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Table 2 Comparison between the control group and the rehabilitation group after external fixator operation

From: Efficacy of ultra-early rehabilitation on elbow function after Slongo’s external fixation for supracondylar humeral fractures in older children and adolescents

  The control group Rehabilitation group P1 P2 P3
n 26 23    
  3 months after surgery 6 months after surgery 3 months after surgery 6 months after surgery    
Flexion in affected side (°) 139.88 ± 4.99 141.62 ± 6.81 140.76 ± 3.13 143.71 ± 3.26 0.017 0.007 0.018
Contralateral flexion (°) 146.25 ± 3.64 146.25 ± 3.64 146.23 ± 4.25 146.26 ± 3.25 0.89 0.92 1.46
Extension in affected side (°) 2.51 ± 1.09 2.04 ± 0.76 -1.23 ± 0.69 -2.29 ± 0.29 0.028 0.02 0.026
Contralateral extension (°) -2.56 ± 1.01 -2.56 ± 1.01 -2.66 ± 2.45 -2.76 ± 2.25 0.76 0.83 1.23
Total ROM (°) 137.08 ± 1.72 138.38 ± 1.13 140.09 ± 2.61 141.74 ± 1.74 0.012 0.039 0.032
CA(°) 4.89 ± 0.82 8.13 ± 0.82 6.52 ± 1.66 9.94 ± 0.83 0.038 0.032 0.022
  1. P1, comparison of P value between the two groups 3 months after surgery; P2, P value of the control group and the rehabilitation group 6 months after surgery; P3, comparison of P values between the rehabilitation group 3 months after surgery and the rehabilitation group 6 months after surgery