao Deng, Yuanchen Ma and Qiujian Zheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:503

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Adolescents with scoliosis consistently demonstrate lower body weight, lean muscle mass, and bone mineral density than healthy adolescent counterparts. Recent studies have focused on understanding how leptin a...

    Authors: Qi Wang, Chi Wang, Wenhao Hu, Fanqi Hu, Weibo Liu and Xuesong Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:502

    Content type: Systematic review

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  9. Acetabular orientation changes after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) lead to technical change when performing subsequent total hip arthroplasty (THA). There is no unified consensus regarding the solution for ac...

    Authors: Yunqing Ma, Dianzhong Luo, Hui Cheng, Kai Xiao, Wei Chai, Rui Li and Hong Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:501

    Content type: Research article

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  10. A meta-analysis to access the pros and cons of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) versus InterTAN nail for intertrochanteric femoral fractures including available evidence extracted from literature.

    Authors: Wei Liu, Jie Liu and Guangrong Ji

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:500

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Surgical techniques for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) require femoral rotational corrections that alter the position of the surface of the posterior femoral joint especially in kinematic alignment. However, pr...

    Authors: Ji-Hoon Nam, Yong-Gon Koh, Paul Shinil Kim, Joon-Hee Park and Kyoung-Tak Kang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:499

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Short stem total hip arthroplasty (SHA) preserves femoral bone stock and is supposed to provide a more natural load transfer compared to standard stem total hip arthroplasty (THA). As comparative biomechanical...

    Authors: Shuang G. Yan, Yan Chevalier, Fanxiao Liu, Xingyi Hua, Anna Schreiner, Volkmar Jansson and Florian Schmidutz

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:498

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Lovastatin is an important medicine and it shows a significant effect against glucocorticoid-induced necrosis of the femoral head. This study aimed to investigate the effect of lovastatin on preventing necrosi...

    Authors: Xiangnan Ren, Zixing Shao, Wu Fan, Zixuan Wang, Kaiyun Chen and Xuefeng Yu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:497

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Hemorheological parameters have been confirmed to be related with deep vein thrombosis (DVT). This study is aimed to verify whether preoperative erythrocyte electrophoresis exponent was associated with postope...

    Authors: Dai Xiaoyu, Chen Kai, Huang Zhihui, Li Huan, Zhang Naidong and Ding Wenge

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:496

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The Dupuytren disease is a benign fibroproliferative disorder that leads to the formation of the collagen knots and fibres in the palmar fascia. The previous studies reveal different levels of Dupuytren’s prev...

    Authors: Nader Salari, Mohammadbagher Heydari, Masoud Hassanabadi, Mohsen Kazeminia, Nikzad Farshchian, Mehrdad Niaparast, Yousef Solaymaninasab, Masoud Mohammadi, Shamarina Shohaimi and Alireza Daneshkhah

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:495

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The current research used a new index—adipose to muscle area ratio (AMR)—to measure fatness compared with body mass index (BMI) in elderly osteoarthritis (OA) patients following total knee arthroplasty. Our st...

    Authors: Guanglei Zhao, Changquan Liu, Kangming Chen, Feiyan Chen, Jinyang Lyu, Jie Chen, Jingsheng Shi, Gangyong Huang, Yibing Wei, Siqun Wang and Jun Xia

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:494

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Hydatid disease (HD) is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by the larvae of Echinococcus, It is mainly prevalent in pastoral areas. Bone echinococcosis is rare, accounting for 0.5 to 4.0% of all echinococcosi...

    Authors: Yu-Wei Chen, A. I. E. R. K. E. N. aikebaier and Yuan Zhao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:493

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The aim of the current study is to introduce a new therapeutic strategy for simultaneous correction of complex foot deformities (CFD) and the associated lower limb deformities (LLD) by using Ilizarov technique...

    Authors: Qin Boquan, Ren Yi, Gan Tingjiang, Liu Xi and Zhang Hui

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:492

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) has been reported to be superior to open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in the treatment of different long bone fractures. Nevertheless, in distal fibula ...

    Authors: Cesare Marazzi, Matthias Wittauer, Michael T. Hirschmann and Enrique A. Testa

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:491

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The molecular mechanisms of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) remain to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the autophagy of spinal ligament fibroblasts deri...

    Authors: Yuehua Yang, Zunwen Lin, Jiangwei Chen, Sheng Ding, Weiwei Mao, Sheng Shi and Biru Liang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:490

    Content type: Research article

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  21. A number of minimally invasive sacroiliac (SI) joint fusion solutions for placing implants exist, with reduced post-operative pain and improved outcomes compared to open procedures. The objective of this study...

    Authors: Christopher Payne, Stephen Jaffee, Isaac Swink, Daniel Cook, Matthew Yeager, Michael Oh, Gary Schmidt, Derek P. Lindsey, Scott A. Yerby and Boyle Cheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:489

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To investigate the clinical efficacy and outcomes of skin stretch suturing with self-locking sliding Nice knots in the treatment of small- or medium-sized wounds.

    Authors: Jianmin Xu, Rui Chang, Wei Zhang, Chengcheng Zhang, Dezhi Zhu, Fanxiao Liu and Yongliang Yang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:488

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Distally based peroneal artery perforator-plus fasciocutaneous (DPAPF) flaps are widely used for reconstructing soft-tissue defects of the lower extremity. However, reports on the reconstruction of the defects...

    Authors: Ping Peng, Zhaobiao Luo, Guohua Lv, Jiangdong Ni, Jianwei Wei and Zhonggen Dong

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:487

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The anatomical sacral slope is considered as an anatomical pelvic parameter independent of femoral head centers for measurement of anatomical sacral slope and was previously described to strongly correlate wit...

    Authors: Norio Imai, Hayato Suzuki, Atsushi Sakagami, Yuki Hirano and Naoto Endo

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:486

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Galuteolin (Galu) is a substance extracted and purified from honeysuckle. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of Galu on the TNF-α-induced RA-FLS cells (synoviocytes) and reveal its potential ...

    Authors: Yin Guan, Xiaoqian Zhao, Weiwei Liu and Yue Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:484

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Deep dead space may be thought as an independent risk factor of the poor infection control after flap reconstruction in complex limb wounds. But it can be easily neglected. The conventional skin flap and muscu...

    Authors: Gao-hong Ren, Da-yong Xiang, Xiao-hu Wu, Yun-biao Chen and Runguang Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:483

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Inadequate release of the posterior spinal bone elements may hinder the correction of the lumbosacral fractional curve in degenerative lumbar scoliosis, since the lumbosacral junction tends to be particularly ...

    Authors: Hui Wang, Longjie Wang, Zhuoran Sun, Shuai Jiang and Weishi Li

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:482

    Content type: Technical note

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  28. Patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis (OA) and presenting with symptoms are seeking conservative treatment options to reduce pain, improve function, and avoid surgery. Sustained acoustic medicine (SAM), a mul...

    Authors: Thomas M. Best, Stephanie Petterson and Kevin Plancher

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:481

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in local infiltration analgesia (LIA) as a technique to control postoperative pain. We compared this technique to the gold standard the 3 in 1 femoral ner...

    Authors: Michael Najfeld, Robert Hube, Ann-Kathrin Kujat, Hermann Otto Mayr and Kathi Thiele

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:480

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Transforaminal percutaneous endoscopic lumbar surgeries (PELS) for lumbar disc herniation and spinal stenosis are growing in popularity. However, there are some problems in the establishment of the working cha...

    Authors: Ning Fan, Shuo Yuan, Peng Du, Wenyi Zhu, Liang Li, Yong Hai, Hui Ding, Guangzhi Wang and Lei Zang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:479

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) are interwoven into our everyday lives and have grown enormously in some major fields in medicine including cardiology and radiology. While these specialt...

    Authors: Nicola Maffulli, Hugo C. Rodriguez, Ian W. Stone, Andrew Nam, Albert Song, Manu Gupta, Rebecca Alvarado, David Ramon and Ashim Gupta

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:478

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. The anatomical distribution of the extraforaminal ligaments in the cervical intervertebral foramina has been well studied. However, detailed descriptions of the biomechanical characteristics of these ligaments...

    Authors: Qinghao Zhao, Yemei Yang, Penghuan Wu, Chengyan Huang, Rusen Zhang, Qingchu Li and Benchao Shi

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:477

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Juvenile hip osteoarthritis is often the end result of congenital conditions or acquired hip ailments occurred during the paediatric age. This study evaluated the middle term results of total hip arthroplasty ...

    Authors: Francesco Luceri, Ilaria Morelli, Carlo Maria Sinicato, Alberto Della Grazia, Fabio Verdoni, Nicola Maffulli, Giuseppe M. Peretti and Domenico Curci

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:476

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Growing evidence indicates that homocysteine is a noteworthy marker for general health status. However, research regarding plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) levels and bone mineral density (BMD) is sparse and c...

    Authors: Zhongxin Zhu, Changhua Liu, Xiao’e Li and Xiaocong Yao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:475

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has broken out and spread rapidly nationwide at the beginning of 2020, which has brought huge impacts to people and work. The current situation of prevention and control is ...

    Authors: Hui Zeng, Guoqing Li, Jian Weng, Ao Xiong, Chang Xu, Yifei Yang and Deli Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:474

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. To evaluate the mid-long-term outcomes of surgical management of mono-segmental lumbar and lumbosacral spinal tuberculosis (TB) in adults by one-stage posterior debridement, single-segment fixation, and titani...

    Authors: Zhenchao Xu, Xiyang Wang and Zheng Liu

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:473

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In total knee arthroplasty (TKA) a flexible intramedullary rod can be used to account for sagittal bowing of the distal femur. Although patients report better post-operative functional outcome when the flexibl...

    Authors: M. R. Bénard, R. F. M. van Doremalen, A. B. Wymenga and P. J. C. Heesterbeek

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:472

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  38. Delivery of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) via animal-derived absorbable collagen materials is used for the treatment of large bone defects. However, the administration of bovine proteins to humans is as...

    Authors: Ryo Tazawa, Kentaro Uchida, Hiroaki Minehara, Terumasa Matsuura, Tadashi Kawamura, Hiroyuki Sekiguchi, Kyoko Muneshige, Sho Inoue, Gen Inoue and Masashi Takaso

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:471

    Content type: Research article

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  39. To evaluate the diagnostic value of transcranial Doppler (TCD) and electroencephalography (EEG) in patients with vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI) during clinical diagnosis and treatment

    Authors: Changmin Ke, Chu-na Zheng, Juan Wang, Dongying Yao, Xiaojuan Fang, Yan Luo, Jianglin Wu, Xiaoqing Zheng and Peiping Wang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:470

    Content type: Research article

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  40. This article has been retracted. Please see the Retraction Notice for more detail: https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s13018-020-02000-1.

    Authors: Ye Han, Chunying Liu, Ming Lei, Shaosong Sun, Wenkui Zheng, Yanan Niu and Xi Xia

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:469

    Content type: Retraction Note

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    The original article was published in Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2019 14:416

  41. Thus far, no meta-analysis focusing on the mid- to long-term incidence of adjacent segment disease requiring surgery after cervical total disc replacement and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion has been p...

    Authors: Yifei Deng, Guangzhou Li, Hao Liu, Ying Hong and Yang Meng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:468

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Whether using tissue adhesive alone after subcutaneous suture can close the skin incision with safety as well as cosmetic appearance after total hip arthroplasty was not clear.

    Authors: Li-Shen Wang, Xin-Yu Wang, Hao-tian Tu, Yi-Fan Huang, Xin Qi and Yu-Hang Gao

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:467

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Distal tibial tuberosity high tibial osteotomy (DTT-HTO) can prevent distalization of the tibial tuberosity and thus patellar infera. However, no studies on the clinical and radiological effects of DTT-HTO on ...

    Authors: Changxiao Han, Xia Li, Xiangdong Tian, Jiping Zhao, Liqun Zhou, Yetong Tan, Sheng Ma, Yuanyi Hu, Handong Chen and Ye Huang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:466

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. A growing number of patients continue to receive total knee replacement (TKR) surgery. Nevertheless, such surgeries result in moderate to severe postoperative pain and difficulty in managing it. Musical interv...

    Authors: Rongguo Yu, Youguang Zhuo, Eryou Feng, Wulian Wang, Wentao Lin, Feitai Lin, Zhanglai Li, Liqiong Lin, Lili Xiao, Haiyang Wang, Yuting Huang, Chunlin Wu and Yiyuan Zhang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:465

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  45. In gunshot and shell fragment injuries to the hip joint, orthopedic intervention includes wound assessment and care, osteosynthesis of fractures, and avoiding of infection and osteoarthritis. Individuals injur...

    Authors: Raif Özden, Serkan Davut, Yunus Doğramacı, Aydıner Kalacı, İbrahim Gökhan Duman and Vedat Uruç

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:464

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Bone defects can be seen everywhere in the clinic, but it is still a challenge for clinicians. Bibliometrics tool CiteSpace is based on the principle of “co-citation analysis theory” to reveal new technologies...

    Authors: Haixiong Lin, Xiaotong Wang, Minling Huang, Zige Li, Zhen Shen, Junjie Feng, Huamei Chen, Jingjing Wu, Junyan Gao, Zheng Wen, Feng Huang and Ziwei Jiang

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:463

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Non-surgical treatment of primary patellar dislocation has a high risk of recurrent dislocation; thus, we tried to identify injuries in which sites of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) were most associ...

    Authors: Boyong Jiang, Chenggang Qiao, Yuting Shi, Yizhong Ren, Changxu Han, Yong Zhu and Yuyan Na

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:461

    Content type: Systematic review

    Published on:

  48. Equine degenerative suspensory ligament desmitis (DSLD) is a systemic connective tissue disorder first identified in Peruvian Paso horses but afflicting other horse breeds as well. Inappropriate accumulation o...

    Authors: Abigail Haythorn, Madeline Young, James Stanton, Jian Zhang, P. O. E. Mueller and Jaroslava Halper

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:460

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  49. Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) has been increasingly documented; however, its preoperative accurate diagnosis remains challenging. Furthermore, there is a dire need to identify appropriate and effective ...

    Authors: Yongyu Ye, Weishen Chen, Minghui Gu, Guoyan Xian, Baiqi Pan, Linli Zheng, Ziji Zhang and Puyi Sheng

    Citation: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2020 15:459

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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