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Table 1 Outline of self-efficacy-enhancing intervention components, strategies, and specific techniques

From: Effectiveness of self-efficacy-enhancing interventions on rehabilitation following total hip replacement: a randomized controlled trial with six-month follow-up

Components Strategies Specific techniques
Individual past experience Providing knowledge of functional exercise
Setting achievable goals
Providing positive feedback
Educating participants in rehabilitation exercise, complications, and disease
Encouraging participants to observe and record their exercise behavior
Conferring with participants to develop functional exercise goals at different stages, making plans on when, where, and how to engage in regular physical activities
Identifying challenges of postoperative rehabilitation through discussion
Providing positive feedback on accomplishments
Vicarious experience Sharing cases of successful rehabilitation Sharing previous success stories to build confidence
Introducing the successful experiences of others to motivate participants to adhere to their rehabilitation program in the following months
Verbal persuasion Persuasion
Giving verbal encouragement and compliment
Describing the benefits of physical activities
Asserting that participants have the ability to self-manage
Commending participants upon their efforts and giving verbal encouragement
Reinforcing participants’ past and present successes or accomplishments
Psychological monitoring Avoiding negative emotional stimulation
Helping participants to seek social support
Assessing participants’ expression of anxiety and depression
Identifying individual barriers to, and resources for, physical activity
Providing strategies for dealing with barriers and coping in the future (post-surgery; the significance of social support)