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Table 2 Summary of clinic outcomes for each study

From: A systematic review and meta-analysis comparing complications following total hip arthroplasty for systemic lupus erythematosus versus for non-systemic lupus erythematosus

Author Years SLE Non-SLE
event Total event Total
Aziz [10] 2020 Acute renal failure 196
Death 28
Myocardial infarction 0
Pneumonia 178
Stroke 13
Any major complication 496
DVT 39
Hip dislocation 42
General complication 813
Seroma or hematoma 213
Wound infection 64
Any minor complication 842
Pulmonary embolism 34
15,583 Acute renal failure 30,380
Death 2648
Myocardial infarction 1644
Pneumonia 18,036
Stroke 1498
Any major complication 56,218
DVT 2825
Hip dislocation 2938
General complication 99,025
Seroma or hematoma 23,749
Wound infection 5434
Any minor complication 10,125
Pulmonary embolism 3961
1,990,939
Cai [14] 2021 Ecchymosis 2
Wound infection 2
Wound fat liquefaction 2
Wound swelling 0
Hypocalcemia 1
Hypoproteinemia 8
Hypokalemia 6
Anemia 7
Vomiting 2
Fever 2
Pulmonary infection 1
PE 0
SF-12 48.91
Dislocation 4
Infection 0
Periprosthetic fracture 0
Revision 0
Aseptic loosening 0
45 Ecchymosis 0
Wound infection 0
Wound fat liquefaction0
Wound swelling 6
Hypocalcemia 0
Hypoproteinemia 4
Hypokalemia 1
Anemia 2
Vomiting0
Fever 0
Pulmonary infection 1
PE 0
SF-12 52.38
Dislocation 2
Infection 0
Periprosthetic fracture 0
Revision 0
Aseptic loosening 0
45
Chen [11] 2021 superficial wound infection 44
PJI 22
Pneumonia 0
Urinary tract infection 0
Pulmonary embolism 0
DVT 1
In-hospital mortality 0
325 superficial wound infection 20
PJI 9
Pneumonia 0
Urinary tract infection 7
Pulmonary embolism 0
DVT 0
In-hospital mortality 0
325
Chen [7] 2019 Fracture of the lower limb 47 557 Fracture of the lower limb 127 2885
Gu [15] 2021 Hematoma formation 9
Superficial infection 4
New symptomatic DVT 9
Periprosthetic fracture 0
Total hip procedures 20
92 Hematoma formation 2
Superficial infection 0
New symptomatic DVT 4
Periprosthetic fracture 1
Total hip procedures 7
92
Issa [22] 2017 Surgical site hematoma 4
Bleeding secondary to over anticoagulation 1
Urinary tract infection 3
Transfusion requirement 8
Soft tissue infection 1
Bacteremia 0
58 Surgical site hematoma 0
Bleeding secondary to over anticoagulation 0
Urinary tract infection 1
Transfusion requirement 2
Soft tissue infection 0
Bacteremia 0
58
Merayo-Chalico [23] 2017 Acute renal insufficiency 5
Arrhythmia 1
DVT 3
Falls 6
Postoperative fracture 2
Dislocation 5
Additional surgery 4
Superficial surgical site infection 4
Excessive surgical site drainage 3
Surgical site ecchymosis 0
Surgical site erythema 3
Spinal headache 2
Delayed wound healing 0
58 superficial wound infection 20
PJI 9
Pneumonia 0
Urinary tract infection 7
Pulmonary embolism 0
DVT 0
In-hospital mortality 0
116
Roberts [24] 2016 Cardiac 103
Peripheral vascular 19
Respiratory 85
Gastrointestinal 42
Genitourinary 61
Central nervous system 14
Postoperative anemia 3264
Deep vein thrombosis 108
Pulmonary embolism 34
Hematoma/seroma 163
Wound dehiscence 0
Infection 34
Prosthetic hip dislocation 35
Periprosthetic fractures 36
Mortality 20
12,555 Cardiac 16,624
Peripheral vascular 1510
Respiratory 12,619
Gastrointestinal 13,768
Genitourinary 14,681
Central nervous system 2952
Postoperative anemia 444,150
Deep vein thrombosis 6022
Pulmonary embolism 3961
Hematoma/seroma 20,997
Wound dehiscence 249
Infection 2512
Prosthetic hip dislocation 2822
Periprosthetic fractures 1860
Mortality 2208
2,018,567