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Table 2 Summary data of balloon and non-balloon reduction of Schatzker type III fractures

From: Outcomes following balloon tibioplasty versus conventional osteosynthesis techniques for Schatzker type III tibial plateau fractures: a systematic review

Author N Surgical details F/U**
(mo.)
Age (years) Rasmussen KSS ROM (°)
Balloon tibioplasty
Cuzzocrea et al. [21] 6 ARIF; reduction with kyphoplasty balloon, calcium phosphate filler 24 46
(36–55)
28.3 ± 0.8 140
[140–140]
Doria et al. [28] 14 Reduction with inflatable bone tamp; calcium phosphate filler, 13 pts had no fixation, 1 pt had plate inserted due to previous surgery 14 67
(2374)
28.9 140
[140–140]
Conventional
Bansal et al. [25] 6 ORIF, bovine cancellous graft, plating, or cannulated screw fixation 12* 74
(6386)
90
[86.25–90]
Dall’Oca et al. [23] 26 ARIF, cannulated screws or plates and screws 73* 51
(13–77)
28.62
18 ORIF, cannulated screws or plates and screws 27*   28
Doria et al. [28] 14 Traditional reduction with metal tamp, bone substitute (calcium phosphate); fixation with cannulated screws (4 pts) and buttress plates (10 pts) 14 65
(21–73)
26.1 140
[125–140]
Haq et al. [26] 10 ORIF, fixation could involve screws and plates 6* N/A 20 120
[90–120]
Jagdev et al. [22] 7 Fixation could include cannulated screws and/or plates 76.32*
[42–130]
41
(20–73)
80–100 (7)
Lasanianos et al. [27] 6 ORIF, reduced by direct elevation, freeze-dried cancellous allograft chips used to fill void, plate support 13* 53
(20–73)
18.0 ± 0.6 130
[130–133.75]
Raza et al. [24] 11 Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis, cancellous autologous bone graft filler, plates, cancellous or cannulated screws for some patients 12 40 ± 14
(19–75)
24.5 ± 3.3 120
[120–120]
Touliatos et al. [19] 5 ORIF, autologous cancellous bone graft filler, could include plate and screw support 4* N/A 80–100
(5)
Zawam et al. [20] 9 ARIF, reduction with impactor, iliac crest bone graft, fixed with 2 cannulated screws and washers 14*
[11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18]
39
(19–55)
27–30 (7);
20–26 (2)
  1. Data are expressed as mean, mean ± standard deviation, mean (range), median[interquartile range], or as a given value range (number of patients in that range)
  2. *Includes only Schatzker type III fractures
  3. **Follow-up is expressed as a specific time point or as mean follow-up of all Schatzker types in the study
  4. American Knee Society Score
  5. KSS Knee Society Score, F/U follow-up, ROM range of motion, N/A not available, ORIF open reduction internal fixation, ARIF arthroscopic reduction internal fixation, pt(s) patient(s), mo months