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Table 1 Failure mode and failure load (mean ± standard deviation.) of porcine and chicken’s tendons with different treatments

From: Templated freezing: a simple method may increase gripping force of the clamp on the tendon

Group Porcine (n = 45)
Failure load (N)
Failure mode Chicken (n = 45)
Failure load (N)
Failure mode
Control group 135.654 ± 14.140 Avulsion 113.780 ± 10.135 Avulsion
Unfrozen treatment Gauze group 74.310 ± 12.707 Slippage 63.903 ± 14.616 Slippage
Suture group 144.991 ± 21.064 Avulsion 101.774 ± 16.623 Avulsion
Frozen treatment Pocket group 1746.337 ± 68.849 Slippage or fracture inside the clamp 260.647 ± 22.161 Fracture near the central point
Mold group 2121.651 ± 73.101 Fracture near the central point 243.552 ± 15.881 Fracture near the central point