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Table 1 The functional and radiological outcomes of patients at minimum 2-year follow-up, measured by the Constant-Murley score

From: Surgical treatment of proximal humeral fractures with the transosseous suture fixation

  2-Part GT fractures 3-Part fractures 4-Part fractures
N 10 22 14
Mean age 51.50 (30–70) 62.27 (28–77) 56.15 (33–78)
Pain 12.55 12.63 8.7
Daily life activities 18.66 16.22 13.85
Forward elevation 8.61 7.50 6.85
Abduction 8.20 7 6
External rotation 8 6.45 5.71
Internal rotation 8.40 7.36 6
Strength 11.65 9.64 4.61
Total constant score 75.96 (54–92) 67.15 (13–91) 51.75 (24–76)
Forward elevation (°) 153° 132° 127°
Abduction (°) 144° 120° 110°
HHAVN 0 2 7
Head–shaft angle Not applicable 130° 128°
Osteoarthritis 1 2 4
  1. GT greater tuberosity, HHAVN humeral head avascular necrosis
  2. (°) degrees