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Fig. 3 | Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research

Fig. 3

From: A case-driven hypothesis for multi-stage crack growth mechanism in fourth-generation ceramic head fracture

Fig. 3

Top-left: scheme showing contact points between neck taper and ceramic liner after ceramic head fracture. Top-right: metal transfer due to impingement between taper tip and ceramic liner. EDX spectrum revealed that smears are made of Ti-alloy. Bottom-left: scratches found on the lateral side of the modular neck. EDX spectrum revealed small ceramic particles embedded into the metal. Bottom-right: chipping of the ceramic liner. EDX spectrum revealed that smears and particles on the fracture surface are made of Ti-alloy

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