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Table 2 Characteristics of participants (n = 150)

From: Effectiveness of self-efficacy-enhancing interventions on rehabilitation following total hip replacement: a randomized controlled trial with six-month follow-up

Variable Intervention group (n = 76) n (%)/X ± S Control group (n = 74) n (%)/X ± S χ2/t P
Gender    1.682 0.247
Male 28 (38.8) 35 (47.3)   
Female 48 (63.2) 39 (52.7)   
Age 58 ± 10.32 59 ± 10.82 0.626 0.532
Marital status    1.045 0.833
Unmarried 2 (2.6) 1 (1.4)   
Married 68 (89.5) 65 (87.7)   
Divorced/Widowed 6 (7.9) 8 (10.9)   
Educational level    8.347 0.132
Primary school 30 (39.5) 29 (39.2)   
Junior high school 27 (35.5) 26 (35.1)   
High school or technical secondary school 12 (15.8) 11 (14.9)   
College or bachelor’s degree 7 (9.2) 8 (10.8)   
Diagnosis    3.627 0.459
Osteoarthritis 17 (22.4) 16 (21.6)   
Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head 20 (26.4) 18 (24.3)   
Fracture 22 (28.9) 25 (33.8)   
Congenital malformation 14 (18.4) 11 (14.9)   
Other 3 (3.9) 4 (5.4)   
Postoperative complications    5.112 0.080
No 60 (78.9) 59 (79.7)   
Yes 16 (21.1) 15 (20.3)